How public health fights HIV/AIDS (Text Version)

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For over 30 years, the U.S. has invested in programs and research to fight HIV/AIDS – reaching communities, improving quality of life and providing hope.

Public health programs and research work together

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The development of highly active antiretroviral therapy changed a fatal diagnosis into a chronically managed disease.

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The Ryan White AIDS Drug Assistance Program served more than 242,073 individuals in 2012 – providing access to lifesaving treatment.

Public health reaches people

Access to care

The Ryan White Program provides services to nearly half of all people living with HIV/AIDS in the U.S.
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Prevention

Education and structural level programs, such as condom distribution, are effective in reducing HIV transmission.
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Treatment

Antiretroviral treatment during pregnancy, delivery and breastfeeding reduces mother-to-child transmission by 90 percent.
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Prevention efforts save lives and save money. Over 15 years:

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350,000 HIV infections averted

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$125 billion in medical costs saved Public health milestones

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  • Congress passes first bill to fund AIDS research and treatment (1983)
  • FDA approves first antiretroviral drug and Congress approves emergency funding to states for this drug (1987)
  • Congress passes Ryan White. The Health Resources and Services Administration manages nation’s largest HIV-specific federal grant program (1990)
  • AIDS No. 1 cause of death for U.S. men ages 25-44 (1992)
  • FDA approves first new era of HAART (1995)
  • First substantial decline in AIDS deaths in U.S. (1997)
  • HRSA focuses on people with HIV who know their status and are not receiving HIV-related services (2001)
  • CDC launches Act Against AIDS campaign to reduce new HIV cases (2009)
  • NIH finds daily dose of HIV drugs reduces risk of HIV infection among HIV-negative men who have sex with men by 44 percent (2010)
  • HHS launches 12 Cities Project to support comprehensive HIV/AIDS planning and response for areas with highest AIDS burden in U.S. (2011)

But the fight is not over

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More than 1.1 million people in the U.S. are living with HIV.

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Nearly 1 in 5 does not know they are infected. Every year there are 50,000 new HIV infections – or one person every 9.5 minutes.
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We must continue to fund public health programs

Recent across-the-board cuts, due to sequestration, will impact vital programs all Americans rely on.

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$144 million was cut from HRSA’s HIV/AIDS Bureau in 2013. This and other public health funding will be on the chopping block year after year if we don’t stop sequestration.