Tools for Parents, Teachers, Students, and Community Leaders to Eliminate Childhood Obesity

Kids
  • (activity) CDC Youth Media Campaign: VERB. It's what you do. TM Innovative mass media campaign promoting physical activity among “tweens” aged 9-13. Interactive website offers fun fitness facts and quizzes, verb of the week, games, tips, kid features, and a calendar of events. CDC VERB website provides sample TV and radio broadcasts and information about “by kids, for kids” media strategies.
  • (activity) BAM! Body and Mind: Media project designed to answer kids' health questions and show kids how to strengthen their bodies and minds. Website offers kids (and parents) innovative tools for lifelong fitness: a “fitness personality” quiz and personal fitness calendar, activity cards, fitness and safety tips, disease information, and a place to share stories with other kids. Online materials for teachers include student assessment tools and interactive health/science activities.
  • (activity) Girl Power! Bodywise website.
  • (activity) The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports (PCPFS) promotes physical activity among all Americans and advises the President and Secretary of Health and Human Services on ways to make more Americans active and fit. Online materials available for kids.
  • (food) USDA brochures on fruits and vegetables, favorite foods and the Food Pyramid, healthy grains, and portion sizes. From the USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion (CNPP).
  • (food) Animated video clips showing how saturated and trans fats can clog the arteries, harm the heart, and lead to stroke or heart attack. From the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI).
  • (food and activity) Your Energy Wake-up Call! Teen-oriented website promoting healthy eating and physical activity – food and fitness tips, personal stories, and a grassroots toolkit for policy change. From California Project LEAN (Leaders Encouraging Activity and Nutrition).
  • (food and activity) Kidnetic: Interactive website featuring healthy recipes, fun games, info about how your body works, parent information. From Kraft.
  • (food and activity) healthfinder for kids® is an online clearinghouse of health and human services information. Website provides links to games, activities, and materials on Exercise and Nutrition. From the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and other Federal agencies.
Parents and families
  • (activity) The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports (PCPFS) promotes physical activity and advises the President and Secretary of Health and Human Services on ways to make the population more active and fit. Online materials available for parents.
  • (food) USDA publication, "Preparing nutritious meals at minimal cost:" Healthy recipes, weekly menu suggestions, and food preparation advice for families. From the USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion (CNPP).
  • (food) USDA brochures on fruits and vegetables, favorite foods and the Food Pyramid, healthy grains, and portion sizes. From the USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion (CNPP).
  • (food) Children's Energy (Calories) Needs Calculator: Online web tool that calculates how many calories a child needs each day, based on height/weight/physical activity level. From the USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center at Baylor College of Medicine.
  • (food and activity) Eat Smart. Play Hard.™: USDA nutrition education and promotion campaign, providing parent brochures on active family time, quick and easy snacks, balancing food and play, and breakfast power. From the USDA Food & Nutrition Service (FNS).
  • (child weight) Quiz: Is your child at risk of becoming overweight? Developed by Professor Diane Ward at the University of North Carolina School of Public Health.
  • (child weight) Children's BMI & Percentile Graph Calculator: Online web tool that uses CDC BMI growth charts to help parents monitor their children's height/weight status. From the USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center at Baylor College of Medicine.
Teachers and school staff
  • (activity) SPARK is a model PE curriculum/staff development program providing tools and services to schools, after-school programs, community outreach projects, recreation departments, university grants, and health organizations. Materials available online for curricular development, staff training, and long-term follow-up/consultation. For further information, contact Paul Rosengard at 1-800-SPARK-PE or e-mail spark@sparkpe.org.
  • (activity) PE Central is a comprehensive website for Health and PE teachers, parents, and students. Website includes information on model programs, sample lesson plans, materials and resources, viewer feedback, and best practices. For more information, contact PE Central at (540) 953-1043 or pec@pecentral.org.
  • The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports(PCPFS) promotes physical activity among all Americans and advises the President and Secretary of Health and Human Services on ways to make more Americans active and fit. Online materials available for teachers and healthcare providers. Website also provides links to federal resources and information about Council programs, such as the President's Challenge and the President's Sports and Fitness Awards.
  • (activity) Dance-simulation video games offer alternatives to sedentary video games and have potential use in school lounges and gyms. Product information available for: Dance Dance Revolution, Para Para Paradise, Pop'n Music, Dance Maniax/Dance Freaks, and Drum Mania (Konami); Dance Station (NGG Entertainment); Techno Motion (F2 System); Pump it Up (Andamiro); EZ2Dancer (Amuse World); Samba de Amigo (Sega); and Bust a Groove and Britney's Dance Beat (Metro).
  • (food) USDA brochures and worksheets on fruits and vegetables, favorite foods and the Food Pyramid, healthy grains, and portion sizes. From the USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion (CNPP).
  • (food) California Project LEAN (Leaders Encouraging Activity and Nutrition) works with state and local physical activity and nutrition leaders to implement community-based health promotion programs, including school nutrition projects like Food on the Run and School Board Nutrition Policy Project. From the California Department of Health Services and the Public Health Institute.
  • (food and activity) Pathways is a school-based, NHLBI-funded intervention program promoting healthy eating and physical activity among Native American kids. The original research study was coordinated by 7 tribal nations and 5 universities. Pathways integrates 4 major components: Curriculum (storytelling, snacks, letters and goals, games and demos), Family (family events/workshops, year-end celebrations, family packs/challenge sheets), Food Service (preparation guidelines, materials, activities, training, school kitchen visits), and Physical Activity (SPARK PE, classroom exercise breaks, games, recess).
  • (food and activity) Eat Smart. Play Hard.™: USDA nutrition education and promotion campaign, providing professional tools such as posters, art, tips, and action-oriented recommendations. Catchy slogans include: “Balance your day with food and play”; “Power up with breakfast”; “Grab quick and easy snacks”; “Move more. Sit less”; “Be a role model: Eat breakfast with kids”; and “Make family time an active time”. From the USDA Food & Nutrition Service (FNS).
  • (food and activity) Nutrition Policy Options is a comprehensive site with opportunities and resources for taking action/sending a letter to industry/policymakers; mobilizing families, schools, and local organizations; increase investment in health programs; and implementing specific policies in education, food, health, transportation, and taxation. From the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI).
Local community leaders and policymakers: Education, public transport, safety, health/childcare, recreation, restaurant/manufactured foods, local agriculture/markets
  • (policy) Halting the obesity epidemic: A public health policy approach: Recommendations and e xamples of obesity intervention. From Public Health Reports (January 2000).
  • (policy) Obesity and Other Diet- and Inactivity-Related Diseases: National Impact, Costs, and Solutions (2003) PowerPoint presentation provides an effective overview of the obesity problem and current program/policy methods of intervention. Additional resources from the National Alliance for Nutrition and Activity include policy priorities and links to 250 member organizations.
  • (education) Taking the Fizz out of Soda Contracts: A Guide to Community Action: Comprehensive toolkit for fighting school district soda contracts. Online resources include health facts on soda consumption, commercial implications of school soda contracts, a “school soda report card” measuring the effects of soda on schools, and an effective PowerPoint presentation to be shared with parents, students, community members, and school leaders. From California Project LEAN (Leaders Encouraging Activity and Nutrition).
  • (health/childcare) Body Mass Index (BMI) Calculator for health/childcare providers. From the NIH National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI).
  • (health/childcare) Preventing Chronic Disease (PCD) is a new peer-reviewed e-journal published by the CDC National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP). PCD promotes dialogue among public health providers/policymakers and improves the translation of research into interventions and standard practice. Priority issues include obesity, cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and stroke.
  • (recreation) Hearts N' Parks is a national community-based program that provides grants, materials, and training resources to local park and recreation departments to help them educate community members, develop effective programs, and promote “heart healthy” lifestyles. Current participants include communities in AZ, FL, GA, IL, IN, OH, MD, MI, MO, NM and NV. From the NIH National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) and the National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA).
  • Association of State and Territorial Public Health Nutrition Directors: Guidelines for Comprehensive Programs to Promote Healthy Eating and Physical Activity was developed to assist organizations at the state and local levels in creating comprehensive nutrition, physical activity and obesity control programs.
  • Under the Healthy People 2010 initiative, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has produced A Community Planning Guide Using Healthy People 2010. This document is a guide to developing an action plan through building community coalitions, creating a vision, measuring results, and creating partnerships. It outlines strategies to help start community activities.
Minority and poverty populations
  • The Obesity Epidemic in U.S. Minority Communities
  • The Colorado Physical Activity and Nutrition Program is implementing two community interventions in an area with a large rural population and in the Denver Metro Black Churches. ? Food programs funded by the U.S. Department of Agriculture affect the availability and safety of foods for the entire population. Supplemental food programs are intended to address food security for low income populations. Access, acceptability and nutritional content are affected by these programs. For example, a recent study on the relationship between participation in federal food programs and obesity concluded that girls in food insecure households had a significantly lower risk of being overweight if they participated in any or all of the programs, including school lunch, school Breakfast, and food stamps.
  • Hip to Health Jr. is an obesity prevention program for preschool minority children in Chicago Head Start programs. The 14-week intervention presents a culturally appropriate dietary/physical activity curriculum that targets preschoolers and includes a family component.
  • The California Latino 5 a Day Campaign (Latino Campaign) was established in 1994 as a statewide social marketing initiative led by the California Department of Health Services and administered by the Public Health Institute in cooperation with the National Cancer Institute.  
  • For an analysis of the relationship between hunger and obesity, see The Paradox of Hunger and Obesity in America.
  • Population-based Interventions Engaging Communities of Color in Healthy Eating and Active Living: A Review, Yancey AK, Kumanyika SK, Ponce NA, McCarthy WJ, Fielding JE, Leslie JP, Akbar J, is based upon a search of electronic databases and catalogued studies from 1970 to the present of interventions that address socio-cultural, political, economic, and physical environmental factors. In Preventing Chronic Disease 2004 January.
  • Promoting Research and Outreach for “Niños“ Today (PRONTO), developed by the National Council of La Raza Institute for Hispanic Health, proposes to increase awareness and accessibility as well as reduce disparities on two important health issues — diabetes and cardiovascular disease — among Latino children and families. Project PRONTO is designed to establish a program model that uses community health workers — promotores de salud; trains a cadre of promotores de salud on asthma, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes; and incorporates a program evaluation methodology Cuéntamelo —“Tell me about it” — to measure impact and outcome at both national and local levels.
National/state leaders, advocates and policymakers: Transport, urbanization, health, media and culture, food/nutrition, education Federal Legislation
The status of legislation changes continuously. To learn more about new bills and to track pending legislation, visit these sites:
www.gpoaccess.gov/
http://olpa.od.nih.gov/default.asp
http://thomas.loc.gov/home/thomas.html

The summary tables of legislation introduced in the 108th Congress were prepared by Teresa Kim, 17.307 American Public Policy for Washington Interns, October 19, 2003.
Table 1 Proposed legislation dealing with health promotion, treatment of obesity

Bill # Short Title (date introduced) Sponsor Partisan-ship (D/R)
S. 1428 Commonsense Consumption Act (7/17/03) Mitch McConnell
(R-KY)
Republican
H.R. 2227 Obesity Prevention Act (5/22/03) Michael Castle
(R-DE)
Republican
S. 1172 IMPACT (House: 2/12/02; Senate: 6/3/03) Bill Frist (R-TN) Bipartisan
(Dem < Rep)
H.R. 716 Mary Bono (R-CA) Bipartisan
(Dem > Rep)
S. 1201 YMCA Healthy Teen Act (6/5/03) Lindsey Graham
(R-SC)
Bipartisan
(Dem ~ Rep)
H.R. 811 SMARTS Health Act (2/13/03) Eddie Johnson
(D-TX)
Bipartisan
(Dem > Rep)
H.R. 2024 Medicaid Obesity Treatment Act of 2003 (5/7/03) Edolphus Towns
(D-NY)
Democratic

Table 2 Proposed legislation dealing with child nutrition and federal school lunch programs

Bill # Short Title (date introduced) Sponsor Partisan-ship
(D/R)
S. 870 (Extending funds for fruit and vegetable pilot program) (4/10/03) Tom Harkin
(D-IA)
Bipartisan
(Dem ~ Rep)
S. 1367 Child Nutrition Improvement Act of 2003 Mitch McConnell
(R-KY)
Bipartisan
(Dem ~ Rep)
H.R. 2832 Healthy Nutrition for American's Children Act (7/23/03) Doc Hastings
(R-WA)
Bipartisan
(Dem ~ Rep)
H.R. 2592 Healthy America Act (6/24/03) Adam Putnam
(R-FL)
Bipartisan
(Dem ~ Rep)
S. 1393 (Reauthorizing fruit and vegetable pilot program) (7/10/03) Tom Harkin
(D-IA)
Bipartisan
(Dem ~ Rep)
S. 1392 (Improving nutrition of students under federal nutrition programs) (Senate: 7/10/03; House: 7/25/03) Tom Harkin
(D-IA)
Democratic
H.R. 2987 Lynn Woolsey (D-CA) Democratic
S. 995 Child Nutrition Initiatives Act of 2003 (5/5/03) Patrick Leahy
(D-VT)
Democratic
H.R. 2626 Farm-To-Cafeteria Projects Act of 2003 (6/26/03) Fred Upton
(R-MI)
Bipartisan
(Dem > Rep)
S. 1007 Better Nutrition for School Children Act of 2003 (5/6/03) Patrick Leahy
(D-VT)
Bipartisan
(Dem > Rep)
H.R. 3444 Menu Education and Labeling Act (11/14/03) Rosa DeLauro
(D-CT)
Bipartisan
(Dem > Rep)

Source: U.S. House and U.S. Senate, 108th Congress, 1st Session, Database on-line, Thomas, Available from http://thomas.loc.gov/home/thomas.html

State Legislation Resources

  • CDC has established a searchable database for information on proposed legislation from all 50 states related to nutrition and physical activity. The database contains information from 2001 and is updated on a quarterly basis. http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/DNPALeg/

General Public 

  • (current reporting) CNN Money Special Report: Fighting Fat – media ar ticles, five television installments, stock info for food industry. 
  • (background) Article: Fixing a Fat Nation.
  • (links) healthfinder® is an online clearinghouse of health and human services information. Keyword searches link to reliable websites from over 1,700 health-related government and nonprofit organizations. From the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and other Federal agencies.
  • (links): CNN Fitness & Nutrition library – comprehensive list of health links.

International Organizations

  • www.iotf.org: The International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) is a committee of the International Association for the Study of Obesity (IASO) that collaborates with WHO and other health experts to inform governments about the urgency of obesity intervention: materials on website include research, publications, and contact points in 4 major areas: prevention, treatment, economic research, and childhood obesity.
Links