American Public Health Association
800 I Street, NW • Washington, DC 20001-3710
(202) 777-APHA • Fax: (202) 777-2534
comments@apha.org • http://www.apha.org

ACTION Plan: Healthy People 2010 Objectives for Prevention and Control of Childhood Obesity

5 general goals

  • Goal #1: Increase daily physical activity among children and adolescents.
  • Goal #2: Reduce the amount of time kids spend watching television, video games, and the Internet.
  • Goal #3: Decrease the consumption of energy-dense, high-sugar/high-fat foods like soda, ice cream, junk food, and fast food.
  • Goal #4: Increase the consumption of nutritious foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and skim milk.
  • Goal #5: Create social, monetary, and policy-driven incentives that reinforce long-term environmental and behavioral change.

These goals and objectives are a part of Healthy People 2010 and have been established for achievement in the U.S. by 2010. State and local health departments have used the federal Healthy People 2010 to delineate similar targets for their jurisdictions. Find out what the objectives are for your area! Visit www.firstgov.gov/fgsearch/index.jsp. Use current or the most recent data, as well as national, state and, if available, local objectives to delineate objectives for your community.

Goal #1: Increase daily physical activity among children and adolescents. Actively promote and protect regular activity at home, at school, and in the community.

National Healthy People 2010 Objectives (1)

Physical activity and fitness

  • (22-6) Increase the proportion of adolescents who engage in moderate physical activity for at least 30 minutes on 5 or more of the previous 7 days (27%-35%, 1999-2010).
  • (22-7) Increase the proportion of adolescents who engage in vigorous physical activity that promotes cardio-respiratory fitness 3 or more days per week for 20 or more minutes per occasion (65%-85%, 1999-2010).
  • (22-8) Increase the proportion of the Nation's public and private schools that require daily physical education for all students (middle schools: 17%-25%; high schools: 2%-5%; 1994-2010).
  • (22-9) Increase the proportion of adolescents who participate in daily school physical education (29%-50%, 1999-2010).
  • (22-10) Increase the proportion of adolescents who are physically active in PE class more than 20 minutes 3 to 5 days per week (38%-50%, 1999-2010).
  • (22-12) Increase the proportion of the Nation's public and private schools that provide access to their physical activity spaces and facilities for all persons outside of normal school hours (i.e., before and after the school day, on weekends, and during summer and other vacations) (developmental).
  • (22-14b) Increase the proportion of children and adolescents aged 5-15 years who walk to school (trip < 1 mile) (31%-50%, 1995-2010).
  • (22-15b) Increase the proportion of children and adolescents aged 5-15 years who bike to school (trip < 2 miles) (2.4%-5%, 1995-2010).

Educational and community-based programs

  • (7-2i) Increase the proportion of middle, junior high, and senior high schools that provide school health education to prevent health problems in inadequate physical activity (78%-90%, 1994-2010).

Goal #2: Reduce the amount of time kids spend watching television, video games, and the Internet.

National Healthy People 2010 objectives (1)

Physical activity and fitness

  • (22-11) Increase the proportion of adolescents who view television 2 or fewer hours on a school day (57%-75%, 1999-2010).

Goal #3: Decrease the consumption of energy-dense, high-sugar/high-fat foods like soda, ice cream, junk food, and fast food.

National Healthy People 2010 objectives (1)

Nutrition and overweight

  • (19-8) Increase the proportion of persons aged 2 years and older who consume less than 10% of calories from saturated fat (36%-75%, 1994-6-2010).
  • (19-9) Increase the proportion of persons aged 2 years and older who consume no more than 30% of calories from total fat (33%-75%, 1994-6-2010).
  • (19-15) Increase the proportion of children and adolescents aged 6 to 19 years whose intake of meals and snacks at school contributes to good overall dietary quality (developmental).

Educational and community-based programs

  • (7-2h) Increase the proportion of middle, junior high, and senior high schools that provide school health education to prevent health problems in unhealthy dietary patterns (84%-95%, 1994-2010).

Goal #4: Increase the consumption of nutritious foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and skim milk.

National Healthy People 2010 objectives (1)

Nutrition and overweight

  • (19-5) Increase the proportion of persons aged 2 years and older who consume at least 2 daily servings of fruit (28%-75%, 1994-6-2010).
  • (19-6) Increase the proportion of persons aged 2 years and older who consume at least 3 daily servings of vegetables , with at least one-third being dark green or orange vegetables (3%-50%, 1994-6-2010).
  • (19-7) Increase the proportion of persons aged 2 years and older who consume at least 6 daily servings of grain products, with at least three being whole grains (7%-50%, 1994-6-2010).
  • (19-11) Increase the proportion of persons aged 2 years and older who meet dietary recommendations for calcium (500 mg for children aged 1-3 years, 800 mg for children aged 4-8, and 1300 mg for adolescents aged 9-18) (46%-75%, 1994-2010).
  • (19-15) Increase the proportion of children and adolescents aged 6 to 19 years whose intake of meals and snacks at school contributes to good overall dietary quality (developmental).

Educational and community-based programs

  • (7-2h): Increase the proportion of middle, junior high, and senior high schools that provide school health education to encourage healthy dietary patterns (84%-95%, 1994-2010).

Maternal, infant, and child health

  • (16-19): Increase the proportion of mothers who breastfeed their babies (64%-75%, 1998-2010).

Goal #5: Create social, monetary, and policy-driven incentives that reinforce long-term environmental and behavioral change.

National Healthy People 2010 objectives (1)

Nutrition and overweight

  • (19-3) Reduce the proportion of children and adolescents who are overweight or obese (11%-5%, 1994-2010).
  • (19-18) Increase food security among U.S. households (88%-94%, 1995-2010).

Mental health and mental disorders

  • (18-7) Increase the proportion of children with mental health problems who receive treatment (developmental).

Educational and community-based programs

  • (7-11s,v) Increase the proportion of local health departments that have established culturally appropriate and linguistically competent community health promotion and disease prevention programs for physical activity and fitness, and nutrition and overweight ( 2010 target: 50%).
Health communication
  • (11-2) Improve the health literacy of persons with inadequate or marginal literacy skills (developmental).

_________________________

References

  1. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2000, November). Healthy People 2010. 2nd ed. With Understanding and Improving Health and Objectives for Improving Health. 2 vols. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. [WWW document] www.healthypeople.gov/document/ tableofcontents.htm (Viewed 26, June 2003).