Public Health Education and Health Promotion
I joined APHA and PHEHP 13 years ago simply because one of my mentors told me to do so. She said it was important to give back to the profession – and to join while I could still get the student membership discount. What I remember most about attending my first Annual Meeting was being so excited by all the sessions that I was well into the week before I realized you have to skip at least one session if you want to eat lunch.
I also remember the feeling I had when I came home. Besides being worn out from a six-day trip (remember when we had to fly on Saturday to get good airfares and then we stayed ‘til Thursday afternoon?), I was totally reenergized about public health. For those of you who will join us at the Annual Meeting in Boston, I hope that you will leave worn out (this time from 6:30 and 7:00 a.m. business meetings), yet emblazoned by the rediscovered energy you’ll channel into your work.
It is that very feeling of excitement about our work – that passion for public health – that is the quality I most look for in hiring young health educators or mentoring young public health students. As you get ready for this meeting, I hope you will find the time to provide meeting advice to any students in your midst. Yes, they need to know about the free food, but they also need someone to tell them that they are more than welcome at the Section business meetings! (It took me years to find out that these meetings weren't just for the elected officers.) Even more so, share with them your passion not only for public health, but for giving back to the profession through service in PHEHP.
I have enjoyed my year as chair of the Section, although I am beginning to look forward to a time when I will receive less e-mail from APHA. I hope to see you in Boston, but whether or not you can join us in person, I wish for you a coming academic year that will bring you closer to work of the Association and the Section. Bring your enthusiasm to us – and pass it along to a young colleague or student. Your advice might be just the thing that brings PHEHP a new lifetime member.
See you in Boston.
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APHA President Completes Term
APHA President Pat Mail, a 40-year member of the PHEHP Section, will be completing her term at the Annual Meeting.
The PHEHP Section has been a major influence, mentor, helper, and supporter throughout my career in APHA. I cannot express my appreciation to the Section adequately. From my first job as program chair for the 1980 meeting, I have learned, grown and enjoyed the collegial support and direction from those who preceded me. It has been a privilege and an honor to serve as APHA president, but it would not have happened without the wise counsel and hard work of many members of the Section. I look forward to supporting our younger and mid-career members as you take up the responsibilities and leadership of the Section and move into larger APHA roles. Judith Miller was my mentor and guide. Many of you will get the opportunity to reach out to younger members and encourage them. We have been blessed with outstanding leaders and workers as section chairs, program chairs, APHA committee chairs, Governing Councilors, and Executive Board members. I look forward to seeing more PHEHP members in leadership in the years to come. Be thinking of the next candidates for Executive Board and president. We can do this! And my profound thanks to each and every one of you who has supported me over these last 40 years!
|APHA President Patricia (Pat) D. Mail, MPH, PhD |
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National Eye Institute Launches Healthy Vision Community Programs Database
The National Eye Institute recently developed a Healthy Vision Community Programs Database. This new database is a searchable collection of community-based programs that contains information about eye health education programs from U.S. states and territories. People interested in eye health have often been able to find information about eye diseases and organizations and/or foundations that are dedicated to eye health, however, little information was known about community-level approaches at addressing eye health issues. The Healthy Vision Community Programs Database was designed and developed to meet the following objectives:
- Serve as a central location of community-based eye health education programs.
- Stimulate ideas for creative eye health education projects.
- Promote networking of groups and individuals concerned about eye health.
This database serves as a resource to help communities learn about new ways to address eye health issues and replicate eye health-related projects in their locale or region. It is intended to stimulate collaborative community health education initiatives by providing a vehicle to share invaluable information to its users. Projects can be searched for by state or territory, target audience, and eye disease or condition. This searchable online tool is designed for community-based entities to display, learn, and share overall program components of their eye health education activities. Each database entry includes a brief description of the project and contact information. Others seeking to start a similar project can contact the project contact person directly for more detailed information and to exchange ideas.The database originated as a repository for all eye health education projects funded by NEI’s Healthy Vision Community Awards Program, a program designed to address Healthy People 2010’s Vision Objectives. Because various organizations beyond those funded by the community awards program are conducting eye health education in their communities, the NEI is inviting other community organizations to submit their projects for inclusion. All submissions will be reviewed by the NEI. In order to search the database or submit a project, please visit http://community-based.shs.net/.
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Partnerships with Faith-Based Organization’s in Asthma Education
It is well known that asthma is the most common chronic childhood disease in America affecting blacks disproportionately more than any other ethnicity. Part of this disparity has been linked to a lack of education about the disease within the community. Health literacy has indeed been shown to be a factor in the ability to make informed decisions about health matters.
Over the past few years the health community has put forth an effort in educating urban residents about asthma and its proper management. As a result health programs have been created in the ongoing crusade against the disease.
Various methods have been developed, however, establishing partnerships with black churches and their health ministries seem to be an effective way in getting the message out. Historically the church has been at the center of the culture and its well being becoming a pivotal mechanism in disseminating vital information to the community.
Atlanta based Not One More Life Inc. has taken this concept to heart. The organization is comprised of volunteer physicians, respiratory therapists, and nurses whose mission is to reduce the burden of asthma in faith-based communities. Since 2003, Not One More Life has been partnering with black churches in the metro area educating and empowering parishioners to take control of their asthma. Their program includes didactic presentations along with spirometric screenings in which the participant will have an opportunity to discuss the results with a pulmonologist. All spirometric information is relayed to the participant’s primary care physician for follow up. Perhaps the most important feature of the program is the ongoing contact with the health ministers to ensure that those participants who have abnormal screenings are seen by their primary care physician or specialist. In cases where participants do not have a physician one can be recommended.
Since its inception, Not One More Life has had more than 1,200 participants. Interestingly 23 percent of those screened reported not having any respiratory symptoms even though their spirometry indicated otherwise. They just didn’t realize that anything was wrong or believed that it was normal for them to feel that way. Additionally male participants were seemingly absent, with more than half of all participants being female. Other health issues such as obesity were also noted. It was also remarkable to note that only 64 percent of those who participated had a primary care physician. These preliminary findings suggest that there is much work to be done within the urban community to not only raise the level of asthma awareness, but to also increase male participation in their own health care. Although it was not known as to why so many participants were without primary care physicians, it seems clear that any community health education program should be prepared to assist those who are in need in finding quality physicians who are committed to the needs of the community and who can provide that care at a cost that is affordable.
Not One More Life has been received warmly by Atlanta’s faith-based organizations. The organization has also been recognized by the American Thoracic Society and the American College of Chest Physicians. They have been the recipients of the Chest Foundation’s 2004 Humanitarian Award as well as the Medicine Award given by the Concerned Black Clergy of Atlanta. Their model was presented at a recent American Thoracic Society conference. They have also had articles published in such literature as the journal Chest and USA Today. For more information regarding Not One More Life, visit http://www.notonemorelife.org or contact Melvin Butler, program director, at (404) 547-1463.
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California’s West Nile Virus Fight the Bite Plan: Biting Back with High-Tech Vigilance
West Nile virus (WNV) was first identified in California in 2002 when an infected individual was identified in Los Angeles County. By 2003, evidence of WNV was detected in six of California’s 58 counties, including three human infections. In 2004, distribution of the virus expanded dramatically resulting in 830 human infections and 28 deaths in 23 counties. Last year, 935 people in 48 counties were infected with WNV; 19 of these infections resulted in death.
With a population of over 36 million and ecology conducive to WNV transmission, the WNV epidemic in California could have been much worse. The incidence of WNV per 100,000 population in 2004 and 2005 was 2.5 and 2.8, respectively. By comparison, neighboring Arizona State had WNV human incidences in 2004 and 2005 of 7.6 and 2.2 respectively. One reason why WNV infection incidence did not exceed 3.0 may be that California has one of the nation’s most comprehensive arbovirus surveillance systems, outlined in the California Mosquito-Borne Disease Surveillance and Response Plan (a copy of the plan is on the state’s Web site: www.westnile.ca.gov). With the introduction of WNV, the plan was updated — and it includes getting a hand from the public. The California Department of Health Services established a WNV dead-bird hotline in 2002 that receives calls from the public reporting dead birds. An increase in the number of dead birds has been shown to be an important indication of WNV activity since many species of birds; crows in particular, get fatal infections with WNV.
The hotline operates seven days a week from 8 a.m. – 5 p.m. The hotline staff is comprised of students from the University of California, Berkeley, who are studying biology, public health or have educational and professional experience appropriate for the hotline. The ethnic and linguist diversity of the staff has allowed for reports to be received in many languages, including Farsi, Mandarin, Cantonese, Spanish, French, German, Tagalog, and Vietnamese. The hotline, (877) WNV-BIRD, has received over 321,621 dead bird reports since 2002. California’s WNV dead bird hotline and WNV Web site are heavily promoted in all educational materials and media outreach pieces. A simple on-line form on the state’s website can also be used to collect information for the dead-bird reporting system.
In 2005, in collaboration with the Center for Advance Research of Spatial Information, Hunter College of The City University of New York, California began to pilot test a human WNV risk modeling system: DYCAST (Dynamic Continuous-Area Time Space model). The model uses a geographic mapping system that evaluates the timing and location of the dead bird reports to create a map that reflects areas of high WNV risk. Analysis of the pilot test data showed that of those human cases with a known onset date and location (332 cases), 274 (83 percent) occurred within a quarter square mile of areas that were predicted by the DYCAST system to be high WNV infection risk to humans. One hundred sixty-six (50 percent) of these cases occurred in areas identified as high risk approximately one month prior to onset, indicating that DYCAST may be an effective early warning system for WNV risk to humans. The DYCAST model was also used to evaluate the efficacy of urban aerial adulticiding in Sacramento County. The model is used statewide and provides information useful for focusing mosquito control operations, public education campaigns, and surveillance activities. (See the graph which displays the total area within California designated as "hot spots” of WNV transmission DYCAST System each day during 2006.)
The newest addition to California’s WNV surveillance arsenal is a three-year grant from the NASA Earth-Sun Science Applied Sciences Program. In collaboration with the University of California, Davis, the Mosquito Vector Control Association of California, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDHS will use NASA remote sensing products as well as other surveillance measures, to help forecast the risk of arbovirus activity in California. Incorporating remotely sensed data will extend the current suite of ground-based measurements as the ongoing WNV epidemic has heightened the need to track real time risk for emerging vector borne pathogens.
[Editor's note: The California program is modeled after Colorado's Fight the Bite campaign, http://www.fightthebitecolorado.com].
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Could We Improve our International Exchange of Experiences?
At a conference in London last October, a social scientist from Norway pointed out that with modern communication methods, we get to know more and more about events at the other side of the globe, and had neglected what he called the ‘kitchen table’ exchange of information. By this we think he meant the face-to-face discussions with neighbours and friends which were (and are) so important in social cohesion. We think the same may be happening in professional circles, where the expansion of journals and Web sites has greatly increased the potential but reduced the reality of worthwhile exchanges. A research building in Oxford deliberately included a large space for the coffee lounge, in the belief that this would greatly improve the chances of interchange between research staff engaged in different projects. Perhaps we are neglecting the value of a Newsletter between globally scattered professional colleagues to bridge the gap to some extent?
One of us is a member of APHA and when possible thoroughly enjoys the great get-together which APHA calls its Annual Meeting and Exposition. But the plethora of different sessions and the width of interest in many public health and health promotion members make it impossible to ‘network’ as much as one would like. It is especially difficult perhaps for overseas members. Again, a newsletter could be of great help.
We are both involved in a particular international project, using a settings approach to tackle the public health problems of health in places of compulsory detention, usually prisons. Our project is now over 10 years ‘old,’ and we feel we have gradually built up much useful experience and collected valuable evidence of what works in reducing the public health risks created by herding very vulnerable people into old and inadequate institutions. We share this widely throughout Europe and with a small number of APHA members involved in prison health. We have of course the necessary Web site where you can find copies of consensus statements, etc. produced by what is a network of over 30 countries of Europe. Contact details for Dr. Lars Moller, who manages the project, can be found here: http://www.euro.who.int/prisons
One of us is working in a university in England which has a unit devoted to the development of settings for health (for example ‘healthy schools’ as well as, in this context, ‘healthy prisons.’) In particular the Unit supports exchange of information on prison health through a WHO awards scheme for ‘best practice in prison health’ across Europe. Information on this and contact details can be viewed at: http://www.uclan.ac.uk/facs/health/hsdu/settings/who_prisons.htm
But we have limited knowledge of how many others outside Europe are interested in this challenging area of health promotion, and whether they have developed ideas and approaches which would be of relevance and value to us. Through exchange and discussion, we could develop the science and art of health promotion for some of the most disadvantaged and hard to reach people in all societies. Journals of course remain a valuable peer-reviewed source of findings, but they cannot have the ‘kitchen table’ approach which we feel could be a necessary compliment to journals.
Therefore, we will like to know if you knew about our project, if you feel that the Internet gives all the opportunities we need for the interchange of ideas or if you feel as we do that we could make better use of the Newsletter to alert each other of progress (or problems) in health promotion. Please feel free to contact us with your comments.
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Puerto Rico Quitline: ¡DEJALO YA!
Collaboration between public and private institutions, community-based organizations, and health care providers is recognized as a very valuable strategy for health promotion and disease prevention efforts. Challenging public health problems such as tobacco use require a comprehensive approach which consider individual and social component.
Smoking in Puerto Rico as in the United States constitutes an important health issue in the public health efforts. Three of the four leading causes of death in Puerto Rico (heart diseases, cancer, hypertension) are associated with smoking. Reducing current smoking rates and tobacco use has become a critical component in the prevention efforts of the 2010 National Health Objectives and in the Puerto Rico Department of Health (PRDH) goals. Different approaches have been used to work with this problem including legislation, health education programs, coalitions and the use of quitlines. In December 2004, the PRDH implemented the Puerto Rico Quitline ¡Déjalo Ya! The quitline is a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded telephone-based program oriented to smoking cessation.
Several authors indicate that the provision of telephone smoking cessation counseling can increase the rate of quitting smoking. Quitlines can be an effective mean of helping smokers quit, providing an appropriate, accessible and affordable cessation help to those interested. Because the service is free, it can increase health care access, reducing inequities.
Since 2005, the U54 Partnership for Excellence in Cancer Research, the Puerto Rico Cancer Center of the University of Puerto Rico and the MD Anderson Cancer Center of the University of Texas have been working together in a research project which aims to increase the utilization of the quitline through outreach interventions. The principal investigators of the project are David Wetter, PhD, and Elba Díaz-Toro, DMD, and the co-investigators are A.P. Ortíz-Martínez, PhD, M.C. Santos-Ortíz, PhD, V. Correa-Fernández, PhD, C. A. Mazas, PhD and L. M. Mejía, MA. One of the research objectives was to develop collaboration between the Puerto Rico Cancer Center and MD Anderson and key health organizations in Puerto Rico involved in tobacco control.
One of the activities organized for this purpose was the “Cumbre de Tabaco, 2005” conference to develop an outreach agenda for smoking cessation in Puerto Rico sponsored by the PRDH. Organizations involved in tobacco control such as the PRDH, Puerto Rico Tobacco Control Coalition, legislators, public and private health care providers, community-based organizations and media representatives were invited to participate. The main objectives of the activity were to establish commitments of collaboration among the participants through the creation of a steering committee, to educate each conference participant in tobacco cessation and control practices, and to generate an outreach action plan to increase the utilization of the quitline among smokers in Puerto Rico.
Puerto Rico Secretary of Health Rosa Pérez-Perdomo served as keynote speaker, and representatives of the UPR, Medical Sciences Campus, MDACC and the PRDH provided information about tobacco cessation. Topics included tobacco use in Puerto Rico, global issues in tobacco control policy, socio-cultural and psychological factors in tobacco dependence, best practices in tobacco cessation, PRQ services, the characteristics of quitline callers, and quitline promotion strategies. A pre and post test was administered to participants. Results demonstrate increased knowledge about tobacco. The overall mean pre-test score was 63 percent versus a mean post-test score of 91 percent. Participants indicated that the information presented was relevant and important for their professional functions and roles, and express interest an commitment to the promotion of the quitline and tobacco control in Puerto Rico.
As part of the Cumbre 2005, small group discussions were conducted in which each participant created an individual activity to promote tobacco cessation within his/her organization. They also shared their ideas and within groups and developed an outreach agenda with concrete plans to promote tobacco cessation using the quitline.
Participants were able to get to know each other throughout the conference, exchanged contact information, and created an initial network. Representatives from different sectors were chosen to be part of a steering committee to promote smoking cessation and the quitline. They represent different sectors of Puerto Rican society including community and religious organizations, hospitals and health care organizations, the health insurance industry, universities, juvenile organizations, and private and government agencies. One of the main purposes of the steering committee is to follow up on the action plans promoting smoking cessation in the different organizations and sectors represented. Another goal is to provide feedback and recommendations to the research team and other members.
Several meetings have taken place in different organizations’ facilities and active participation has been demonstrated. The quitline promotion has been incorporated and institutionalized as part of several organizations. Promotional materials have been distributed among employees, students, health care providers, patients, health professional associations’ members. Also, recruitment of new key people and organizations, discussion of the importance of join efforts, teamwork, partnerships and consultation to other members have been emphasized. Actually more than 50 organizations are collaborating with the tobacco cessation outreach agenda.
The research team has also completed other activities to promote the quitline. A design and creation of the quitline logo for the PRDH was completed. The logo was based on the Colorado Quitline and North America Quitline Consortium logos. It has been used in printed material like brochures and flyers. The PRDH has also used the logo in newspapers. Brochures, flyers and Power Point presentations were designed to promote the quitline. They have been distributed to health professionals; general public and Cumbre de Tabaco 2005 participants’ used them in their promotional activities. An electronic newsletter, which include information about smoking cessation and an updated analysis of quitline callers, was sent to all Cumbre de Tabaco 2005 participants.
The next “Cumbre de Tabaco” will be held in November 2006. The Steering Committee, active collaborators of Cumbre 2005 and health professionals has been invited. Emphasis has been made to include health care providers (including physicians and dentists) and to identify those interested in collaborating in the outreach activities. A tobacco cessation workshop on a comprehensive approach to help health care professionals incorporate tobacco cessation into their clinical practices including both individual and system changes will be presented by Dr. Susan Curry. She is the director of the Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago and co-director of the Addressing Tobacco in Health Care Initiative of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Information about Puerto Rico smoking cessation programs will also be presented. A poster session with Cumbre 2005 participant’s tobacco activities completed will be included in the program. This will provide an opportunity for collaborators to discuss their efforts in the promotion of the quitline as well as contributing and limiting factors in the process. If you need more information about this project you can communicate with Dr. Virmarie Correa-Fernández at (787)758-2525, Ext. 2138, 2140 or email@example.com.
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Latest Version of Core Journals in Health Education/Behavioral Sciences Released
Looking to read the health education literature, but don't have enough time to read everything? This compilation of health education/behavioral science journal titles can help you focus.
The Core Public Health Journals Project (http://publichealth.yale.edu/phlibrary/phjournals/v2/ ) is an ongoing activity of the Public Health/Health Administration Section of the Medical Library Association. The overall goal of the project is to identify and list the core journals in public health and public health specialty areas. The list represents journals that should be in libraries or resource centers serving public health organizations in any or all of the specialty areas covered. The lists were created to assist libraries, faculty, and practitioners in selecting journals for purchase and evaluating the support provided by public health collections. The lists also have been used by public health professionals and students looking to identify the top journals in their fields for publishing their work. In January 2001, nearly 50 librarians and several public health professionals from a few dozen institutions volunteered to participate in the initial list creation. The lists are to be updated every two years.
The Version 2.0 lists are now complete for all disciplines. The first Health Education/Behavioral Sciences list was produced by Librarians Debra Revere, MLIS, MA (University of Washington), Barbara Nail-Chiwetalu, PhD, MLS (University of Maryland), and Virginia Tanji, MSLS, MEd (University of Hawaii). Lisa Wallis, MPH, MS (University of Illinois at Chicago), Helena VonVille, MLS (University of Texas at Houston), and Alison Aldrich, MLS (Wright State University) teamed to update the list for Version 2.0. The list was further revised by the project's overall editorial boards.
The lists identify essential core, research core, grey literature and minimal core titles for each discipline. The journals identified as essential core specific to health education/behavior science for Version 2.0 are:
- AIDS Education and Prevention
- American Journal of Health Behavior
- American Journal of Health Education
- American Journal of Health Promotion
- American Journal of Preventive Medicine
- Health Education and Behavior
- Health Education Journal
- Health Education Research
- Health Promotion Practice
- Health Psychology
- Journal of Adolescent Health
- Journal of Community Health
- Journal of Health and Social Behavior
- Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
- Preventing Chronic Disease
- Preventive Medicine
- Social Science and Medicine
This six-title expansion from the 11 essential core titles in version 1 shows that the health education content in journals is growing! The research and grey literature publications addressing health behavior are also identified. Each journal record includes the price, URL and whether the journal is indexed in PubMed (http://www.pubmed.gov). These journals record the current practice and research findings within the field. Some of these journals are freely available or reach the health education community by virtue of association membership.
We hope that public health professionals, including persons working in academic public health; federal, state, and local public health; and non-government public health in all specialties, will benefit from the Core Public Health Journals Project Web site. This audience will be able to use the site as a tool for selecting where to publish research, a tool to demonstrate breadth and depth of public health as a discipline, and as a tool for finding sources of public health research. Researchers will be able to use the site as starting point for conducting bibliometric research, systematic reviews, or other research related to the dissemination of public health knowledge. Please let us know how we may make the list more useful to you or share how you have used the list in your work.
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One in seven Maine adults cannot read well enough to manage routine, yet necessary life functions. These functions include activities of daily living, such as interpreting a bus schedule, and health-related tasks, such as deciphering dosage instructions on a medicine bottle. An inability to perform health-related tasks directly affects morbidity and mortality. Low literacy levels also impact school success from an early age. Children who do poorly in school are more likely to engage in risky behaviors such as cigarette smoking, substance abuse, unprotected sex and violent acts. For many children, videotapes and DVDs are more prevalent in the home than simple picture books. Children who do have access to books from an early age are more prepared for school, better able to manage their health as adults and ultimately live longer.
Raising Readers distributes books to children from birth to age five through well-child visits with their health care providers. Pediatric health care providers give advice on age-appropriate literacy activities along with the books, and emphasize the importance of reading in the home.
By delivering Raising Readers books to all children statewide, regardless of economic means, the program assures that each Maine 5-year-old has a personal library of 12 quality, hardcover books. Exposing children to books helps them build early literacy skills so they become “learning ready.” Books are chosen by a statewide committee of experts, and titles are rotated yearly.
To date, Raising Readers is the only all-inclusive statewide program of its kind. It serves 33 Maine hospitals, and 345 medical offices and clinics, including a small number of free-standing birth centers and adoption agencies. In the six years of the Raising Readers Program, over 800,000 books have been distributed and over 120,000 Maine children have received at least one book from the program.
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Student’s Guide to APHA’s Annual Meeting
By: Jennifer Cremeens, MSPH
The APHA Annual Meeting can be overwhelming to first-time attendees or those unfamiliar with the in’s and out’s of the meeting. Even seasoned veterans find themselves inundated at times with so many sessions, business meetings, and socials to attend. Over the years, I have tried to take in as much as possible at the annual meeting. While I am still new to the whole experience, I can offer up some advice for students attending the Annual Meeting this year in Boston.
- Attend the APHA-SA 2nd Annual Student Meeting!
This meeting is tailored to the wants and needs of students. The meeting will be the Saturday before the Annual Meeting (Nov. 4, 2006), is FREE for all students, and lunch is provided. The theme this year is “Translating Research into Practice.” The keynote speaker is Shiriki Kumanyika, PhD, MPH who is a professor of epidemiology for the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics at the University of Pennsylvania. Registration is capped, so hurry and register at http://www.aphastudents.org.
- Take advantage of Employment Opportunities!
APHA’s CareerMart is open year round to members. At the Annual Meeting, all registered attendees will have free access to CareerMart resources. You will be able to search available job postings by keyword, location, or discipline. To express interest in a position, leave a message for a recruiter through i-Communicate. If the company or organization is interested, the recruiter will contact you to schedule an interview. Also on hand this year will be Career Coaches. For a small fee, you can reserve a 30-minute time slot to discuss you career with these coaches. You can also get feedback on your curriculum vitae (CV)/resume and how you can get to where you want to go on your career path.
Here are some tips to take advantage of employment opportunities:
· Upload your CV/resume online at http://www.apha.org/career right now. At the top of your CV/resume, designate when you will be available at the meeting and a number where recruiters can reach you. Once at the meeting, you will not be able to upload your CV/resume.
· Bring copies of your CV/resume with you, just in case. Also, bring business cards to give to new contacts (and old ones) at the meeting.
· Check you i-Communicate messages regularly. Otherwise you may miss a potential job!
· Visit http://www.apha.org/career to get more information and booth fees or contact Ashell Alston at firstname.lastname@example.org
- Seek out opportunities for freebies and networking!
Attend the APHA-SA social to meet other students in the field and attend section socials to meet those who have already forged careers in public health. (HINT: Bring business cards!). These events always have free food available as well.
You can also attend the business meeting for your section. These are usually the leaders of your section and very influential people in the field. It consists of a much smaller group (usually less than 25 people), which makes it easier to network with others. You also learn about what is going on in your section. I know these are scheduled during the early morning, but sometimes you are fortunate enough to get a section that provides breakfast!
4. Visit the Public Health Expo!
Not only is this a great place to get tons of free things (think pens, note pads, key chains, etc), but it is also a great place to network. Mingle with the university recruiters. While they are primarily there to recruit students to their school, they are probably aware of faculty vacancies. You can also visit a variety of agencies somehow affiliated with public health. Use this as an opportunity to forge contacts with people in the industry who could be potential employers or whose services you may want to take advantage of sometime in the future.
Also, be sure to stop by Publisher’s Row. If you are teaching classes at school, you can request review copies of books available for your courses.
This is also a great time to visit the Student Assembly’s booth. Find out what is going on in the Student Assembly, and what events are scheduled throughout the Annual Meeting. You can also sign up to be on committees by visiting the Student Assembly booth. The Student Assembly has also put together an Annual Meeting Newsletter Supplement that will be available at their booth. This Supplement is a great place to find more detailed information regarding the Annual Meeting.
5. Visit the Online Program before you go!
APHA has already made available a program of the annual meeting online at http://www.apha.org/meetings. Before you head to Boston, check out what sessions are offered and what times socials and business meetings are scheduled for. By looking at the program in advance, you won’t be so overwhelmed the day you arrive with the large number of sessions that are available. Additionally, you won’t waste valuable time thumbing through the handbook provided at registration trying to figure out where you want to go next.
Take advantage of the Personal Scheduler, which allows you to map out what sessions you want to attend. All you have to do is print out your schedule before you leave home!
6. Get a mentor!
If you know a professor who will be attending, or a friend who has attended the meeting before, ask if they can help show you around. With thousands of people planning on attending the Annual Meeting, you don’t want to get lost in the shuffle.
Remember to take some time to see the sites in Boston and to have some fun! Boston is full of historical sites and museums. While it is important to spend time at the Annual Meeting (after all that is why you are there!), venture out into the city and see what it has to offer. Enjoy some of the nearby restaurants that offer affordable food.
This is a great opportunity to make connections with students and public health professionals from all over the country. Be sure to take advantage of everything available to attendees and students. Happy Navigating!
By Renee Walker
With the excitement of being in an unfamiliar city, questions may arise about what to do, what to see, and more importantly, WHERE TO EAT! As students, many of us have searched coat pockets and underneath pillow cushions for any spare change we can find to survive a long semester. We are also forced to make difficult decisions with this spare change – Do I order a Tall or a Grande? Do I really need to buy the recommended textbook? While at the Annual Meeting, you will find many student-friendly restaurants that offer a variety of foods on a student budget. The following list is just a few that are no more than two miles from the Convention Center and the official APHA hotels.
King Fung Garden
74 Kneeland Street
Boston, MA 02111
Price: $1 – 20
Friendly service, short wait times, Scallion pies and Peking Ravioli recommended
Boston Coffee Exchange
32 Summer Street
Boston, MA 02110
Cuisine: Breakfast/Brunch, coffee shop, dessert
Price: $1 – 2
Offers a variety of coffee flavors, ideal if you do not have much time and are on the run, comfortable atmosphere with music playing
131 Broad Street
Boston, MA 02110
Hours: Monday – Friday – , Saturday: – 4:00pm
Cuisine: Pizza, pasta dishes, sandwiches, salads, vegetarian friendly
Price: $1 – 20
Max’s Deli Café
151 Milk Street
Boston, MA 02109
Hours: Monday – Friday –
Cuisine: Breakfast, sandwiches, pasta, soup, vegetarian friendly, salads, desserts
Price: $1 – 10
1721 Washington Street
Boston, MA 02118
Hours: Monday – Thursday – , Friday – , Saturday – ,
Cuisine: Thai, steak, vegetarian, and pasta dishes
Price: Lunch: $1 – 10, Dinner: $10 – 20
Red Hat Restaurant
9 Bowdoin Street
Boston, MA 02114
(617) 523 – 2175
Hours: Monday – Friday – , Saturday – , Sunday –
Cuisine: Burgers, fish and chips, salads
Perks: In addition to daily specials, enjoy 10-cent wings on Mondays and Tuesdays. Red Hat is equipped with a full bar and jukebox. Get together with a friend and get a 2nd meal 50 percent off when you buy one meal. Must have an internet coupon located at http://www.redhatrestaurant.com.
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Inflammatory Breast Cancer: Bringing it to the Forefront
Health care practitioners have spent many decades promoting preventive screening, such as mammography testing, clinical examinations, and self breast examinations (SBE). For certain, mammograms, clinical examinations, and SBE are of extremely important in reducing breast cancer and decreasing the surging mortality of this disease. Without the use of these preventive measures, breast cancer mortality would affect many more women and exceed the estimated 212,920 diagnosed with the disease and the 40,970 that succumb to this disease (American Cancer Society, 2006). Consequently, by no means does this article seek to undermine the efficacy of these preventive measures, but moreover put emphasis on the importance of them and the greater need to increase awareness of inflammatory breast cancer and bring this disease to the forefront.
There is an uncommon type of breast cancer, called inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) “that is rare and a very aggressive form of the disease accounting for 1-6 percent of all breast cancer disease” (Johnson, 2003, p. 58). The National Cancer Institute reported that the disease occurs when cancer cells block the lymph vessels in the skin of the breast, causing the breast to become red, swollen, and warm. Mei and Merajver (2006) included other salient characteristics of the disease, such as “rapid progression and poor survival compared to non-IBC breast cancer” (p. 25). The disease is unique in that IBC does not produce a distinct mass or lump that can be felt by BSE or detected by a mammogram, which is what most women have been taught over the years. Because no lump is present, it can be extremely difficult to diagnose, and as a result, it is even more important to educate and empower women with knowledge regarding IBC. Moore (2005) postulates that mammography can detect some skin thickening, trabecular thickening, and auxiliary adenopathy within many women, thus this is reassuring in a sense because the preventive technique has some capacity in possibly finding an anomaly. Unfortunately, because IBC spreads rapidly to other parts of the body, early detection and treatment is vital in order to increase the probability of surviving this disease. In a sense, although mammograms are essential for detection, the best means of exposing this disease is through knowledge.
The Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Institute listed several relevant symptoms of inflammatory breast cancer. The symptoms and signs are as follows:
· one breast becomes much larger than the other one (often sudden).
· warmth and swelling in the breast (often sudden).
· redness or pinkness that may look like an infection.
· itching or pain in the breast that won’t go away.
· dimpling of the skin that may look like the skin of an orange (called peau d’ orange).
· ridges or thickened areas of skin.
· nipple discharge.
· nipple retraction or flattening.
· change in the color of the areola (the dark skin around the nipple).
· a bruise that does not go away.
· swollen lymph nodes on the neck or under the arm.
· a lump (although often there is no lump).
These symptoms may vary, and one may occur without the other. However, if any of these symptoms should occur, it is extremely important for women to see their physician and be adamant regarding their care.
Early detection is most desirable and increases the chance of surviving IBC and undergoing an effective treatment. An individual’s treatment is based on multiple factors, such as the stage of tumor (which is most crucial), age, and overall health history. These factors are all imperative for increasing the chance of surviving IBC. Treatment for IBC usually starts with chemotherapy. Determining the next step depends on how effective the chemotherapy is in reducing the tumor, which may include surgery and/or radiation. Surgery and radiation may be used to target the remaining cancerous cells within the breast and attack possible cancer that spread under the arm. The treatment combination depends on what is best for the patient and the most effective modalities to achieve the best outcome to minimize any further metastasis and eradicate the disease.
To gain a foothold on breast cancer, the lay community must be empowered with knowledge pertaining to IBC, changing the status quo, which means, in this case scenario, start by empowering the lay community with knowledge pertaining to IBC, disseminating more information regarding IBC within the health care system and breast cancer organizations, plus increasing research that may some day develop a screening device for early detection. In the meantime, now is the time to utilize nurses, public health educators, community outreach workers, and those individuals promoting breast cancer awareness to encourage mammography, clinical examinations, and SBE; as well as to promote IBC knowledge in their educational training sessions.
The Office of Rare Diseases considers IBC a rare disease because of the prevalence of fewer than 200,000 affected persons in the United States (Johnson et al., 2006). This may be classified as an official rare disease, but still too many women are currently being affected by IBC, and then there are many other women who are unfamiliar with this disease. Many women are too embarrassed to talk about the abnormal changes affecting their body. This is a disease that has a tendency to affect young children and adults. As Nichini and colleagues (1972) noted many years ago in a reported case of a 12-year-old girl diagnosed with inflammatory carcinoma. As a result, education is certainly needed at a community level for all women. In order to abate breast cancer, it is extremely important to implement more aggressive measures that involve educating women throughout the world about IBC and breast cancer.
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News from the Society for Public Health Education
2006 National Health Education Week Activity Guide 2006 Connects Injury Prevention and Health Education
Celebrate National Health Education Week 2006 during the week of October 16-20. This year's theme - Healthy Kids: Creating Safe Communities and Schools - calls attention to the importance of injury prevention and the important role of the health education professional. Injuries are a major public health problem, and causes can range from falls, burns, fires or motor vehicle crashes to violence via bullying, suicide or homicide. While unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death for those ages 1-44 years old, homicide and suicide are the 2nd and 3rd leading causes of death, respectively, for 15-24 year olds. These deaths are devastating, yet millions of people are treated for non-fatal injuries every year, many of which lead to lifetime disability.
SOPHE is pleased to provide an activity guide for National Health Education Week 2006 that provides an array of tools, promotional ideas and resources. This practical guide was designed to help individuals, organizations, and communities develop campaigns that recognize, promote, and encourage healthy behaviors regardless of the health issue. Join others across the country and participate in preventing childhood injuries and violence! Celebrate National Health Education Week 2006 and help to promote Healthy Kids: Creating Safe Communities and Schools! Visit the SOPHE Web site at http://www.sophe.org/">www.sophe.org to access the National Health Education Week 2006 Activity Guide.
Disparities Focus of SOPHE July-August Journals
On June 30, SOPHE released complementary special theme issues of Health Promotion Practice and Health Education & Behavior, on health disparities. The journals include invited papers and selected proceedings from SOPHE’s inaugural summit, Health Disparities and Social Inequities: Framing a Transdisciplinary Research Agenda in Health Education held in August 2005. A third publication, a supplement to HPP, featured CDC’s Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH 2010) program.
A central theme among authors writing in HEB (August 2006) is that health disparities research defies any single investigative line of inquiry. Rather, a transdisciplinary approach is required whereby multiple disciplines provide the scientific framework for interventions, collaborations, and policies that address the highly complex, interactive factors contributing to health disparities. Other HEB articles explore the need to bridge clinical medicine and public health; data and evaluation gaps in studying various populations and social determinants of health; and issues of culture, gender, and power.
The HEB issue also presents ten new priorities for health education and social sciences research in racial and ethnic health disparities, which were identified at the SOPHE Summit. Topics range from exploring how power operates in different social contexts to affect health disparities, to discovering protective factors that “buffer” disadvantaged populations from certain health problems.
Past and current approaches to health funding, politics and policy are described in SOPHE’s July 2006 issue of HPP on racial and ethnic health disparities. Professionals working on the front lines discuss approaches to improving health literacy, the challenges of engaging communities in social change to eliminate health disparities, and innovative mentoring programs to encourage a more diverse public health workforce.
The HPP journal supplement on CDC’s REACH 2010 program (July 2006) features selected REACH funded-programs with diverse communities throughout the country that have demonstrated impressive results in decreasing health disparities and improving health outcomes. Launched by CDC in 1999, REACH 2010 involves community coalitions in the design, implementation, and evaluation of strategies to address six major areas of health disparities.
Self-Study CHES Credits Available for SOPHE Webinar Series, On the Road from Research to Practice: Eliminating Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
In July-August of this summer more than 175 public health professionals around the country participated in SOPHE’s first Webinar series, On the Road from Research to Practice: Eliminating Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities. Sponsored by SAGE Publications, publisher of SOPHE’s journals, these events showcased articles and issues addressed in the complementary issues of Health Education & Behavior and Health Promotion Practice published in July-August 2006. Recordings of the two-part series are available on the SOPHE Web site and continuing education credits are available for Certified Health Education Specialists who participate in or view both events and submit the necessary paperwork.
The first of the two events, held on July 25 and moderated by Rose Martinez, ScD, of the Institute of Medicine, addressed the Translation and Dissemination of a Health Education Research Agenda. Speakers Collins Airhihenbuwa, PhD, MPH, and David Abrams, PhD, discussed the role of health education research in addressing the complex factors associated with racial and ethnic health disparities; key research questions, recommendations and conclusions that arose out of the 2005 summit; and conceptual and applied models for transdisciplinary research and practice.
Part II, conducted on Aug. 29, focused on Practice Implications for a Health Education Research Agenda. Health disparities expert Thomas LaVeist, PhD, moderated the event as Bonnie Duran, DrPH, Sally Findley, PhD, and Barbara Carlson, MLIS, AHIP, presented successful, applied strategies for community-based work to eliminate health disparities. Dr. Duran provided a framework for understanding the value and challenges in community-based participatory research, followed by Dr. Findley and Ms. Carlson who shared successes and lessons-learned from their respective REACH 2010 projects: to reduce disparities in infant immunization rates among minority populations in Manhattan, New York, and to eliminate health disparities related to diabetes in the Charleston and Georgetown communities of South Carolina.
Complete recordings of both Webinar events are available on the SOPHE Web site – http://www.sophe.org – under Continuing Education > Self-Study, along with copies of the presentation slides. View the recorded webinars to learn how health educators, health researchers, information specialists, health professionals, policy-makers and community members can take ACTION to help eliminate racial and ethnic health disparities. CHES credits are available for Certified Health Education Specialists who participated in or view both Parts I and II; instructions and required paperwork are provided online as well. Other related resources found on the SOPHE website include a link to SOPHE’s July-August special-issue journals and access to several of the featured journal articles.
Your Feedback is Requested
Ethics Surveys for Health Education Practitioners and Faculty
What do health educators think about ethics and their ethical training in health education? How often do they encounter unethical behavior and what do they think should be done about it? What, how, and by whom is ethics taught in contemporary professional preparation programs in health education? SOPHE’s Ethics Committee is seeking insights to these and other questions related to ethical health education practice by launching two online surveys. One survey queries health educators’ professional training in ethics, their experience exposure to unethical behavior, their perceptions concerning sanctions for unethical behavior, and their interest in increased courses or continuing education in ethics. http://www.zoomerang.com/survey.zgi?p=WEB225GGKS6X6C
A second survey invites ONE faculty member from each professional preparation program to answer questions pertaining to how ethics is taught to their graduate and /or undergraduate students, the course instructors’ preparation in ethics, and the perceived need by faculty for more training in this area. http://www.zoomerang.com/survey.zgi?p=WEB225GGNQ6YXQ">http://www.zoomerang.com/survey.zgi?p=WEB225GGNQ6YXQ
Each survey takes approximately 15-20 minutes, is completely confidential, and is open to SOPHE members and non-members alike. Contact Steven Shive at email@example.com with any questions.
Upcoming Meetings, Conferences and Events
Boston Poised to Welcome SOPHE’s 57th Annual Meeting
All health education professionals are cordially invited to attend SOPHE’s 57th Annual Meeting in Boston, Nov. 2-4, 2006 at the Sheraton Boston Hotel.
Don’t miss out on the opportunity to attend one of the premier national health education and behavioral health conferences that will excite, inspire and connect you like never before! Hear from world-class speakers shaping the international agenda, network with health education faculty, practitioners and students, and re-ignite your passion for social change.
Act Now to Take Advantage of These Exciting Opportunities!
w Hear from featured conference presenters including:
· Caron Chess, PhD, Rutgers University Cook College Department of Human Ecology
· Stephen Gambescia, PhD, MBA, MEd, CHES, Drexel University’s College of Nursing and Health Professions, and SOPHE president
· Cheryl Jacques, Esq, Brody, Hardoon, Perkins and Kesten law firm
· John McDonough, DrPH, Health Care for All
· Kenneth Olden, PhD, National Institutes of Environmental Health Sciences
· Peggy Shepard, West Harlem Environmental Action Inc
· Nontombi Naomi-Cecilia Tutu, MA, Office of International Relations and Programs, Tennessee State University
w Pre- and Post-Conference Workshops are available:
· Thursday, Nov. 2:
o Emergency Health Education: Behavioral Interventions in Action
o CDCynergy Social Marketing Edition
o Publish or Perish? Minding Your P’s and Q’s of Publishing
o Improving Health Literacy: Tools for Taking Action
· Saturday, Nov. 4:
o SABPAC Reviewer Training
o Building Advocates of Steel
o Ready, Set, Advocate
w Awards Banquet: Join us for a night of celebration and recognition at the SOPHE Awards Banquet, Saturday, November 4, 7:00 p.m. – 10:00 p.m. at the Joseph Moakley Federal Courthouse. Enjoy stunning views of the Boston harbor over a three-course sit-down dinner and music. A limited number of tickets will be available onsite.
w Special Interest Group/Caucus Roundtables: In Real Time with Real People: Choose from among seven networking sessions on Friday, Nov. 3, of hot topics related to health communications/social marketing, community health, children/school health, medical care/patient education, worksite health, international/cross cultural health or anthropology and public health. Join faculty or student colleagues for the Faculty Caucus and Student Caucus early riser on Saturday, Nov. 4. You won’t want to miss these intimate networking opportunities.
w All Member Town-Hall Business Meeting: Calling All SOPHE Members and interested colleagues to the annual All-Member Business Meeting on Friday, Nov. 3, to learn about SOPHE’s accomplishments, plans for 2007 and provide input for future direction.
w Wellness Challenge: SOPHE is committed to encouraging healthy behaviors at our conferences. Join us in staying fit and active during the conference by participating in the walking tour, aqua aerobics, yoga or various other wellness opportunities. Take time to rejuvenate your mind, body and spirit while in Boston.
w Resource Round-Up Opportunities: The SOPHE Annual Meeting reaches some 500 professionals in the public health education and health promotion field, who specialize in education, communication, prevention, intervention of population-based health issues, and international health. Conference attendees come from a diverse workforce and purchase of all types of health related materials. Contact Carmen Head - firstname.lastname@example.org href="mailto:email@example.com">firstname.lastname@example.org or 202-408-9804 - by Oct. 10, 2006 for further sponsorship information.
Hurry! Final Pre-Registration ends Oct. 10, 2006
Please visit http://www.sophe.org/">www.sophe.org to view the preliminary program or to register online.
Students and New Professionals: Make the Most of this Year’s SOPHE and APHA Meetings with Connections
Planning your meeting schedule is the key to getting the most out of the SOPHE and APHA conferences. For this reason we have prepared a special SOPHE and APHA-PHEHP Section newsletter, Connections, to help you maximize your time and resources. Connections includes special sections on networking and connecting with mentors as well as helpful tips for attending meetings on a budget. The Connections newsletter will offer you useful information and help make your time in Boston more enjoyable, more enlightening and more affordable. Connections is available online at http://www.sophe.org/">www.sophe.org and http://www.jhsph.edu/hao/phehp/">http://www.jhsph.edu/hao/phehp/ .
Save the Date for these Upcoming 2007 Meetings You Won’t Want to Miss!
Pack your bags for these important continuing education and professional development opportunities in 2007!
· 10th Annual Health Education Advocacy Summit
March 3-5, 2007
Hamilton Crowne Plaza
Watch for more details at http://www.healtheducationadvocate.org
· SOPHE and DHPE Midyear Scientific Conference
June 8-10, 2007
On June 8-10, 2007, SOPHE will collaborate with the Directors of Health Promotion and Education to sponsor the Midyear Scientific Conference at the Renaissance Hotel in Seattle. Volunteers who would like to assist in shaping this premier west coast conference should contact SOPHE Trustee, Hector Balcazar at email@example.com.
· XIXth World Congress on Health Promotion and Education
June 10-15, 2007
The SOPHE/DHPE Midyear Scientific Conference will be held immediately prior to the XIXth World Congress on Health Promotion and Education, “Health Promotion Comes of Age: Research, Policy & Practice for the 21st Century,” June 10-15, 2007 in Vancouver, Canada. This is the first IUHPE World Congress in North America in more than 25 years! SOPHE will provide transportation from Seattle to Vancouver to participate in the Congress, expected to draw some 4,000 health educators worldwide. As a cosponsor, SOPHE members will be able to register for the International Union for Health Promotion and Education (IUHPE) meeting at the reduced member rate and will receive a one-year free IUHPE membership.
Whether or not you are involved in international health, this is an event NOT TO BE MISSED! Join with your colleagues from around the globe in exploring the latest research and practice in health promotion. For more information, see http://iuhpeconference.org.
Become a SOPHE Member in 2006
Join SOPHE Today!
How have you invested in your own professional development this year? Has your SOPHE membership lapsed or expired? Have you considered SOPHE membership before, but not followed through? As the only professional organization devoted exclusively to public health education and health promotion, SOPHE’s mission is to provide leadership to the profession of health education and health promotion to contribute to the health of all people through advances in health education theory and research, excellence in health education practice, and the promotion of public policies conducive to health.
ALL SOPHE Memberships include:
- Print and online subscriptions to SOPHE’s bimonthly journal, Health Education & Behavior, and SOPHE’s quarterly journal, Health Promotion Practice, including access to articles that have been accepted but not yet published in the journals.
- “News & Views,” SOPHE’s bimonthly newsletter.
- Weekly e-bulletin, “News U Can Use.”
- Special Interest Groups (SIG) and Caucuses for Networking.
- Membership, SIG, and Committee Listservs.
- Access to our Online Membership Directory and advanced, NEW! Members-Only Web site features.
- Discounted SOPHE publications and products.
- Discounted fees for CHES credits.
- Discounted fees for SOPHE’s midyear and annual meetings.
- And Much More!
Visit us online at http://www.sophe.org or call (202) 408-9804 for your membership application. The SOPHE family has a place for you!
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Seventh Annual Study Abroad Program in International Health
The Seventh Annual Study Abroad Program in International Health
– June 1 to July 9, 2007 - is limited to 18 students and is taught in English.
Previous years have included seminars at international and European organizations such as:
1) The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria.
2) Doctors without Borders.
3) U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees.
4) The World Health Organization.
5) International Labor Organization.
6) International Telecommunications Union.
7) Centre Régional d’Information et de Prévention du SIDA.
8) The International Union for Health Promotion and Education.
9) The United Nations Headquarters.
For an application and cost information:
<http://www.units.muohio.edu/eap/phs/> Click on “Other Resources” then on “Study Abroad” and then download application.
For more information contact: Reginald Fennell, PhD, CHES – Director Study Abroad Program in International Health Professor of Health Education 107A Phillips Hall (513) 529-3226 (office) firstname.lastname@example.org (e-mail).
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Attend the PHEHP Social and Win Big!
In an effort to try to encourage student involvement in PHEHP, we will be raffling off two free, 2007 meeting registrations! One registration will go to a student member in attendance and the other will be given to a regular member who brings a student to the social. Students can also earn a free non-alcoholic drink coupon by chatting with a member of the section’s leadership. So round up your students and come to the PHEHP social. Your next meeting registration may be on us!
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Election Night Party
APHA Action Board & the Student Assembly
invite you to
Election Cocktail Night Party
Tuesday, Nov. 7
Hyatt Regency Boston
Lobby Bar & Lounge
One Avenue De Lafayette
See attached flier for more informationRelated Files:Election Night Party
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Public Health Education and Health Promotion Newsletter Archives