Occupational Health and Safety
OHS Section Chair
Celeste Monforton, MPH, DrPH
Dept of Environmental & Occupational Health
School of Public Health & Health Services
The George Washington University
2100 M Street NW, Ste 203
Washington, DC 20037
(202) 994-0774 (phone)
(202) 994-2102 (fax)
OHS Section Newsletter Editor
Ingrid A. Denis, MA
Association of Occupational & Environmental Clinics (AOEC)
1010 Vermont Ave., NW Ste. 513
Washington, DC 20005
Celeste Monforton, MPH, DrPH
Dear OHS Section Members:
It's been nearly five months since the Obama administration took office, and although the president has not yet nominated individuals to lead OSHA and MSHA, I am hopeful and excited for a progressive worker health and safety agenda. The OHS Section can take pride that one of our own, Jordan Barab (a 17-year member of the OHS Section) is the acting head of OSHA. His tenure started in mid-April, just in time for a group of worker health and safety proponents to land (literally) at his door, to mark Worker Memorial Day on the front steps of the Department of Labor building.
Our morning rally, sponsored by the National Council for Occupational Safety and Health, [http://www.coshnetwork.org/] United Support and Memorial for Workplace Fatalities [http://www.usmwf.org/] and the OHS Section, was followed by two congressional hearings on worker health and safety topics, one on OSHA penalties and the other on family-member rights in fatality and catastrophe investigations. OHS Section members were well-represented at the witness tables at both hearings: Peg Seminario (a member since 1977!), Jim Frederick, and myself.
In February, Mike Wright (another OHS Section member) testified at a hearing on the Toxic Substances Control Act, reminding members of Congress that any discussion on chemicals policy must consider workers' exposure. Wright testified: Workers "…are the first to be exposed, and usually the highest exposed are the workers who produce them and incorporate them into products. Most epidemiology regarding toxic substances uses cohorts of workers -- in other words, it's workers' bodies that get counted in these retrospective human experiments." Wright relayed vitally important information to the Committee -- information that many workers and their advocates know, but few others realize "OSHA requires labels and written information sheets for workplace chemicals, but they frequently contain almost no useful information beyond acute toxicity -- nothing at all about long-term effects, because those chemicals have never been tested."
It's inspiring and motivating to see new policy discussion on health and safety, with OHS Section members at table promoting and defending workers' rights and health.
Turning to a few items of Section business, we received a request from the International Health Section (IHS) for a liaison from our Section. IHS is seeking a person from OHS to foster "more active exchange of ideas and strategies," including "development of resolutions pertaining to global health issues, joint plenary sessions at the annual meeting, co-hosting social hours, and encouraging secondary Section membership." If you are interested in serving for at least one year as the OHS Section liaison to the International Health Section, please send me an e-mail: email@example.com.
Since 2005, Ingrid Denis, MA, has done a yeoman's job as our Section's newsletter editor. Without any complaint (and not enough appreciation), Ingrid prepared much of the content for the Section newsletter, mastered electronic challenges, and offered us a professional and informative newsletter several times a year. Ingrid went above and beyond the call of duty, volunteering year after year for the newsletter editor assignment. Speaking on behalf of the past Section chairs who had the pleasure of working with Ingrid, we never had to worry about getting out the Section newsletter because Ingrid always had it under control. We say BRAVO and THANK YOU.
Needless to say, the Section needs a new volunteer to serve as our newsletter editor. Would you consider taking on this responsibility for a one-year term beginning in November 2009? You will be supported with content from the Section Counselors and Section chair, and provided training on how to use the APHA electronic newsletter system. If you would consider volunteering your time to this vital Section duty, or splitting the duties with another Section member, please send me an e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
I'd like to offer an additional note of thanks to the OHS Section members who responded to our call for donations to the James Keogh Scholarship Fund. These funds allow us to support a few deserving students and workers involved in H&S at the Annual Meeting, paying their registration fee, offering a modest ($300) stipend and purchasing a one-year membership for them. For the period beginning Jan. 1, 2009 through May 30, 2009, the following OHS Section members sent donations to APHA to support the James Keogh Scholarship Fund:
If you are able to make a tax-deductible donation of $20, $50, $100 or more, please send a check payable to APHA-Jim Keogh Scholarship, and include "Account # 328066-OHS Section" on the check. Mail your contributions to APHA, Attention: Natasha Williams, 800 I Street, NW, Washington, DC 20001.
APHA Annual Meeting (November 2009)
It's time to begin your travel planning to attend the Annual Meeting in Philadelphia. On Saturday, Nov. 7, an alliance of worker health and safety advocates is hosting the 2009 National Worker Safety and Health Summit, under the theme "A New Era for Safety and Health Activism." This pre-APHA meeting will bring together activists from labor, public and environmental health, family rights, immigrant rights, and the COSH groups to strategize about our fight for improved H&S for all workers. The Summit will provide an exciting opportunity to exchange ideas and build energy to jump-start the APHA meeting, which runs from Nov. 8-11 in the Pennsylvania Convention Center.
As is our tradition, the OHS Section will kick off the Annual Meeting on Sunday, Nov. 8 with our 8:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. Section Meeting. Later in the day, we will offer four fabulous poster sessions and a Section orientation for new (and old) members, and will be ready to defend our proposed policy resolutions from 3:30 p.m. - 6:00 p.m. during the public hearings. The resolutions drafted by OHS Section members cover three issues: asbestos, workers' compensation, and immigrants and the U.S. border.
For the third year in a row, our scientific program will offer the Occupational Health Disparities Institute (OHDI), a series of sessions with public health research and practice themes involving vulnerable or hard to reach populations of workers and the hazards they face. Over the three days of scientific sessions, the OHDI will feature six unique sessions, with topics ranging from defining disparities, community-based participatory research, and interventions, and providing insight into the OHS experiences of farm workers, construction workers, and low-income health care providers. The OHS Section's scientific program will also feature three "Blue-Green" sessions examining the synergy between jobs, health and safety and environmental protection.
Our infamous and fabulous OHS Section Awards luncheon is scheduled for Tuesday, Nov. 10 in the Convention Center, with our annual party taking place that evening.
Finally, the editors of the journal New Solutions have made a generous offer for presenters at the OHS Section's scientific program: they encourage you to submit your presented research as a paper for publication in the journal. New Solutions is one of the few journals entirely devoted to occupational and environmental health policy. All the journal's editors are long-time members of the APHA OHS Section.
Wishing you a healthy and happy summer, and hoping to see you in Philadelphia.
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APHA 2009 in Philadelphia
The APHA Occupational Health and Safety Meeting in Philadelphia is more than a great scientific meeting - it's a community of professions changing the world of health and safety.
This scientific health and safety meeting is different, and here's why:
· The Section is a diverse group of dedicated professionals who come from medical, educational, industrial hygiene, safety, legal backgrounds working in public sector, private and educational settings. Join the OHS Section today!
· There are engaging membership meetings to discuss the plan for H&S activism during the year
· The program includes great social events: Social Hour-Sunday at 5:30 p.m., Awards Luncheon-Tuesday at noon, and a Party-Tuesday night at 7:30 p.m. So join our community and celebrate the work we are engaged in to make workplaces safer and healthier for everyone. The Section awards OHS professionals every year who have achieved accomplishments in their field.
· The full schedule of scientific sessions integrates science and the application of science to today's workplaces. Here is a sample of the sessions scheduled for the Philly meeting [the complete draft program will on our Web site soon]:
o Blue- Green Alliances [Three separate sessions]
o Occupational Health Disparities Institute: Addressing Issues of Minority and Immigrant Workers
o 9/11 Workers and Health Effects in the Aftermath
o International Occupational Safety and Health Topics
o The Future of Occupational Safety and Health; A Conversation with Leadership
o Health and Safety in Construction Work
This is just a small sampling. Overall, there are over 180 papers and reports that cover all aspects of occupational health and safety. And the presenters come from diverse roles of occupational health and safety professions - students, public sector, governmental and private industry.
We believe this can be an historic time to be making a difference in Workplace Health and Safety.
Be a part of THIS Movement by coming to the APHA Annual Meeting in Philadelphia Nov. 7-11 2009. Come join us in our effort to make work safe for all workers!
Make sure you join the OHS Section today by visiting www.apha.org!
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Teens Use Video to Speak Out for Safety
What would you put in a 30-second video to get teens thinking about job safety and job rights? That's what student contestants in California's Safe Jobs for Youth Month Video PSA contest had to think about this year. The contest, now in its third year, is coordinated by U.C. Berkeley's Labor Occupational Health Program on behalf of the California Partnership for Young Worker Health and Safety. This statewide coalition of government agencies and educator, parent, labor, and employer organizations works together to find ways to keep California's working teens safe on the job.
Students throughout California were invited to develop a 30-second video that promotes young worker health and safety, through a mailing to California's 1,000 high schools. Participants were given ideas for key messages: "Make sure you know your rights on the job." "Learn to recognize hazards, and speak up when you see something wrong." "If you don't know how to do the job, ask for help." "Employers are responsible for providing a safety workplace, and safety training." Thirty-two students or teams of students submitted entries to the contest; the top 12 entries were shown in several high school classrooms, and based on student input from these classes, three winners were selected. Students liked the PSAs that felt very professional, were funny, but still had a sense of teen voice -- all of which the winning PSA achieved, through a combination of animation and teen spokespeople. The winning PSA will be shown in movie theaters in several media markets, funded by the California Department of Industrial Relations. All of the winners also received cash prizes. The contest itself was funded by the California Commission on Health and Safety and Workers' Compensation. To view the winning videos, go to: www.youngworkers.org.
The Oregon Young Worker Coalition for Health and Safety also sponsored a Video PSA contest this year, based on California's model. To view their winning PSAs, go to http://www.orosha.org/psacontest/.
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OHS Book Corner
Environmental Unions: Labor and the Superfund
by Craig Slatin, was released this winter. Published by Baywood Publishing as part of its Work, Health and Environment Series, the book provides a historical analysis of the U.S. Superfund Worker Training Program, a 22 year national worker health education intervention.
The book starts with an exploration of how organized labor came to establish a highly successful health and safety training program for workers engaged in hazardous waste operations and emergency response to hazardous materials incidents. In response to a fledgling hazardous waste management industry, in 1979, labor unions began to seek federal health and safety protections for workers in that industry and for firefighters who responded to hazardous materials fires. In 1986, those efforts led to a worker health and safety section in an environmental law - the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986. The legislation mandated hazardous waste operations and emergency response worker protection regulation and the establishment of a national health and safety training grant program - which became the Worker Education and Training Program (WETP) at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS).
Environmental Unions provides a history of a key health and safety success labor achieved on the coattails of the environmental movement and in the middle of a rightward shift in American politics. The book explores how the NIEHS Worker Education and Training Program established a national worker training effort across multiple industrial sectors. A case study of the NIEHS effort details the measures taken to build on what was learned from the OSHA New Directions program. Slatin explores the challenges of building a successful program, conflicts that arose between awardees, and how these were resolved. Two more case studies present the health and safety training programs of two labor unions in the WETP - the Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers (which has since merged into the United Steel Workers Union) and the Laborers' Union. Despite different histories and sectors, we are shown how the political economy of the work environment led to unexpected similarities between the programs.
Slatin's analysis calls for a critical survey of the social and political tasks facing those concerned about worker and community health and environmental protection in order to make a transition toward just and sustainable production. Based on empirical evidence, the book provides examples that can inform new efforts to create a green economy and make a transition toward sustainable development built on a foundation of public health.
Environmental Unions presents the story of what essentially was the first national green jobs program - a health and safety training program for workers engaged in work that involves hazardous waste, its remediation, treatment, storage, and disposal, and/or emergency response actions for hazardous materials incidents. In the mid-1980s and 1990s, cleaning up the hazardous waste crisis was our national emphasis on greening industrial production and the environment. Now, finally in a period with greater national focus on greening energy production and consumption to prevent the worst potential impacts of global warming, our national attention may be shifted away from greening that involves remediating hazardous waste sites and establishing clean production. Environmental Unions can help the occupational health and safety and labor movements to focus on both aspects of greening work and life on our planet and putting worker health and safety as a central aspect of creating green jobs.
Environmental Unions: Labor and the Superfund can be ordered from the publisher at the following link:
http://baywood.com/books/previewbook.asp?id=978-0-89503-389-5It is also available through Amazon.com.
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150 Years after London's Broad Street Disaster, Cholera Still Kills
Students in the course "Health and the Environment" at the George Washington University's School of Public Health (GWUSPH) are asked to read a book on an environmental health topic and assess it in terms of a study in the peer-reviewed literature. One student, Cara Sumi, read Steven Johnson's bestseller , The Ghost Map: The Story of London's Most Terrifying Epidemic-and How It Changed Science, Cities, and the Modern World (Penguin Group, 2006) and enhanced her understanding of modern-day cholera outbreaks by reviewing Shultz and colleague's article "Cholera outbreak in Kenyan refugee camp: risk factors for illness and importance of sanitation," published in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine (2009;80(4):640-5). Her synopsis of Ghost Map and comparison to the 2009 journal article appears below. Cara Sumi just completed her Bachelor's of Science in public health and minor in international affairs at the GWUSPH. She currently is interning at USAID in the Africa Bureau with the Health Team and will eventually pursue a Master's degree with a focus on global health.
The book, The Ghost Map: The Story of London's Most Terrifying Epidemic-and How It Changed Science, Cities, and the Modern World by Steven Johnson tells the story of the London cholera epidemic in 1854 from the perspective of individuals who were succumbing to the disease, the community affected, and the city of London as a whole. Johnson shows how a single pump, mixed with deplorable sewage and waste infrastructure, brought about a deadly epidemic. Johnson also tells the story of Henry Whitehead and John Snow who both, coming from completely different backgrounds, tried to combat the epidemic, quell the fears of a community, and explain how cholera was being transmitted. This was not an easy task considering the medical establishment blamed "miasma," or bad air and smells, instead of relying on scientific evidence that came from Dr. Snow. Johnson details how Snow's perseverance led him to bring epidemiology, and not superstitions, into the forefront of public health.
One of the main purposes for Johnson writing this book was to describe how London, as a modern, growing city, became so vulnerable to a cholera epidemic, and almost any infectious disease for that matter. He lays out the negative, but also highlights positive, ramifications of rising population density, cultural convergences, and urbanization. He stresses lessons to be learned about taking science into consideration when organizing cities in order to prevent conditions from compromising a population's health. Finally, Johnson aims to put the London cholera outbreak in a historical context so the public can see a prime example of how the scientific community learned about the emergence of diseases, theories of disease transmission, and the organization of public health infrastructure.
The obvious environmental health issue addressed in The Ghost Map is the disease cholera, otherwise known as the bacterium, Vibrio cholera. Cholera is an infectious disease spread through ingesting contaminated food, liquid, or ingesting the bacteria through other means. Having the bacteria and then spreading it through excrement is the main hazard that puts populations at risk for the disease. Cholera is most often spread through feces entering a public water source and then people using the contaminated water for drinking, washing, or preparing food. Water is most likely to be contaminated when waste and garbage disposal is inadequate, when people live in crowded living situations, or when sewage systems are not functional, properly built to handle large populations, or not maintained.
In the case of London in the 1800s, the waste disposal systems were either completely nonexistent or not able to handle the amount of use the bourgeoning population of the city demanded. There was also no water treatment system or reliable way to get clean, fresh water. The living conditions in the city especially lacked cleanliness and order for the urban poor. They would most often dump human waste into huge cesspools (that were not regularly emptied) or right onto the street or other people's property. People also lived in very tight quarters, an easy breeding ground for infectious diseases.
The source of the particular cholera outbreak that occurred late into the summer of 1854 is thought to have been originally caused by the disposal of a diaper of a baby who was sick with the disease, leading the Broad Street well to become contaminated with the bacteria. When people got water from the pump and then drank it, or washed food in the water, they were exposed to the bacteria and at risk for developing the disease and further spreading it to others.
The consequences of cholera are downright scary. First off, at the time of the London outbreak, hardly anything was known about how to treat or cure the disease, so it had high mortality and case-fatality rates. It was also a quick killer; once you were exposed it could be just a day or two before you succumbed to the disease. The main symptoms of cholera are a stomach ache, frequent and debilitating diarrhea, vomiting, cramping, and thirst. Your body shuts down from dehydration, you become cyanotic, and then you die if not treated properly.
Johnson used many different sources for writing The Ghost Map. Most were historical backgrounds and writings on London during the time of the epidemic, biographies and other information about John Snow's work and the life of Reverend Whitehead, and information about this, and other cholera outbreaks. This was all supplemented by primary documents of the times, particularly some by famous authors who lived in or visited the city, but also first-hand accounts of the actual epidemic. These primary documents included writings by Charles Dickens, George Eliot, Stephen Gould, and Jane Jacobs.
By no means is cholera a disease of the past. A study published in April 2009 in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene describes a retrospective case-control study of a cholera outbreak in 2005 in a refugee camp in Kenya. [See: Shultz A, Omollo JO, Burke H, et al. Cholera outbreak in Kenyan refugee camp: risk factors for illness and importance of sanitation. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009;80(4):640-5. Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19346392?ordinalpos=1&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSum
The purpose of the study was to identify what the risk factors for contracting cholera were and how, in the future, interventions might be used to prevent and treat the disease. Shultz and colleagues describe why inhabitants of refugee camps are extremely vulnerable to diseases like cholera because of the unstable and temporary nature of the living conditions. The researchers found that being a recent arrival to the camp was associated with a significantly higher risk of being infected compared to residents who had been there for longer periods of time. Those residents who shared a latrine with three or more other households were also at a higher risk. The study also showed that protective factors included storing water in the home and sealing or covering it while not in use and using soap during hand washing. The study concluded that improving sanitation, applying interventions to protect drinking water, and targeting prevention messages to newcomers to the camps would be the most effective in preventing future cholera outbreaks.
After reading both The Ghost Map and this case-control study on a cholera outbreak in a Kenyan refugee camp, my view of the disease has definitely changed. First of all, the main -- and most shocking -- difference between the setting of the disease in the book and in the study is time. The events in The Ghost Map took place about 150 years ago; the outbreak studied in this article took place in 2005. This is especially noteworthy because part of the point of the book was that because of the 1854 outbreak in London, the epidemiological pattern of cholera was identified and elsewhere around the same time, the bacteriological cause was also uncovered. Once John Snow mapped his 'ghost map' and the Broad Street Pump was shut down, the mystery of cholera was all but solved. Yet centuries later the disease, with the same horrible symptoms, is still a killer.
The difference now is who is affected. Cholera outbreaks are no longer studied in London or pretty much anywhere else in the developed world. The cholera that you hear and read about is in the developing world. It is affecting largely the same vulnerable populations -- the poor, urban dwellers -- and the same risk factors are the culprit -- lack of sanitation systems and waste disposal, and crowded living conditions -- but these conditions tend to exist only in the 'third world'. This study in particular looked at a very vulnerable population even within a developing population. I would imagine that the squalor described in The Ghost Map of London during the 19th century is not unlike what refugee and internally displaced persons camps in Africa are like; all conditions which are perfectly ripe for spreading cholera. The only problem with this reasoning is that even though the conditions are perfect for cholera (which is a problem in itself), the scientific and public health communities now know how exactly cholera works, how it is transmitted, and spread, and how it can be treated or how it kills. With this knowledge, one would think that cholera outbreaks, like the one in the study in Kenya, or in Zimbabwe, should be more easily prevented or at least controlled. I applaud the article for not just identifying risk factors for contracting cholera in this refugee camp, but also for making recommendations for interventions about how to prevent future outbreaks and how to apply what was learned in the study to other similar sets of circumstances and living situations.
What struck me most about comparing the two articles was that it doesn't matter what century you contract cholera in, it will still be a horrendous disease -- time hasn't changed that. The cholera bacteria is just as deadly if not treated now as it was in London in 1854, and when outbreaks occur today in developing countries, the lack of health care infrastructure makes finding a cure or treatment just as difficult as it was back then when none was known. Symptoms described in the study such as water diarrhea were also the symptoms that Reverend Whitehead and John Snow saw consume citizens in the Golden Square community of London.
The lessons that Johnson tries to get across in The Ghost Map about organizing cities, controlling population and urbanization, taking scientific evidence into account, and using reason as a preventive measure need to be heeded more in current times. If John Snow were alive today he would surely say that the first problem that needs to be tackled in developing countries is constructing proper water and sanitation systems and making sure people have uncontaminated water sources to drink and eat and that human waste is dealt with properly. Although this is a daunting task considering the infrastructure and resource situation in most of the developing world, having safe drinking water and a sewage and waste disposal system would not only prevent cholera outbreaks, but also improve the living situations for millions of people.
Although there are clear differences between the story by Johnson in The Ghost Map and the situation in Kenya researched in the study I read, the disease is the same, the symptoms are the same, and the effects are just as devastating. The knowledge we have gained about cholera, starting with John Snow and continuing for the next 150 years, should be more rigorously applied to preventing outbreaks from occurring anywhere in the world today.
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Annual Hazardous Waste Refreshers (Seattle), July 13. Northwest Center for Occupational Health & Safety. For more information, visit: http://depts.washington.edu/ehce/NWcenter/schedule.html.
Annual Hazardous Waste Refreshers (Olympia, Wash.), July 15. Northwest Center for Occupational Health & Safety. For more information, visit: http://depts.washington.edu/ehce/NWcenter/schedule.html.
Annual Hazardous Waste Refreshers (Seattle), July 16. Northwest Center for Occupational Health & Safety. For more information, visit: http://depts.washington.edu/ehce/NWcenter/schedule.html.
DOT Hazardous Materials Transportation (Seattle), July 14. Northwest Center for Occupational Health & Safety. For more information, visit: http://depts.washington.edu/ehce/NWcenter/schedule.html.
4th International Conference on Nanotechnology - Occupational and Environmental Health (NanOEH2009). 26-29 August 2009, Paasitorni, Helsinki, Finland; www.ttl.fi/nanoeh2009. The Conference is organized by the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health in collaboration with Tekes - the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation; the VTT Research Centre of Finland; the University of Kuopio; and the University of Helsinki, and a group of European occupational health and safety organizations.
Hazardous Materials Requirements Of The Building, Fire, And Mechanical Codes (Redmond, Wash.), August 11-13. Northwest Center for Occupational Health & Safety. For more information, visit: http://depts.washington.edu/ehce/NWcenter/schedule.html.
In-Place Filter Testing Workshop, August 17-21, 2009, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston. For additional information on the program visit: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/ccpe/programs/IPFT.html
Ergonomics and Human Factors: Strategic Solutions for Workplace Safety and Health, Sept. 21-24, 2009, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston. For more information on the program please visit: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/ccpe/programs/EHF.html
Systems of Safety and Human Performance: Injury Prevention for the
21st Century (Tacoma, Wash.), Oct. 6. Northwest Center for Occupational Health & Safety. For more information, visit: http://depts.washington.edu/ehce/NWcenter/schedule.html.
58th Annual Governor's Industrial Safety and Health Conference (Tacoma), Oct. 7-8. For more information, call (888) 451-2004 or visit the Conference Overview Web site at http://www.wagovconf.org/overview.htm.
Occupational Health Policy: Global Issues, Local Solutions (Vancouver, BC), Oct. 8. Northwest Center for Occupational Health & Safety. For more information, visit: http://depts.washington.edu/ehce/NWcenter/schedule.html.
The 17th International Congress in Agricultural Medicine and Rural Health: "From Theory to Practice: Occupational Health and Safety for Rural Populations" will take place in Cartagena de India, DT, Colombia from Oct. 13-16, 2009. The deadline for submission of abstracts has been extended to July 1, 2009, the same date that early bird payment ends. The conference Web page (in English) is http://www.ruralhealth-colombia.com/eng/
National Environmental Public Health Conference. www.team-psa,com/2009nephc. Atlanta, Oct. 26-28, 2009.
State Physician Epidemiologist. New Hampshire Department of Health & Human Services, Division of Public Health Services, Concord, New Hampshire.
The State of New Hampshire is seeking a Physician Epidemiologist for the Division of Public Health Services (DPHS).This position is directly responsible for all medical, programmatic, health data collection and assessment, and financial activities for the Bureau of Disease Control, with a total of eighty staff members. The Physician Epidemiologist will report to the Director of the Division of Public Health Services and exercise direct responsibility for the following program areas: communicable disease control, communicable disease surveillance, Immunizations, HIV/STD prevention and food protection. The State Physician Epidemiologist will develop and maintain an innovative, integrated system of disease control that serves the needs of medical providers, policymakers and the citizens of the state. Requirements: A degree in medicine from an accredited school of medicine or school of osteopathy, along with a graduate level of training in epidemiology, Preventive Medicine or Infectious Diseases. A degree program such as an MPH or extended epidemiological experience as exemplified by an EIS fellowship is preferred. Experience in public health management or equivalent field with demonstrated ability for management and supervision is also required. The State Epidemiologist must be eligible for and hold a valid New Hampshire medical license. License application may be initiated following selection.
For further information, please contact Alice Leeming at Alice.email@example.com.
University of Utah -- Industrial Hygiene
The Rocky Mountain Center for Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Utah, seeks qualified applicants for a dynamic Industrial Hygiene tenure track appointment. Position will have significant responsibilities in areas of research, teaching, and administration. Faculty will be involved with student guidance on how to complete a Master of Science in Occupational Health curriculum for either the IH or HSAT programs. Faculty rank and remuneration commensurate with prior experience. Successful candidates for the position must have Doctorate degree in industrial hygiene or a closely allied field. CIH is desirable. Send Curriculum Vitae and references to: Rod R. Larson, PhD, CIH, Director, Industrial Hygiene, RMCOEH, University of Utah, 391 Chipeta Way, Suite C, Salt Lake City, UT 84108
Applicant Screening will begin immediately and continue until the position if filled. University of Utah is an EEO/AA Employer and encourages applicants from women and minorities.
West Virginia University – Faculty Positions
West Virginia University (WVU) seeks applicants for up to three full-time tenure-track faculty positions (open rank), to participate in the expansion of a multidisciplinary injury research program. The successful candidates will serve as Core Faculty of the WVU Injury Control Research Center (ICRC) – one of thirteen CDC-funded injury centers nationwide. The ICRC is located within the School of Medicine at the Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences Center, in Morgantown, West Virginia.
This recruitment is intended to expand the depth of the ICRC and also fit within the WVU Health Sciences Center’s Strategic Research Plan, which provides guidance for biomedical, public health and translational clinical research consistent with the NIH Roadmap. ICRC faculty will also participate in a recently established Clinical and Translational Science Institute. While candidates from any background relevant to the science of injury control are encouraged to apply, we seek to align these recruitments with specific population health needs in West Virginia, with emphasis on injury among the elderly population, neurological trauma, and prescription drug abuse/poisonings.
Applicants for these positions should possess a terminal degree and have academic preparation/expertise in one or more of the following: epidemiology, biostatistics, social and behavioral sciences, population health, health services research, acute injury care, or translation/dissemination research. Candidates should be able to collaborate with multidisciplinary research teams of basic, clinical, and applied researchers, and also develop their own program of funded research.
Candidates should have a record of, or significant promise for, excellence in research and teaching in relevant areas, as well as peer-reviewed publications. Experience and participation in NIH or other federally-funded research is an advantage. Primary responsibilities will be to develop and maintain an independently funded research portfolio that is consistent with the objectives of the ICRC. All new hires are expected to achieve NIH or comparable competitive extramural funding within four years. A variety of support mechanisms are in place to help achieve this goal, including involvement in our current and future Center grant activities. Graduate teaching and mentorship is expected, and excellent communication skills are important. Each new position comes with a competitive salary and start-up package. A faculty appointment in an appropriate department within the WVU Health Sciences Center will be provided, commensurate with the individual’s background and experience.
Interested candidates should submit a cover letter describing their research and teaching experience, listing of contact information for three references, and curriculum vitae to Jeffrey H. Coben, MD, Director, WVU Injury Control Research Center, Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences Center, PO Box 9151, Morgantown, WV 26506-9151 or submit by e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org and cc: email@example.com. The search will remain active until the positions are filled. WVU is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer
Public Health CareerMart -- More Than 1,000 jobs listed!
APHA has created the Public Health CareerMart to be the online career resource center in the field of public health. Here, you'll find only qualified, industry professionals.
Job seekers, instead of searching through hundreds of sites looking for the perfect jobs in public health, you will find it all at the Public Health CareerMart Career Development Center at www.apha.org/about/careers.
Employers, instead of being inundated with stacks of unrelated, irrelevant resumes, you're much more likely to find the candidates with the skills and experience you're looking for -- and spend less time doing it! After all, where better to find the best public health professionals than the association that represents them?
Public Health CareerMart is a member of the National Healthcare Career Network.
Call for Papers: School Health and Environment
The editorial board of New Solutions: A Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy is planning a special issue devoted to school health and environment.
The shift of focus in the economies of many industrialized nations from manufacturing to services has brought with it some measure of attention to the health and safety problems of workers in the service industries. The rise of community environmental groups and concerns about environmental justice have also posed questions about the hazards (and greening) of key community institutions, like hospitals and, sometimes, schools.
Schools are central to the life of every community. Yet the school environment and its effects on teachers, staff and children have not been adequately addressed. For instance, since the late 1980s there has been federal legislation concerned with managing asbestos problems in public schools -- yet there has not been a peer-reviewed evaluation of the efficacy of such legislation since 1991. There has been increasing attention to school safety issues and bullying in recent years, but psycho-social stress in schools is not a priority research area. In Massachusetts, environmental criteria now are being employed to evaluate the desirability of a state subsidy for the new construction or major renovation of schools, but there has been little discussion of the serious deterioration of the physical plant for education.
We believe that inadequate attention has been paid to school environments and important issues concerning the siting of schools, indoor air quality, the safety of school drinking water, the efficacy of restrictions on pesticide use, and now the problem of toxic cleaners. Further, teachers are more likely to be union members than workers in many other service and manufacturing industries. We believe that the politics and economics of the education environment have not been thoroughly discussed in the occupational and environmental health policy literature.
We welcome submission of papers concerning any of the above topics, or more generally with evaluating existing laws and regulations, including the USEPA exercise in voluntary self-regulation, "Tools for Schools." This issue will be published in collaboration with the Boston University Superfund Basic Research Program's Outreach Core, funded by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Additional sponsorship is welcome.
Send inquiries to Charles Levenstein at firstname.lastname@example.org or Madeleine Scammell at email@example.com.
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Word limit: 9,000
Deadline: August 1, 2009.
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