International Health
Section Newsletter
Spring 2010

Greetings from the Chair

This has been a year of changes. Perhaps the ancient goddess of change, Iris, has been looking over our shoulder. We have had losses, most recently the father of us all in community public health, Dr. Carl Taylor, to whose memory this issue is dedicated. We have lost a pioneer in clinical support for breastfeeding and in international human milk banking, Mary Rose Tully, MPH, RLC, a personal loss for me and many others who have one foot in MCH and the other in IH. And we have also lost far too many others who have dedicated their lives to the betterment of humankind.

And we have gained. As a Section, our membership is stable to growing in a year that most Sections diminished, with primary and secondary members’ levels staying apace or ahead of other Sections. Rose and Helene are staying on top of losses and gains with personal notes. As a result of our growth, we will have an additional seat and vote in the Governing Council of APHA. We hope to turn around the candidacy of our hero, Maggie Huff-Rouselle, and seat her on the Executive Board in the next year - but we all must pull together on this: Tell other Sections, tell your state affiliate.

Our sessions, including our pre-session event, were very well attended, and CCIH is growing. Our coordination with MCH, Food and Nutrition, and Environment are growing stronger, along with our longtime friends in Reproductive Health. We initiated a mini-survey/questionnaire to membership for their inputs, with very positive feedback. Gopal's new concept for a greeting booth for international visitors at the Annual Meeting was a big hit, and, with a new staff member at our side, Jirair and his Policy and Advocacy Committee are making real strides in influencing not only APHA policy, but also U.S. policy on international health issues.

And some old stories may be rewritten this year. Rose and Curtiss may yet leverage a membership approach that honors both the IH Section and the Global Health Council for their complementary contributions. In addition, I hope that we will complete our work toward the development of a Strategic Plan with a five-year approach, to create sustainable action.

Further, while we have struggled to find active members in our Section that are in the US often enough to serve in leadership positions, we are taking the plunge this year with term limits. So, please, join and become active in a committee, and who knows, you may be wielding power in the near future!!

As with any dynamic organization, we need your skills and time as well. In particular, right now we need individuals with requisite skills to take on event management and strategic planning leadership position. Please contact me or Carol Dabbs if you have interest in either.

Once again, on behalf of the elected leadership of our IH Section, I thank you for all each of you is doing and will do to support the health and wellbeing of our sisters and brothers worldwide.

Miriam, with Malcolm
Chair and Chair-Elect
--Miriam Labbok, MD, MPH, Chair IH Section, Telephone: (919) 966-0928; Fax: (919) 966-0458; E-mail:
labbok@unc.edu; Malcolm Bryant, Chair-Elect (2010) bryantm@bu.edu 

From the Editor

It is again a pleasure to present the spring issue of the APHA-IH Section Newsletter.

We hope you enjoy reading the material contained in this issue, and that in doing so you consider authoring or co-authoring future pieces for inclusion in the Newsletter. We do encourage you to write about your innovative ideas and especially about your International and Global Health experiences, which will certainly enrich us all both at the professional and personal levels. The APHA-IH Section Newsletter is a great platform to present our experiences addressing and tackling international and global health issues, as well as to present innovative ideas to better the health and quality of life worldwide.

The IH Section Newsletter is published twice a year.  The deadline for the Fall Issue is August 15 and for the Spring Issue is April 15. Submissions should be about 400 words and are to be presented as Verdana, Font Size 10. You are invited and strongly encouraged to submit material for inclusion in the next issues of the Newsletter. Most submissions are included as presented, except for minor editing and for shortening some of the articles.

Opinions, views, and information published represent the authors and not necessarily APHA or the IH Section or the editor.
--Josefa Ippolito-Shepherd, PhD, Editor APHA-IH Section Newsletter, (202) 363-2369, 
ippolitoshepherdj@yahoo.com

Reports from Membership Committees and Working Groups (in alphabetical order)

Note from the Editor: Detailed description, accomplishments and future work plans for each of the Membership Committees and Working Groups have been presented in earlier issues of the APHA-IH Section Newsletters and as such are not repeated here. Only new information is included in this issue. Readers are encouraged to see earlier issues of the Newsletter at: www.apha-ih.org

AWARDS COMMITTEE
Chair: Paul Freeman,
freeman.p.a@att.net
Assistant-Chair: Padmini (Mini) Murthy,
minimurthy@aol.com 
Members:  H Azzam, T Baker, G Berggren, M Bryant, E Coates, M Forzley,  N Pielemeier, W Reinke, G Sankaran, R Schneider, L Smith, C Swezy

Each year, the International Health Section of APHA recognizes outstanding contributions of its members through several awards. The 2010 year awardees, to be presented at the 2010 Annual Meeting, are:
 
• Carl Taylor Lifetime Achievement Award in International Health: Dr. Dory Storms
• Mid-Career Award in International Health: Dr. Matthew R Anderson
• Distinguished Section Service Awards: Dr. Josefa Ippolito-Shepherd and Dr. Jirair Ratevosian
• Certificate of Recognition for their Dedicated Service in Support of the International Health Section: Morgan Taylor & Vina Hulamm
• Gordon-Wyon Award: Dr. Rajanikant Arole
• Posthumous Gordon Wyon Award from the Community Based Primary Health Care Working Group: Dr. Carl Taylor
• Student Award: To be determined
--Paul Freeman,
freeman.p.a@att.net

BORDER INITIATIVE
In December 2009, the executive director of the United-States-Mexico Border Health Association (USMBHA), Dr. Fernando Gonzalez, called an emergency meeting of the Association's Executive Committee to propose the closing of the 67-year Binational Border Association. Due to a debt of approximately $70,000, their legal council recommended several courses of action. One was to declare bankruptcy, which carried an approximate cost of $25,000, and the other was to close the Association for business and declare it dormant. 

The executive director as well as other employees including Project Administrator Mr. Chacon and  Project Technical Director Rebeca Ramos urged the Executive Committee to close the Association and leave it dormant for four years.  During this time, the employees informed the Executive Committee that anyone could pay the debt and reopen the Association for business. Otherwise, after the four years the debt would be dissolved and a new Association could be formed. 

The Executive Committee, President Calixto Seca, First Vice President Dr. Raymundo Lopez Vucovich, Second Vice President Ronald Dutton, Secretary Dr. Elisa Aguilar and Treasurer Dr. Mario Holguin, seemed to be in favor of this decision. However, urged by Ex Officio members, who have a voice but not a vote, they convened the Directing Council of the Association to review a proposal made by the Pan American Health Organization to financially support the Association in order to avoid the closing of this long-standing and important Border institution. This offer was contingent on an independent audit of the debt situation. The Directing Council was formed by the Executive Committee as well as the co-presidents of the Binational Health Councils (there were 16 BHC involving the U.S. Mexico Border sister cities), and the co-presidents of the University Conference and other Groups of local and state health authorities. 

Unfortunately, on January 2010 the Directing Council gave a majority vote to close the Association and declare it dormant.
--Maria Teresa Cerqueira, PhD,
cerqueim@fep.paho.org 
--Josefa Ippolito-Shepherd, PhD,
ippolitoshepherdj@yahoo.com

COMMUNITY-BASED PRIMARY CARE WORKING GROUP
Chair: Paul Freeman,
freeman.p.a@att.net
Co-Chair: Malcolm Bryant,
bryantm@bu.edu 
Past Chair: Henry Perry
Secretary: Yana Sigal
List Server Administrator: K. Chitnis
Members: T.Hall, I. Aitken, R. Martin, L. Altobelli, J.  Capps, A Hershberger, S. Hoar, E. Kleinau,
S Lamstein, R Mataya, J Mouch, E. Peca, S. Ruiz, Williams, P.Ulrich, C. Teller, T.Reichel,  J.Mukair, J.Dettinger, D.Barry, C.McLaughlin.  We also have many additional members through our List server.
Other Executive Members: Emily Lavallo, Monica Dyer
Ketan Chitnis (List Server Administrator), H. Perry (Past Chair)
Connie Gates (Administrator of learning resources for CBPHC)
Connie@jamkhed.org

Objectives for 2010:

1. To complete and disseminate the results of our research titled The Effectiveness of Community-Based Primary Health Care in Improving Child Health: A Review of the Evidence and Findings from the Field.

2. To improve our promotion of CBPHC.

3. To aid in the re-establishment and administration of the APHA/IH Section Award Program, sponsored by the Colgate-Palmolive Company.

4. To establish a subgroup to develop new policy on CBPHC for submission to APHA.

5. To administer the Gordon-Wyon Award for Community-Oriented Public Health, Epidemiology and Practice.

Progress as of May 2010 - The Effectiveness of Community-Based Primary Health Care in Improving Child Health: A Review of the Evidence

A journal supplement is currently in the process of being prepared for the Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition. Henry Perry and Paul Freeman are currently polishing the comprehensive tabulation of over 400 articles included in the Review.

Promotion of CBPHC is being followed through small group work. Our resources for CBPHC collection is being maintained by Connie Gates.

This year we heard the bad news that the negotiations by the APHA administration with the Colgate-Palmolive Company, that previously funded small grants for young researchers program in community-based personal hygiene, have stalled over issues of product promotion. As a matter of policy APHA does not endorse any commercial product. 

The subgroup to promote CBPHC policy for APHA was established under the leadership of Laura Altobelli and is working toward development of this policy.

This year the Gordon-Wyon Award for Community-Oriented Public Health, Epidemiology and Practice will be awarded to Rajanikant Arole. Rajanikant and Mabelle Arole were the founders of the Jamkhed Comprehensive Rural Health Project. A posthumous Gordon-Wyon Award will also be given to Carl Taylor.

Plans for the remainder of the year
(1) Planning is already progressing towards our pre-APHA Annual Meeting workshop. This year Dr. Henry Taylor and Dr. Henry Perry will lead the workshop focusing on the legacy of Carl Taylor’s lifetime commitment to primary health care, including CBPHC. During the Scientific Sessions of the APHA Annual Meeting there will also be two invited sessions focusing on work flowing from Carl’s leadership. This year is also the 40th anniversary of the founding of the Jamkhed Comprehensive Rural Health Project. Rajanikant and Mabelle Arole, the founders of this project, were students of Carl Taylor. One of the scientific sessions will also focus on the achievements at Jamkhed. Promotion of networking and consultation – especially by young professionals with regards to work in CBPHC - will also be a feature of our workshop and subsequent dinner and meetings during the APHA Annual Meeting.

(2) It is planned to complete the journal supplement for the Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition by the end of this year.

(3) Our Working Group on Funding, Research, Programs and Training will continue to make progress on developing an agenda under the title Connecting Partners and Priorities for CBPHC to promote CBPHC.

(4) The subgroup to promote CBPHC policy for APHA will continue working toward development of this policy.

(5) The Gordon-Wyon Awards will be presented at the Section’s Annual Award evening.
--Paul Freeman,
freeman.p.a@att.net

GLOBAL HEALTH CONNECTIONS COMMITTEE
Chair: Gopal Sankaran (
gsankaran@wcupa.edu) (610-436-2300)
Co-chairs: Hala Azzam (
hala_azzam@yahoo.com) and Padmini Murthy (minimurthy@aol.com)
Members: The list is extensive and is available from the Chair
The Global Health Connections Committee (GHCC) thanks all volunteers who kindly provided their valuable time to staff the first ever Welcome Booth for International Attendees of the American Public Health Association (APHA) annual meeting in Philadelphia in November 2009. The GHCC also thanks Georges Benjamin, Executive Director, T. J. McCabe, Director, Convention Services, Morgan Taylor, Global Health Manager, and Vina HuLamm, Global Health Coordinator for making the Welcome Booth a reality at last year’s Annual Meeting. The Welcome Booth provided the volunteers and international attendees with an excellent opportunity to network and form new friendships.

GHCC Goals (2009-2010)
1. Continue to promote collaboration between IH Section and other Sections, SPIGs, Caucuses, Forums and Student Assembly within APHA.
2. Promote collaboration between IH Section and State Affiliates within APHA.
3. Collaborate with other units within APHA to facilitate joint sessions at the Annual   Meeting.
4. Continue to keep GHCC members stay connected.
5. Continue to host the International Welcome Desk at the Annual Meeting.

GHCC Conference Calls in 2010
Wednesday, March 24             Noon-1.00pm*
Wednesday, May 5                      Noon-1.00pm*
Wednesday, July 7                       Noon-1.00pm*
Wednesday, September 1          Noon-1.00pm*
Wednesday, November 3           Noon-1.00pm*
*All Eastern Standard Time/Eastern Daylight Saving Time
--Gopal Sankaran,
gsankaran@wcupa.edu

MEMBERSHIP COMMITTEE
Chair: Rose Schneider,
rschneider@jhu.edu
Co-Chair: Alison Gernand,
agernand@jhsph.edu
Member: Curtiss Swezy

NOMINATIONS COMMITTEE
Chair: Mary Anne Mercer
Members: A Hagopian, M Fort, S Shannon, M Labbok, C Prophete
The 2010 APHA elections for the IH Section included a number of candidates who were new to Section activities and eager to become involved.  A total of 10 possible Section Council candidates had to be reduced to a smaller number for the election of only two new Section Council members.  However the Governing Council representation from the IH Section has increased this year, from seven members to eight, so a total of five Governing Council members will be elected to take office at the end of the 2010 Annual Meeting.  The chair-elect, a very important position for the Section, will also be elected this year.  Nominations were due as of the end of February, and the online election was held in May.

Serving as an officer in the IH Section is a great way to get to know other members of the Section and become involved in the Section activities. The Nominations Committee solicits candidates for office and presents them to the administration of APHA, which organizes an election of officers every spring.  The goals for the APHA IH Nominations Committee include selecting qualified, well-matched candidates for the routine elections.
--Mary Anne Mercer,
mamercer@u.washington.edu

PHARMACEUTICALS WORKING GROUP
Chair: Maggie Huff-Rousselle,
mhuffrousselle@ssds.net
Vice-Chair: Annette De Mattos, ademattos@ssds.net
The APHA Rx Interest/Working group (formed within the IH Section) and the Drug Policy and Pharmacy Services (DPPS) Committee (formed within the Medical Care Section) collaborated by reaching out to other sections within the APHA last year especially, Alcohol, Tobacco & Other Drugs, Gerontological Health, and the Trade & Health Forum. A flier was developed and distributed listing various Section presentations at the Annual Meeting that had a focus on pharmaceuticals. The goal was to provide a comprehensive listing of Rx related sessions to all those interested in pharmaceutical issues, ranging from trade agreements to the effects of pharmaceuticals specifically and the pharmaceutical industry generally on public health. We listed all the relevant posters and illustrative sessions included “Global Pharmaceutical Issues” by APHA Rx (IH Section), “Public Health Strategies to address Trade and Trade Policy” by the Trade and Health Forum and “Evidence Based Prescribing and Conflicts of Interest in Drug Policy & Pharmacy Services” by DPPS.
 
The current leadership of APHA Rx includes Maggie Huff-Rousselle, President of Social Sectors Development Strategies, and Robert Eilers, Medical Director, Dept. of Human Services, State of New Jersey, as co-chairs, and both are active members of the DPPS within the Medical Care section.
 
The primary goals of both APHA Rx and DPPS are collaboration and communication in aid of bringing issues of pharmaceuticals and public health pharmacy to the entire Association. Both APHA Rx and DPP S will continue to work with other sections for the 2010 Annual Meeting to bring together researchers, professionals and administrators with common interests in areas such as national drug policies (domestic & international), international trade & health, industry structure and politics, and biomedical ethics.
--Maggie Huff-Rousselle,
mhuffrousselle@ssds.net
--Annette De Mattos, ademattos@ssds.net

POLICY AND ADVOCACY COMMITTEE
Chair: Jirair Ratevosian <
jratevosian@gmail.com>
The year 2010 has been a busy time already for the IH Section’s advocacy efforts. The IH Section solicited and summarized input from the full Section membership on a Consultation Document for President Obama’s Global Health Initiative (GHI). Through the GHI, the administration proposes to shape a new, comprehensive global health strategy by partnering with host countries to improve health outcomes through strengthened health systems – “with a particular focus on improving the health of women, newborns and children through programs including infectious disease, nutrition, maternal and child health, and safe water.”  On Feb. 22, with the guidance of the IH Section Advocacy/Policy Committee, APHA submitted comments and policy recommendation from IH members on the GHI blueprint. Implementation of the GHI is expected in early April, and the Advocacy/Policy Committee will be working to ensure its effective and equitable rollout.   

Additionally, the IH Section endorsed two policy paper resolutions being proposed for APHA adoption at the Denver Annual Meeting. MPH students at the University of Washington produced these papers after studying nuclear waste production and transportation policy in the United States. The students worked with the Environmental Health and Occupational Health & Safety sections, along with our own, to move the resolutions forward.  Both papers recognize the substantial roles of Indian nations in these issues (see summaries below). 

-Interstate Transportation of Spent Nuclear Fuel is a Public Health Concern - This 13-page paper (citing 65 references) begins by briefly describing the history of APHA's positions on nuclear issues, and summarizes the policy positions: APHA should call for 1) Eliminating the transport of spent nuclear fuel (SNF); 2) Minimizing the transport of SNF; 3) Ensuring, when necessary, that transport of SNF is conducted safely. 

-The Role of Public Health Practitioners, Academics and Advocates in Ensuring Health and Safety at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation - This 16-page paper (citing 41 references) aims to guide APHA on the issue of hazardous waste cleanup at Hanford. The last APHA position paper on nuclear waste cleanup was adopted in 1989, and this paper provides an update, while providing the scientific basis and justification for ensuring cleanup at Hanford is done in a timely manner and with adequate oversight.  
-- Jirair Ratevosian <
jratevosian@gmail.com>

PROGRAM COMMITTEE
Chair: Omar Khan,
okhan.jhsph@jhu.edu
Co-Chair: Mike Bailey,
mbailey@jhuccp.org
Committee Members:
Carlos Castillo-Salgado
ccastill@jhsph.edu
Elvira Berocachea Elvira@midego.com
Malcolm Bryant bryantm@bu.edu 
Josefa Ippolito-Shepherd
ippolitoshepherdj@yahoo.com
Dory Storms dstorms@jhsph.edu

We received 407 abstracts for review.
Our program comprises:
• Nine poster sessions (10 posters each = 90 posters)
• Forty-one paper sessions (4-5 papers each = approx. 175 papers)
• IH Business meetings, two sub-group working group meetings, 1 workshop, 1 social, 1 lunch
• IH film festival (usually three full sessions)

Saturday, Nov. 6, 2010
8:30 a.m.-5:00 p.m.
111.0 Workshop on Community-Based Primary Health Care


Sunday, Nov. 7, 2010
11:00 a.m.-12:00 p.m.
231.0 Global Health Connections Business Meeting (Gopal Sankaran)

2:00 p.m.-4:00 p.m.
251.0 International Health Business Meeting 1

4:30 p.m.-5:30 p.m.
2064.0 Poster Session 1: Innovations in International Health


Monday, Nov. 8, 2010
6:30 a.m.-8:00 a.m.
303.0 International Health Business Meeting 2

8:30 a.m.-10:00 a.m.
3042.0 Health Workers in Conflict: The role of health workers in conflict and post-conflict settings
3043.0 Gedenkschrift for Carl Taylor: His Contributions to Social Justice through the Promotion of Primary Health Care
3044.0 Monitoring, Evaluation, and Quality Improvement
3045.0 Nutrition and Malnutrition

10:30 a.m.-12:00 p.m.
3099.0 The Right to Development and the Millennium Development Goals
3130.0 Advocacy in Action: Mobilizing an International Public Health Campaign
3131.0 International Association of National Public Health Institutes (IANPHI) : Lessons Learned
3131.2 Social Justice in health and health care delivery: International Perspectives
3131.3 International Perspectives in Occupational and Environmental Health (organized by IH, OH and ENV Sections)

12:30 p.m.-1:30 p.m.
3159.0 International Human Rights Committee Student Poster Session

12:30 p.m.-2:00 p.m.
3220.0 Innovations in International Health
3221.0 International Environmental Health Issues
3222.0 Reproductive Health & Family Planning 1
3223.0 Building Partnerships and Coalitions for better International Programs

2:30 p.m.-4:00 p.m.
3322.0 Emerging Infectious Diseases including Avian & Pandemic Influenza
3323.0 International Health Communication/ Behavior Change Communication
3324.0 Child Survival & Child Health 1
3325.0 Strengthening Health Systems in Developing Settings 1
3326.0 Act Global, Think Local: Domestic applications of international health lessons
3327.0 Displaced Populations & Refugee Health

4:30 p.m.-6:00 p.m.
3405.0 HIV/AIDS 1
3406.0 MDGs At 2015 and Beyond : Lessons For the Future

6:00 p.m.-9:00 p.m.
333.0 International Health Section Awards & Social Event


Tuesday, Nov. 9, 2010
8:30 a.m.-10:00 a.m.
4040.0 Student Practicums in International Health - Experiences, Results, and Reflections
4041.0 Neglected Tropical Diseases / Neglected Zoonoses (organized jointly by International Health and the Veterinary SPIG)
4042.0 Leading innovations in Afghanistan's health system architecture
4043.0 Global Pharmaceutical issues

10:30 a.m.-12:00 p.m.
4104.0 Best practices: Strengthening the public sector and integrating care to improve health in low-income countries
4105.0 Student Panel
4106.0 Aid Effectiveness: Accounting and Measuring Effectiveness

12:30 p.m.-2:00 p.m.
4197.0 International Health Programs & Policy
4198.0 Creating Social Justice and Addressing the Right to Health through Translational Research in Reproductive Health
4199.0 Child Survival & Child Health 2

2:30 p.m.-4:00 p.m.
4285.0 Carl Taylor Memorial Session 2: SEED-SCALE Methodology
4286.0 Community Based Primary Health Care
4287.0 Careers in Global Health
4288.0 HIV/AIDS 2

3:30 p.m.-5:30 p.m.
4324.0 Poster Session 2: Social Justice in International Health
4325.0 Poster Session 3: IH Partnerships & Coalitions
4326.0 Poster Session 4: HIV/AIDS
4327.0 Poster Session 5: IH Programs & Policy

4:30 p.m.-6:00 p.m.
421.0 Community-Based Primary Health Care Working Group

6:00 p.m.-8:30 p.m.
427.0 International Health Business Meeting 3


Wednesday, Nov. 10, 2010
8:30 a.m.-9:30 a.m.
5013.0 Poster Session 6: RH & FP
5014.0 Poster Session 8: Women’s Health
5015.0 Poster Session 9: Innovations in International Health 2
5016.0 Poster Session 7: Health Systems

8:30 a.m.-10:00 a.m.
5054.0 Strengthening Health Systems in Developing Settings 2
5055.0 Systems Thinking
5056.0 Women’s Health
5057.0 Malaria & Vector-Borne Diseases
5058.0 Health Promotion in the Academic Setting: International Experiences

10:30 a.m.-12:00 p.m.
5114.0 Tuberculosis (including joint TB/HIV programs)
5115.0 Training, human resource development and workforce issues
5116.0 Reproductive Health & Family Planning 2
5117.0 International Health & Human Rights

12:30 p.m.-2:00 p.m.
5167.0 International Health Luncheon
View the 2010 APHA/IH Program at:
http://apha.confex.com/apha/138am/webprogram/IH.html
-- Omar Khan and Mike Bailey ih.apha@gmail.com

TRADE AND HEALTH LIAISON WORKING GROUP
Chair: Mary Anne Mercer,
mamercer@u.washington.edu
The Forum on Trade and Health was created because of widespread interest and concern regarding the adverse impact of international trade agreements (such as NAFTA, CAFTA, and GATS) on public health, both internationally and within the United States. As a Forum, we work to educate APHA members about the impact of trade issues on public health, and to protect public health priorities in international trade policy. Our goal is to develop and promote policies that advance economic development while sustaining life, healthy societies and the environment, and to advocate for policies that improve access to affordable, accountable vital human services, including health care, water and sanitation, education and energy.

The interests and concerns of Forum members include the impact of free trade agreements on access to medicines and intellectual property rules, tobacco control policies, the migration of health care professionals, corporate social responsibility, occupational health and safety, and the role of states, localities and public health advocates in trade policy making.  Activities of the past year have focused on advocating for strong public health representation on the U.S. Trade Representative’s advisory committees.  A Forum officer, Ellen Shaffer, testified before Congress on the need for a public health presence on all three tiers of trade advisory committees, given that health-related industries are so robustly represented on the  trade advisory committees, including pharmaceuticals, tobacco, health insurance, processed foods, and alcohol beverages). She also advocated for pending legislation that would establish a Public Health Advisory Committee on Trade (PHACT).  That testimony can be read online at: http://waysandmeans.house.gov/media/pdf/111/shaffer.pdf

Other forum interests, activities and publications this past year have included working conditions in the global electronics industry, access to medicines as a result of CAFTA, and the effects of intellectual property rules on access to medicines. 

The Forum holds a quarterly teleconference call that includes an informational presentation as well as discussion of business. Maggie Huff-Rouselle was one of the quarterly presenters, speaking on access to medicines as a trade issue.  The Forum welcomes new participants from any Section.
--Mary Anne Mercer,
mamercer@u.washington.edu

Announcements

-Gopal Sankaran, MD, DrPH, professor of public health at West Chester University, Pennsylvania was the recipient of the Faculty Merit Award for Service at the Winter Commencement on Jan. 30, 2010.  The award is recognizes distinguished service to the university and its student body.  Emphasis is on contributions that have greatly enriched the university community, often over a long period of time.
--Gopal Sankaran, MD, DrPH,
gsankaran@wcupa.edu

-The Red Colombiana de Universidades Promotoras de la Salud [The Colombian Network of Health-Promoting Universities] was created at the First Meeting of the Colombian Network of Health-Promoting Universities carried out in Bogota, Colombia 9-11 June 2010. See http://www.javeriana.edu.co/medio/salud_integral/presentacion_sa.htm  for all related information.
--Josefa Ippolito-Shepherd, PhD,
ippolitoshepherdj@yahoo.com

New Publications

-The new book titled Health Promotion: International Experiences in Schools and Universities (Editorial Paidos) is to be published/available in July 2010 and launched in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in September 2010. This book contains, in addition to the scientific foundations of Health Promotion, successful experiences from Asia, Europe and Latin America. This first edition is in Spanish and is expected to be translated in English and other languages soon.


--Josefa Ippolito-Shepherd,PhD, 
ippolitoshepherdj@yahoo.com

--The new book titled Inside the Outbreaks is a history of the Epidemic Intelligence Service of the CDC. It covers (among many other topics) the first major CDC involvement in international health in what was then East Pakistan in 1958 for smallpox, and then many, many other international EIS ventures, including smallpox eradication in West Africa, India, and Bangladesh. For more information click on my website www.markpendergrast.com
--Mark Pendergrast, Telephone: (802) 497-1570 or (802) 310-9246;
markp508@gmail.com
 

Health-Promoting Universities

HEALTH-PROMOTING UNIVERSITIES
The Fourth International Conference on Health-Promoting Universities, focusing on the social commitment of universities, was carried out in Pamplona, Spain, 7-9 October 2009. The meeting resulted in Declaration of Pamplona/Iruña that establishes the values and principles of Health-Promoting Universities. For in-depth information about this event see:
http://www.fundacion.unavarra.es/universidadsaludable/eng_index.htm  
--Josefa Ippolito-Shepherd, PhD,
ippolitoshepherdj@yahoo.com

 

HEALTH-PROMOTING UNIVERSITIES IN CHILE 
The Health-Promoting Universities movement in Latin American countries is being strengthened by the intense and enthusiastic work of both public and private universities. At the same time, national networks are being formed in Chile, Colombia, Peru, México and other countries. The International Health Promotion meetings have also significantly contributed to the continuous development of this Initiative: Chile (2003), Edmonton, Canada (2005), Ciudad Juarez, México (2007), and Pamplona, Spain (2009).

Since the year 2000, the movement of Health Promotion has led to the formation of the National Council of Health Promotion ‘Vida Chile’ that permitted the development of various initiatives directed to different groups of the population, including: Guía de Vida Activa [Guide for Active Life], Guía para Universidades Saludables y Otras Instituciones de Educación Superior [Guide for Healthy Universities and other Institutions of Higher Learning],  Escuelas Promotoras de la Salud [Health-Promoting Schools], Comunas Saludables [Healthy communities], Universidades Promotoras de la Salud [Health-Promoting Universities], etc.

A Health-Promoting University is committed to the creation of settings and a culture that promotes and facilitates the health and well-being of the members of the academic community and its immediate surroundings, including students, professors, administrators, and other university staff, by incorporating the Health Promotion Strategies as an integral part of their work. 

The website REDUPS (Network of Health-Promoting Universities) launched in 2007, coordinated by the Universidad de Los Lagos in Puerto Montt, with the objective to strengthen the Initiative, to keep the Network informed, and to provide all relevant references.

The REDUPS meets regularly. The next meeting is to be carried out in November 2010 at the Universidad Austral de Chile, to share successful experiences with the implementation of the Health-Promoting Universities Initiative and to strengthen the Network.
--Rosa González Pozo, MA,
rgonzalez@ulagos.cl

Life Skills Education in Colombian Schools

Fe y Alegria Colombia (a name which could be translated as Faith and Joy) is a popular education movement that works with and for the poor population in 18 cities in Colombia, striving to provide them with quality education (formal and non-formal). As part of this effort, this movement published (between 2003 and 2006) a series of teacher guides aimed at facilitating school-room processes that will help students develop the set of 10 life skills proposed by WHO (1993)  as necessary to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life.

The program started in Fe y Alegria in 1996, and it has been introduced in the movement’s schools’ (totaling 64 and covering 40,000 students ages 10 to 15) curriculum along these years in several ways. One of them was taking specific time within the regular school timetable and having any teacher – previously trained — facilitating the workshop-like sessions with students. Another was hiring teachers with a specific psycho-pedagogical profile and turning the sessions into regular courses with weekly hours assigned in the school calendar. The model and materials of the Life Skills Program of Fe y Alegria is now used nationwide by numerous official and private schools, and also in schools and non-formal education groups in other countries, such as Honduras, El Salvador, Panama, Nicaragua and Chile.

The Life Skills series was not the only material produced in area of work. The Colombian educational system also promoted the introduction of citizenship education, and general work competencies, which lead to the development of other publications, although they also contained several of the Life Skills defined by WHO. The burden posed by this situation to the teachers led the movement to organize the teaching of the three types of competencies (psychosocial, citizen, and work) in one curricular net, comprising studies from kindergarten to 11th grade. This has led to a better understanding of the teaching/training of competencies at their significance at the individual, collective, societal, and global levels.
--Amanda Bravo,
amybravo@hotmail.com


1 WHO Life Skills: Decision making, Problem solving, Creative thinking, Critical thinking, Effective communication, Interpersonal relationship skills, Self-awareness, Empathy, Coping with emotions, and Coping with stress.

How To Get More Involved in the IH Section

A number of IH Section members, some new and some continuing, want to know how they can “get involved” with the Section. Since much of our organizing work originates during the Annual Meeting, attendance at that meeting is a unique opportunity and a first step in further engagement with the Section.

Serving as a member or chair of a standing committee is one specific way to have input into IH Section activities. Committee chairs are formally appointed by the Section chair in consultation with the Section Council, and committee members are selected by the Section chair and committee chair.  Members are encouraged to volunteer their availability for positions of interest, as most years several committees are in need of members and/or chairs. The best way to investigate these possibilities is to attend the business meetings at the Annual Meeting, and contact the Section chair about your interests.  You can also contact the chair of standing committees and let him/her know that you would like to volunteer to work on that committee. 

The Section Officer positions, in contrast, are elected each year in a Section-wide ballot.  Officers include the Section Chair, Secretary, Section Council members, and Governing Council members.  Service on the Section Council is a good way for new members to find out about how the Section works while the other positions, including Governing Council, are generally held by members who have been involved for some time in other capacities.  The APHA elections are held around May of each year.  If you are interested in running for office, please contact the Nominations Chair, Mary Anne Mercer, E-mail: mamercer@u.washington.edu

Fast access to connect with the 2010 leadership of Units within APHA. See:
• Section Chairs:
http://www.apha.org/membergroups/sections/sectionchairs/
• SPIG Leadership: http://www.apha.org/membergroups/primary/2008spigroster.htm
• Caucus Leadership: http://www.apha.org/membergroups/caucuses/groupscaucuses.htm
• Forum Leadership: http://www.apha.org/membergroups/forums/
• APHA Student Assembly: http://www.apha.org/membergroups/students/
--Gopal Sankaran, gsankaran@wcupa.edu

-Tax-free donation
One wonderful Section member has offered a $2,000 matching grant each year for three years as a challenge to other members to donate to the Section. If you are interested in making a tax-free donation, please send your check or credit card information to "IH Section Enrichment account, APHA" together with the completed APHA Section Donation Form.

Thank you for making a donation to one of the American Public Health Association Sections. Your donation will help support our Section’s programs and our ongoing commitment to improve the public's health and achieve equity in health status for all.

APHA Section Donation Form
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Please send your donation to: American Public Health Association
Attn: Natasha Williams, Component Affairs
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APHA is classified by the IRS as a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization. Gifts are tax-deductible
to the full extent allowed by the law. APHA's tax identification number is 13-1628688. AC05OL
--Miriam Labbok, MD, MPH, Chair IH Section, Telephone: (919) 966-0928; Fax: (919) 966-0458; E-mail:
labbok@unc.edu

APHA Initiative on Transportation and Public Health

As we all appreciate, our health is profoundly affected by our transportation decisions and options. Limited opportunities for physical activity, higher exposure to poor air quality, higher incidences of adult and childhood obesity and greater prevalence of asthma and cardiovascular disease are a few of the inequities brought by poor transportation policies.

As part of our effort to enhance crosscutting activity and knowledge among various APHA members and sections, APHA is developing advocacy materials and helpful information related to the links between transportation and public health. If anyone is interested in learning more about this initiative, sharing success stories or lessons learned, or establishing a new Forum on Transportation and Public Health, please reach out to us!

Interested members are asked to contact Eloisa Raynault at eloisa.raynault@apha.org

Visionary Leader of International Health: Dr. Carl E. Taylor

Dr. Carl E. Taylor was a visionary guide for the development of international public health as a professional field of study and as a field-based academic discipline, as mentor and inspiration for generations of public health students and professionals from ore than 100 countries, and as a builder of institutions to ensure the continuation of this work.  His key message: always start with the “bottom-up” by listening to the community, especially the poorest, the most vulnerable, and the women.  Carl passed away on Feb. 4, 2010, but his legacy lives on in all of us.

We share here some of the details of Carl’s important influence in international health, and as a major force behind the founding and development of the International Health Section of APHA, which was one of many influential initiatives undertaken during his lifetime. His official obituary as prepared by his surviving family is reprinted farther below.

Carl was a mentor for many if not most of us in the IH Section: we independently say “Dr. Taylor was my mentor.”  He made each of us feel as special recipients of his teachings and provided each of us with individual guidance in our work and careers.  That he did so with so many of his students and colleagues was one of Carl’s great gifts.

A large part of Carl Taylor’s vision was to build institutions to carry on the work of International Health into the future.  Carl saw APHA as an important force nationally but not internationally:  so in 1976 he founded and served as the first Chair of our International Health Section of APHA.  That was neither his first nor last success with institution building. Carl was one of three APHA delegates to an international conference in 1967 along with 31 other country public health associations that established the World Federation of Public Health Associations.

To further cite other institutions that owe their existence to Carl Taylor’s vision and leadership:  he was Founder and first Chairman of the International Health Department of The Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health until his retirement in 1982 at the age of 65; he was Founder and first Chairman of the National Council for International Health (now known as the Global Health Council); and in 1991 he became co-Founder and Senior Advisor of the international non-profit organization, Future Generations, and the Future Generations Graduate School.

When the IH Section established the Lifetime Achievement Award for Excellence in International Health, Carl was the first awardee, in 1991.

When a group of IH Section members gathered in Boston at the 2000 APHA Annual Meeting to form the IH Section's Community-Based Primary Health Care task force, Carl Taylor was one of the leading founders.

At a seminal session of the IH Section program at the 2002 APHA Annual Meeting entitled "International Health: Where Are We? Where Are We Going?" Carl was a leading provocateur, reflecting on the history of the Section, and challenging IH members to engage in strategic thinking on the future role of the Section.

A taped interview with Carl that is particularly recommended for APHA IH Section members is on Global Health TV when he became the first recipient in 2008 of the Global Health Leadership Award given by the Global Health Council.  You can see this online at: http://www.globalhealthtv.com/news/interview_with_prof_carl_taylor/

Carl participated in the key plenary session of the 2008 Annual Conference of the Christian Connections for International Health (CCIH) group, where Carl and Dr. Jack Bryant talked about the contributions of Christians and the Christian Medical Commission of the World Council of Churches to the shaping of what WHO eventually adopted as its global policy, primary health care, in the famous Alma Ata conference of 1978.  To see Carl's CCIH presentation, go to the CCIH website at  http://www.ccih.org/Working_Groups/Community_Health_WG.htm#1). Carl was also a keynote speaker at the CCIH co-sponsored 2008 Global Missions Health Conference in Louisville, Kentucky. You can watch and listen to his presentation at http://vimeo.com/channels/gmhc

Into his early 90s, Carl remained active internationally as senior advisor for Future Generations and as professor in the Future Generations Graduate School of Applied Community Change and Conservation. 

In addition to decades-long work with innovative health reform and community strategies in India, Peru, and other countries, Carl saw and acted on an opportunity to rebuild the health system in Afghanistan in the post-war aftermath of rebuilding Afghan society.  In his late 80s, he went to live there as Afghanistan Country Director for Future Generations, where true to form, he broke through standard strategies by going to work directly with Afghan war lords in their villages, helping them to overcome their differences and organize themselves into shura councils to solve joint problems.  There Carl also spearheaded new methods for literacy education and empowerment of women in health that led to rapid significant declines in maternal-perinatal-infant mortality.

His children have set up a website where you can post messages in his memory:
http://www.caringbridge.org/visit/carltaylor

--Laura Altobelli, laura@future.org
--Ray Martin, MartinRS@aol.com 
-- Miriam Labbok (2010),
labbok@unc.edu

IH Section Leadership – Officers, Councilors, Committee Chairs, and Representatives

Officers (end of 2-year term):
Chair: Miriam Labbok (2010),
labbok@email.unc.edu  
Chair Elect/Governing Council Whip: Malcolm Bryant (2012)
bryantm@bu.edu
Immediate Past Chair: Samir Banoob (2008),
sbanoob@aol.com
Secretary: Carol Dabbs (2011), dabbscj@state.gov
Secretary Elect: Jean Meyer Capps (2013) jean_capps@hotmail.com

Section Councilors: (elected to 3-year terms):
Hélène Carabin, DVM, MSc, PhD, (2011)
helene-carabin@ouhsc.edu
Wendy Johnson, MD, MPH, (2010) wjohns@u.washington.edu
David J. Fitch, PhD, (2010) dfitch7@yahoo.com
Padmini Murthy, Mphil, MD, MPH, MS, CHES, (2011)
minimurthy@aol.com
Lisa Pawloski, PhD, MA, BA, (2011) lpawlosk@gmu.edu
Jirair Ratevosian (2012)
jratevosian@gmail.com

Governing Councilors:
Laura Altobelli, Dr Ph, MPH, (2011)
laura@future.org
Elvira Beracochea, MD, MPH, (2010) elvira@midego.com
Gopal Sankaran, MD, DrPH, MNAMS, CHES, (2010) gsankaran@wcupa.edu
Leonard Rubenstein, LL.M., JD, MA, BA (Governing Council Whip) (2010) lrubenstein@gmail.com
James Pfeiffer, PhD, MPH, (2010) jamespf@u.washington.edu
Amy Hagopian, (2011) hagopian@u.washington.edu
Wendy Johnson, MD, MPH, (2011)
wjohns@u.washington.edu
 
Section Committees, Website, and Newsletter (appointed by Chair)
-Awards Chair: Paul Freeman
freeman.p.a@att.net: Assistant Chair; Mini Murthy Minimurthy@aol.com
-Communications Chair and Website Manager:  Eckhard Kleinau ekleinau@aimglobalhealth.org
-Global Health Connections: Chair Gopal Sankaran
gsankaran@wcupa.edu; Co-chairs Mini Murthy Minimurthy@aol.com and Hala Azzam hala_azzam@yahoo.com
-Membership: Rose Schneider rschneider@jhu.edu
-Newsletter Editor: Josefa Ippolito-Shepherd ippolitoshepherdj@yahoo.com
-Nominations: Mary Anne Mercer mamercer@u.washington.edu
-Policy and Advocacy: Jirair Ratevosian jratevosian@gmail.com
-Program: Omar Khan, Chair IH.APHA@gmail.com; Mike Bailey, Assistant Chair mbailey@jhuccp.org
-Section Organization and Management: Jean Meyer Capps
jean_capps@hotmail.com
-Students and New IH Professionals:  Helene Carabin helene-carabin@ouhsc.edu

Section working groups:
-Border Initiative:  Josefa Ippolito-Shepherd
ippolitoshepherdj@yahoo.com
-Community-Based Primary Care: Paul Freeman freeman.p.a@att.net & Malcolm Bryant bryantm@bu.edu
-Pharmaceuticals:  Chair, Maggie Huff-Rousselle mhuffrousselle@ssds.net, Co-chair, Robert  Eilers robert.eilers@dhs.state.nj.us
-Trade and Health Liaison: Mary Anne Mercer mamercer@u.washington.edu
 
APHA wide responsibilities:
-Action Board Representative: Donna Barry
djbarry@earthlink.net
-Global Health Manager (APHA Staff): Vina Hulamm  vina.hulamm@apha.org
-International Human Rights: Elvira Beracochea elvira@midego.com
-Publications: – Carlos Castillo ccastill@jhsph.edu
-Science board & liaison to publications board : Omar Khan okhan@jhsph.edu
-Trade and Health Liaison: Mary Anne Mercer mamercer@u.washington.edu