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Food and Nutrition
Section Newsletter
Winter 2005

Message from the Chair

This is my first message as 2005 chair of the Food and Nutrition Section (FNS). I’d like to thank Jay Hirschman for his leadership to the Section in 2004. Also, I’d like to send many thanks to the Section members who served on the Executive Board, Section Council and as committee chairs and co-chairs. Your commitment and enthusiasm is what makes our Section one of the most dynamic in the Association. I am looking forward to working with the 2005 board, council, and committee and liaison volunteers as we move our Section agenda forward in the coming year.

2004 was a very productive year for the Food and Nutrition Section. Here is a summary of our major accomplishments:

FNS assisted APHA in the review of 61 food and nutrition-related policy statements and identified those in need of updating or archiving. The next step in this process will be to identify policy needs and gaps so that policies of interest to our Section remain current and relevant.

The Section was the primary sponsor of two APHA policy statements in 2004: Policy Support for Nutrition Labeling in Fast Food and Other Chain Restaurants (2004-14) and Supporting the WHO Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health (LB04-3).

FNS planned and presented 16 scientific sessions and four poster sessions at the Annual Meeting held in Washington, D.C. The call for abstracts resulted in the submission of 155 abstracts, including 28 from students. Attendance at our sessions has been fantastic! For the last three years, our Section has averaged over 100 attendees per session, which places us in the top five among all sections for average attendance. Many thanks to the program planning committee led by Barbara Polhamus (chair) and Barbara Laraia (co-chair) for their diligence in planning our program. Thanks also to the many members who reviewed abstracts.

FNS created a Food Safety Committee to organize and energize Section and APHA activities to promote a safe food supply and safe food-handling procedures. This new committee will be chaired by Eileen Parish with assistance from Sara Fein as co-chair. One of the first tasks of this new committee will be to review all APHA Food and Nutrition food safety-related policies and make recommendations for updating and archiving.

The Food and Nutrition Section has elected to concentrate activities in four focus areas this year: 1) obesity; 2) collaboration with affiliates; 3) strategic responses and comments on reports and policies of professional significance; and 4) policy development. The Section will look into these areas using the strategic plan as a guiding document. Also, as a result of meeting with APHA Executive Director Georges Benjamin and APHA Executive Board members during the Annual Meeting, the Section will work with the Association to develop recommendations for Association consultation with sections on matters of public health significance. The Section is in the process of forming workgroups in each of the focus areas. If you would like to participate and lend you expertise in any of these areas, please send me an e-mail (<>) expressing your interest.

The exciting news is that as I write this message, the 2005 Dietary Guidelines are being released. The new, evidence-based guidelines were developed using the best available science and will be the focal point for nutrition policy, programs, education, research, food assistance and labeling for the next five years. The Food and Nutrition Section assisted the Association around the release by writing key messages that Dr. Benjamin and Association leaders could use in framing APHA’s response to media inquiries. A special thanks to Section members Sue Foerster and Yvonne Bronner for agreeing to be spokespersons for media inquiries.

In order for our Section to remain dynamic, we need as many members as possible to participate in Section activities. Please consider joining a committee or volunteering to participate in a one-time activity (such as reviewing abstracts). We will work with you to find appropriate tasks requiring as little or as much time as you can offer to the Section. If you’re unsure of where your particular expertise or talents might fit in, the list of Section committees on the Web site may help you make a decision. The Web site may be accessed at <>. Do not hesitate to contact me at <> or the committee chair if you are interested in participating.


Charlene Sanders, MPH, RD
Chair, Food and Nutrition Section

Food and Nutrition Section News!!!

Food and Nutrition Section Award Winners for 2004

We would like to congratulate the winners of the 2004 Food and Nutrition Section Awards. This year’s winners are:

  • Barbara Abrams, DrPH, RD, for The Agnes Higgins Award, sponsored by the March of Dimes, the Food and Nutrition Section and the Maternal and Child Health Section, recognizes an individual who has made outstanding contributions in the area of maternal and child nutrition and exemplary services and professional achievements in improving pregnancy outcomes. Abrams is currently the associate dean of student affairs in the School of Public Health and professor of Epidemiology, Maternal and Child Health and Public Health Nutrition, in the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, at the University of California at Berkeley. Her research interests include body size, nutrition, social factors and reproductive health, nutritional and perinatal epidemiology, maternal and child nutrition, women's health, and nutrition and AIDS. She has authored or co-authored over 50 referred publications and book chapters. Abrams is the recipient of grants from NIH, Bureau of Maternal and Child Health, Department of Defense, and other state and private foundations. Abrams has served on several committees and sub-committees for the Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, and National Academy of Sciences, including the Committee on Nutritional Status during Pregnancy and Lactation, the Committee on Scientific Evaluation of WIC Nutrition Risk Criteria, and the Subcommittee for a Clinical Application Guide of the Committee on Nutritional Status during Pregnancy and Lactation. She has also served on the Panel of Expert Consultants for the Women, Infants and Children Special Supplemental Feeding Program Eligibility Study II by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and many other expert committees.

  • Judy F. Wilson, MSPH, RD, for The Mary Egan Award sponsored by the Food and Nutrition Section, which recognizes the professional contributions and outstanding services of a public health nutritionist who has developed new approaches to public health nutrition, mentoring, nutrition education, and addressing special nutrition needs. Wilson is currently the director of nutrition service staff in the Office of Analysis, Nutrition, and Evaluation, of the Food and Nutrition Service at the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Within six months of joining FNS, she planned and implemented the "EAT SMART. PLAY SMART" Campaign. She has also been instrumental in the development of child nutrition programs and team nutrition projects including developmental work for Nutrition and Physical Activity the 100 way; Power of Choice; It’s Up to You, CACFP Infant Feeding Guide and TN Implementation Guide. Prior to joining the USDA staff, Wilson spent 22 years with the WIC Program in Washington, D.C., including managing its pilot in 1974. She has held leadership roles in NAWD (VP, Executive Board, and Regional Representative); she was co-chair of the Institute of Medicine’s Committee to develop the Implementation Guide for Nutrition in Pregnancy; she was instrumental in the initiation of the award winning WIC Breastfeeding Peer Counseling Program (BFPC, 1985) and the development of the BFPC guidance used nationally. Wilson has also served as an expert witness for the Department of Justice, Legal Defense Organization on prison nutrition issues.

  • Patricia Crawford, DrPH, RD, for The Catherine Cowell Award sponsored by the Food and Nutrition Section, which recognizes an individual who has exemplified excellence and achievement in administration, planning, mentoring, and team building in public health nutrition including meeting the special needs of urban populations and young children. Crawford is the co-director of the Center for Weight & Health and Nutrition Specialist/Lecturer in the Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of California, Berkeley. She has almost 10 years of teaching experience in nutritional sciences and public health. Crawford is the recipient of grants from NIH, CDC, USDA, and private foundations. Currently, she is the principal investigator of several studies, including Risk Factors for Poor Bone Health in Latina, Asian, African American and White Women, Paradox of Food Insecurity and Child Obesity in Hispanic Children, the CDC Prevention Centers' Obesity Network and the USDA-sponsored, five State WIC Child Obesity Intervention Study.

  • Suzanne Murphy, PhD, RD, for the Excellence in Dietary Guidance Award, co-sponsored by the Produce for Better Health Foundation and the Food and Nutrition Section, which recognizes an individual who has made outstanding contributions in the area of dietary guidance formulation, research, education, or policy change. The Produce for Better Health Foundation supports this monetary award. Murphy is a research professor at the Cancer Research Center of Hawaii at the University of Hawaii (Honolulu) and director of the Nutrition Support Shared Resource at the Center. Her research interests include dietary assessment methodology, development of food composition databases (with emphasis on inclusion of ethnic foods), communication of nutrition principles (with emphasis on multi-cultural populations), and nutritional epidemiology of chronic diseases (with emphasis on cancer and obesity). Murphy has served as a member of the National Nutrition Monitoring Advisory Council and as vice-chair of the 2000 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee. She has served on several Institute of Medicine panels including the Subcommittee on Interpretation and Uses of Dietary Reference Intakes, which she chaired for two years; the Subcommittee on Upper Safe Reference Levels of Nutrients; and the Panel on Calcium and Related Nutrients and the Committee to Review the WIC food package, which she is presently chairs.

  • Deborah Bentzel, MPH, for The Food and Nutrition Section Student Award, sponsored by the Food and Nutrition Section, which recognizes the student submitting the highest scoring abstract for an oral presentation at the national meeting. Bentzel is a research assistant, Boston University Thalidomide Study, at the Slone Epidemiology Center of Boston University School of Public Health.

  • Thank you for supporting all Food and Nutrition Section Award events!!!

    Call for Abstracts

    The Food and Nutrition section invites abstracts in the areas of 'public health nutrition' and 'nutrition and physical activity'. The annual meeting theme is Evidence Based Policy and Practice and will be held Nov. 5-9, 2005 in New Orleans. Abstracts related to the meeting theme, outstanding student abstracts, and abstracts in the following areas will be given priority for inclusion in the program:

    • Community food security assessment methods

    • Evidence-based nutrition programs for older adults

    • Evidence-based policy and practice for nutrition among women, infants and children

    • Evidence-based policy and practice for nutrition in diverse populations

    • Evidence-based policy and practice for nutrition intervention in chronic diseases

    • Findings from new school wellness committees mandated in the Child Nutrition bill

    • Focus on food and nutrition initiatives in Louisiana and New Orleans

    • Innovations in communications: Using mass media, Internet technology, and film to convey behavior change messages (Technology Theater)

    • Innovative state policies to promote healthy eating and physical activity

    • Large-scale initiatives to reverse the epidemic of poor diet, physical inactivity, overweight and obesity: Early measures of success

    • New findings on dietary supplements

    • New initiatives and results from local food policy councils

    • What's the evidence for land use strategies that support livable communities?

    • Worksite wellness policies and practices for good nutrition, physical activity and healthy weight

    Preference will be given to abstracts presenting program design/methodology, scientific research and program evaluation results. An award will be presented for the student abstract receiving the highest score from reviewers. The Food & Nutrition Section also seeks innovative technology-based presentations (interactive internet, mass media, film) that can utilize the Technology Theater.

    Program Planner Contact Information:
    Barbara A. Laraia, PhD, MPH, RD
    Department of Nutrition
    The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    Carolina Population Center
    CB #8120
    Chapel Hill, NC 27599-8120
    Phone: (919) 966-5969
    Fax: (919) 966-2391

    Sonya J. Jones, PhD
    University of Tennessee
    1215 Cumberland Ave, Room 229
    Department of Nutrition
    Knoxville, TN 37966-1920
    Phone: (865) 974-6250
    Fax: (865) 974-3491

APHA Advocacy and Policy News


Joan Trendell, MS, RD, Anna-Maria Siega-Riz, PhD, RD, LDN, and Beth Dixon, PhD, MPH, as Governing Councilors represented the Food and Nutrition Section during sessions that took place during the Association’s Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C. in November. The business of the Association included elections of new leaders, consideration of new policy statements as well as amendments to the APHA By-Laws and Constitution, establishment of priorities for the work of the Association, and reports from various organizational units of APHA.

One of the highlights of the Governing Council was the election of Food and Nutrition Section member Shiriki Kumanyika, PhD, MPH, RD, to the Executive Board of APHA. Nell Gottlieb, PhD, MA, from the Public Health Education and Health Promotion Section, and Howard Spivak, MD, from the Maternal and Child Health Section, were also elected to the Executive Board. Patricia D. Mail, PhD, MPH, MS, MA, was elected APHA President-Elect. Melvin Shipp, OD, MPH, DrPH, was reelected Treasurer, and Alan R. Hinman, MD, MPH, was reelected for his fourth term as Speaker of the Governing Council. The Governing Council elected Gerald Ohta, MPH, Victor Sidel, MD, and Joseph Telfair, DrPH, MSW, to the APHA Nominating Committee. Previously elected Walter Tsou, MD, MPH, assumed his new role as President of APHA at the close of the Annual Meeting. The Executive Board chose Linda Degutis, DrPH, MSN, as Chair and Jay Berhardt, PhD, MPH, as the Vice-Chair of the Board for the coming year. In other news about APHA leadership positions, the APHA Executive Board and Director appointed Food and Nutrition Section member Geraldine Perry-Allen, DrPH, RD, Chair of the Science Board.

A proposal passed that requires nominees for a Section office to have their individual membership current as of Feb. 1 of the year of the election. A proposal to change the title of the APHA Executive Director to Chief Executive Officer was not passed by the Governing Council. A proposal to allow the InterSectional Council to elect their representative to the Executive Board, rather than the Chair automatically serving that role, passed. The Governing Council approved the recommendation from the Task Force on Association Improvement and Reorganization to change the student body’s name from Public Health Student Caucus to the Student Assembly, as well as change the status from a Caucus to a group more similar to a Section.

For the third consecutive year, the Governing Council selected health disparities, access to care and public health infrastructure as the top priority areas of the Association.

The Governing Council adopted 20 new policies, including six latebreakers. Policies serve as official stance of APHA on a variety of public health issues. Food and Nutrition Section sponsored policies included “Nutrition labeling in fast-food and other chain restaurants,” and the latebreaker “Supporting the World Health Organization’s Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health.” Thanks to Section Members Margo Wootan, PhD, and Patricia Risica, DrPH, RD, for their work on drafting these policies. The complete 2004 APHA policies are available at <>. In addition, the Governing Council archived about 100 outdated APHA policies, of which many were reviewed and recommended for archiving by the Food and Nutrition Section leadership earlier in the year.

• Chose “public health and human rights” as the program emphasis for the 2006 Annual meeting to be held Nov. 4-8 in Boston.
• Passed a procedural measure that all future APHA Annual Meetings beyond those already contracted (which are through 2011) will be held in smoke-free cities, with exceptions possible when made by the Executive Board. The measure also specified that APHA work with Affiliates to support local efforts to promote smoke-free policies in host cities already established.
• Took part in a roundtable discussion on membership issues with the Task Force on Association Improvement and Reorganization.
• Asked the Executive Board to reassess APHA’s relationship with the Pfizer Company, sponsor of Annual Meeting tote bags, and report back at the Governing Council mid-year conference call.
• Directed a work group of the Governing Council to assess issues regarding the nomination process.
• Asked the Executive Board to discuss the reorganization of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and its impact and report back at the mid-year conference call.
• Directed APHA to conduct an awareness and advocacy campaign to the public with a theme of “health care is a right, not a privilege.”
• Created a task force to explore the issue of joint membership between APHA and Affiliates.

The Governing Council will hold its next meeting as a conference call on June 20, 2005, and meet again at the APHA Annual Meeting in New Orleans Nov. 5-9, 2005.

For additional information about Governing Council actions, please contact Food and Nutrition Section Councilors or visit <>.

School Wellness Policies

According to the Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004, all local educational agencies are required to establish and implement policies that address nutrition and physical activity by fall 2006. These policies must include goals for nutrition education, physical activity, and nutrition guidelines for all foods available on school campus during the school day. In response to this requirement, the National Alliance for Nutrition and Activity (NANA), of which the APHA is a steering committee member, is developing model school wellness policies for dissemination to school districts to assist and guide the development of their wellness policies. NANA’s model wellness policies will include recommendations for increasing the amount and variety of fruits and vegetables sold and served on school campuses through the school meals, snacks, vending machines, and other venues. NANA plans to disseminate these model wellness policies in spring 2005.

Child Nutrition Legislative Goals 2005

Following up on last year’s child nutrition reauthorization, the National Alliance for Nutrition and Activity (NANA), of which APHA a steering committee member, plans to continue its advocacy related to the nutritional quality of the Child Nutrition Programs. NANA’s legislative goals related to child nutrition this year include: 1) expanding the Fruit and Vegetable Snack Program; 2) securing appropriations to strengthen nutrition education in schools through the Team Nutrition Networks program; and 3) improving the nutritional quality of foods sold out of school vending machines, a la carte lines, and other venues outside the school meal programs. NANA looks forward to working with you toward these goals.

In the News!!!

News Release
Wednesday, Jan. 12, 2005
HHS Press Office
(202) 690-6343
USDA Press Office
(202) 720-4623

New Dietary Guidelines Will Help Americans Make Better Food Choices, Live Healthier Lives
HHS Secretary Tommy G. Thompson and Agriculture Secretary Ann M. Veneman today announced the release of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005, the federal government's science-based advice to promote health and reduce risk of chronic diseases through nutrition and physical activity.

The sixth edition of Dietary Guidelines for Americans places stronger emphasis on reducing calorie consumption and increasing physical activity. This joint project of the Departments of Health and Human Services and Agriculture is the latest of the five-year reviews required by federal law. It is the basis of federal food programs and nutrition education programs and supports the nutrition and physical fitness pillars of President Bush's HealthierUS Initiative.

"These new Dietary Guidelines represent our best science-based advice to help Americans live healthier and longer lives," Thompson said. "The report gives action steps to reach achievable goals in weight control, stronger muscles and bones, and balanced nutrition to help prevent chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes and some cancers. Promoting good dietary habits is key to reducing the growing problems of obesity and physical inactivity, and to gaining the health benefits that come from a nutritionally balanced diet."

"The new Dietary Guidelines highlight the principle that Americans should keep their weight within healthful limits and engage in ample physical activity," said Veneman. "The process we used to develop these recommendations was more rigorous and more transparent than ever before. Taken together, the recommendations will help consumers make smart choices from every food group, get the most nutrition out of the calories consumed and find a balance between eating and physical activity."

Eating a healthy balance of nutritious foods continues as a central point in the Dietary Guidelines, but balancing nutrients is not enough for health. Total calories also count, especially as more Americans are gaining weight. Because almost two-thirds of Americans are overweight or obese, and more than half get too little physical activity, the 2005 Dietary Guidelines place a stronger emphasis on calorie control and physical activity.

The Dietary Guidelines, based on the latest scientific information including medical knowledge, provides authoritative advice for people two years and older about how proper dietary habits can promote health and reduce risk for major chronic diseases. The 2005 Dietary Guidelines were prepared in three stages. In the first, a 13-member Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee prepared a report based on the best available science. In the second stage, government scientists and officials developed the Dietary Guidelines after reviewing the advisory committee's report and agency and public comments. In the third stage, experts worked to translate the Dietary Guidelines into meaningful messages for the public and educators.

The report identifies 41 key recommendations, of which 23 are for the general public and 18 for special populations. They are grouped into nine general topics:

Adequate Nutrients Within Calorie Needs
Weight Management
Physical Activity
Food Groups to Encourage
Sodium and Potassium
Alcoholic Beverages
Food Safety

The Dietary Guidelines provide health education experts, such as doctors and nutritionists, with a compilation of the latest science-based recommendations. Consumer-friendly materials such as brochures and Web sites will assist the general public in understanding the scientific language of the 2005 Dietary Guidelines and the key points that they can apply in their lives. To highlight those points, a consumer-oriented brochure accompanies the 2005 Dietary Guidelines. USDA's Food Guidance System also will serve as a tool to educate consumers on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. The Food Guidance System, currently called the Food Guide Pyramid, is undergoing revision and will be released in the spring of 2005.

The 2005 Dietary Guidelines and consumer brochure are available at <>.

Following is a list of key recommendations from the Dietary Guidelines.


Key Recommendations for the General Population


Consume a variety of nutrient-dense foods and beverages within and among the basic food groups while choosing foods that limit the intake of saturated and trans fats, cholesterol, added sugars, salt and alcohol.

Meet recommended intakes within energy needs by adopting a balanced eating pattern, such as the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Guide or the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Eating Plan.


To maintain body weight in a healthy range, balance calories from foods and beverages with calories expended.

To prevent gradual weight gain over time, make small decreases in food and beverage calories and increase physical activity.


Engage in regular physical activity and reduce sedentary activities to promote health, psychological well-being, and a healthy body weight.

To reduce the risk of chronic disease in adulthood: Engage in at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity, above usual activity, at work or home on most days of the week.

For most people, greater health benefits can be obtained by engaging in physical activity of more vigorous intensity or longer duration.

To help manage body weight and prevent gradual, unhealthy body weight gain in adulthood: Engage in approximately 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity activity on most days of the week while not exceeding caloric intake requirements.

To sustain weight loss in adulthood: Participate in at least 60 to 90 minutes of daily moderate-intensity physical activity while not exceeding caloric intake requirements. Some people may need to consult with a health-care provider before participating in this level of activity.

Achieve physical fitness by including cardiovascular conditioning, stretching exercises for flexibility, and resistance exercises or calisthenics for muscle strength and endurance.


Consume a sufficient amount of fruits and vegetables while staying within energy needs. Two cups of fruit and 2½ cups of vegetables per day are recommended for a reference 2,000-calorie intake, with higher or lower amounts depending on the calorie level.

Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables each day. In particular, select from all five vegetable subgroups (dark green, orange, legumes, starchy vegetables, and other vegetables) several times a week.

Consume three or more ounce-equivalents of whole-grain products per day, with the rest of the recommended grains coming from enriched or whole-grain products. In general, at least half the grains should come from whole grains.

Consume three cups per day of fat-free or low-fat milk or equivalent milk products.


Consume less than 10 percent of calories from saturated fatty acids and less than 300 mg/day of cholesterol, and keep trans fatty acid consumption as low as possible.

Keep total fat intake between 20 to 35 percent of calories, with most fats coming from sources of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fatty acids, such as fish, nuts, and vegetable oils.

When selecting and preparing meat, poultry, dry beans, and milk or milk products, make choices that are lean, low-fat, or fat-free.

Limit intake of fats and oils high in saturated and/or trans fatty acids, and choose products low in such fats and oils.


Choose fiber-rich fruits, vegetables, and whole grains often.

Choose and prepare foods and beverages with little added sugars or caloric sweeteners, such as amounts suggested by the USDA Food Guide and the DASH Eating Plan.

Reduce the incidence of dental caries by practicing good oral hygiene and consuming sugar- and starch-containing foods and beverages less frequently.


Consume less than 2,300 mg (approximately one teaspoon of salt) of sodium per day.

Choose and prepare foods with little salt. At the same time, consume potassium-rich foods, such as fruits and vegetables.


Those who choose to drink alcoholic beverages should do so sensibly and in moderation-defined as the consumption of up to one drink per day for women and up to two drinks per day for men.

Alcoholic beverages should not be consumed by some individuals, including those who cannot restrict their alcohol intake, women of childbearing age who may become pregnant, pregnant and lactating women, children and adolescents, individuals taking medications that can interact with alcohol, and those with specific medical conditions.

Alcoholic beverages should be avoided by individuals engaging in activities that require attention, skill, or coordination, such as driving or operating machinery.


To avoid microbial foodborne illness:

Clean hands, food contact surfaces, and fruits and vegetables. Meat and poultry should not be washed or rinsed.

Separate raw, cooked, and ready-to-eat foods while shopping, preparing, or storing foods.

Cook foods to a safe temperature to kill microorganisms.

Chill (refrigerate) perishable food promptly and defrost foods properly.

Avoid raw (unpasteurized) milk or any products made from unpasteurized milk, raw or partially cooked eggs or foods containing raw eggs, raw or undercooked meat and poultry, unpasteurized juices, and raw sprouts.

Note: The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005 contains additional recommendations for specific populations. The full document is available at <>.

Featured Article: Eliminate Childhood Lead Poisoning by 2010

The National Healthy People 2010 goal of eliminating elevated blood lead levels in children by 2010 is also the goal of California's Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Branch.

Currently elevated blood lead levels are defined as blood lead levels at or greater than 10 micrograms per deciliter. Children with even higher lead levels, persisting at 15 micrograms per deciliter or greater, or one value of 20 micrograms per deciliter, receive special public health and environmental services. Hispanic children make up over 80 percent of those with these higher blood lead levels in California. In addition to contact with contaminated paint, dust and soil in homes built before 1978, Hispanic children may also eat food prepared, served or stored in pottery that contains lead. Other potential sources of lead for Hispanic children include:

• brightly colored ethnic remedies such as azarcon and greta;
• several types of Mexican candy; and
• grasshoppers, a traditional snack food in Oaxaca and other parts of Mexico.

To ensure that risk factors are adequately identified, when assessing Hispanic child clients, it is important for health professionals to be aware of these problem areas.

Poor nutrition is a common problem for lead-poisoned children. Low-income minority children are particularly at risk and are frequently found to be anemic and have inadequate intakes of iron, calcium and vitamin C, which can impact healthy growth and development. Adequate intake of these three critical nutrients may protect against lead absorption.

Nutrition assessment and counseling should focus particular attention on dietary calcium, iron and vitamin C, as well as help these children obtain a well-balanced and age-appropriate diet. Advice to caregivers may include one or two of the following, prioritized to the assessed need of the child:

• participate in the WIC program if they are eligible.
• introduce pureed meat as soon as the child is developmentally ready.
• provide one serving of lean red meat per day to older children.
• provide iron supplements only when iron deficiency is documented, and only under the supervision of a physician or nutritionist.
• provide two servings of fruit or fruit juice per day.
• provide two servings of dairy products or other calcium-rich foods per day.

Each child participating in a publicly funded program for low-income children is considered at risk for lead poisoning. Every health care provider is required by California regulation to test each child who receives services from a publicly funded program for low-income children such as Medicaid, the Early Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) Program, Child Health Insurance Program (CHIP), or WIC for lead. Blood lead testing should be done when the child is 12 and 24 months of age, or anytime up to 72 months if the child has not previously been tested at the indicated times. A blood lead test may be done concurrently with a hemoglobin test. Keep the health care providers you work with aware of this requirement.

Children not in low-income programs should also be evaluated to determine if they are at risk for exposure to lead-based paint. Families should be asked if they have spent time in a place built before 1978 that has peeling or chipped paint or that has recently been renovated. If the answer is "yes" or "don't know," a blood lead test should be done. Medical providers should also be aware that recent immigrants may have been exposed to cultural sources of lead (discussed earlier in this article) in their native country, and may warrant a blood lead test.

Jan Schilling, MPH, MS, RD
California Department of Health Services, Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Branch

Educational, Employment, Training and Funding Opportunities

  • The Stempel School of Public Health at Florida International University announces the implementation of a new Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Public Health with a specialization in Community Nutrition. The degree is designed to prepare graduates to engage in research for public health practice and policy and for leadership positions in national, state and local public health and other health agencies. Community Nutrition focuses on prevention and treatment of chronic disease, primarily in medically under-served areas, through the use of nutritional science and nutritional interventions at the population level. There is financial support through Dean’s Assistantships for applicants with GRE scores of 1120.

    For further information:

    Dian Weddle, PhD, RD, FADA
    Dietetics and Nutrition
    Stempel School of Public Health
    Florida International University
    Miami FL 33199
    (305) 348-2879

  • Manager of Nutrition Research

    The Produce for Better Health Foundation in Wilmington, Delaware, has a unique position for a Nutrition Research Manager. This person is responsible for the ongoing review of scientific information on the relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption and health. This person needs to translate and apply this research to support the marketing, communications, education and public policy work of the Foundation and provide leadership in establishing the Foundation's research agenda. This person is responsible for ensuring that all health-related messages are accurate and easily understood by consumers and health professionals. They must have experience with evidence-based literature review systems. They are responsible for overseeing all of the Foundation's research efforts and sharing this information with national partners. A PhD in nutrition or related science is preferred, but will consider candidates with MS and applicable
    experience. Salary is negotiable, depending on experience.

    Interested applicants should send a resume to: Barbara Berry, RD at <>.

  • Assistant Professor, Human Nutrition
    Southern Illinois University Carbondale
    Carbondale, Ill.

    The successful candidate will teach courses in public health nutrition and other courses as necessary at undergraduate and graduate levels, as well as advise graduate students. The successful candidate will develop a strong, funded research program. The community nutrition graduate program complies with guidelines established by the Association of Graduate Programs in Public Health Nutrition. The successful candidate shall be the liaison between the University program and this association.

    Earned doctorate in human nutrition or related field with competency in public health nutrition. Degree must be completed by date of appointment, and an RD or RD eligibility is preferred. The successful candidate will have the ability to collaborate with faculty in related disciplines in Agricultural Sciences, Health Education, and Medicine. S/he must demonstrate potential to develop sustained research grant support, have the ability to interface with existing commodity based research and education programs, and publish in peer-reviewed journals. Individuals with research interests in the areas of obesity, diabetes or other public health issues are particularly encouraged to apply. The successful candidate must have the ability to work effectively with students, colleagues and public health agency personnel, as well as have potential for excellence in teaching.

    Collaborative departmental research focus areas include, but are not limited to, obesity, diabetes, functional foods and food safety.

    Application Instructions: Applicants must submit cover letter, curriculum vitae, academic transcripts, research interests, teaching philosophy, and three reference letters to:
    Dr. Sara Long
    Search Chair
    Department of Animal Science, Food and Nutrition
    Southern Illinois University Carbondale
    Carbondale, IL 62901-4317
    Phone: (618) 453-7512 Fax: (618) 453-7517
    E-Mail: <>
    Department Web page: <>
    Application Deadline: Screening begins April 1, 2005 and continues until position is filled.

  • Registered Dietitians as Public Health Nutrition Consultants (PHNCs) at the State of California WIC Program
    Salary: $47,928 - $65,916

    Are you interested in a job in which you can:
    • Work for an innovative statewide public health program?
    • Be creative with lots of ideas about how to improve WIC?
    • Make a difference for women, infants and children in California?
    • Work full-time or part-time?
    • Take advantage of promotional opportunities?

    The State of California, Department of Health Services, WIC Branch has Public Health Nutrition Consultant positions available in the following areas:
    • Nutrition Education
    • Training and Career Development
    • Agency Nutrition Services
    • Nutrition Support and Policy
    • Program Support and Policy

    PHNC II positions with the WIC Branch are located in Sacramento, an ethnically diverse community, which offers world-class cultural, educational and recreational opportunities, including nearby Lake Tahoe. The WIC Branch is located in North Sacramento and offers free parking. Come check out Sacramento!

    Minimum qualifications for PHNC positions at the WIC Branch are as follows:
    • Current employment with the Department of Health Services.
    • Certificate of Registration from the Commission on Dietetic Registration of the American Dietetic Association.
    • A Master's Degree in nutrition, dietetics, institutional management or public health nutrition.
    • Professional experience in nutrition or dietetics.

    To obtain an application packet, qualified individuals should contact:
    Trisha Lawson
    Training Coordinator
    Human Resources Unit
    WIC Supplemental Nutrition Branch
    3901 Lennane Drive
    Sacramento, CA 95834
    Phone: 1-888-WIC-JOBS or (916) 928-8780
    E-mail: <>

  • Nutritionist/Dietitian
    Duke University Medical Center
    Durham, North Carolina


    To participate in an NIH-sponsored clinical trial of diet and exercise in the treatment of mild hypertension.

    Responsibilities include developing and implementing the DASH diet in an outpatient setting, providing individual and group dietary counseling, performing nutritional and dietary assessments, data entry and analysis, collaborating with a multi-disciplinary team of physicians, psychologists, exercise physiologists and nutritionists. Duke is an affirmative action/equal opportunity employer.

    Dr. James Blumenthal
    Send letter of interest, resume, and three letters of recommendation to:
    Dr. James Blumenthal
    Box 3119
    Duke University Medical Center
    Durham, NC 27710
    e-mail: <>
    telephone: (919) 684-3828; Fax: (919) 684-8629.

  • Granville-Vance District Health Department
    Oxford, N.C.
    The primary duty is to supervise the District Womens, Infants and Childrens (WIC) program. The position supervises 10 employees, organizes work schedules, oversees budgetary expenditures, modifies policies and procedures, ensures program quality and provides nutrition counseling to clients.

    Applicants should have a bachelors degree and three years experience plus ADA Commission on Dietetic Registration; or a masters degree and two years experience plus ADA Commission on Dietetic Registration; or an equivalent combination.

    Cheryl Ford
    Send signed State application with college transcripts and three work-related references to:
    P.O. Box 367
    Oxford, N.C. 27565
    (919) 693-2141 [tel]
    (919) 693-8517 [fax]

  • Public Health Institute
    Research Associate IV
    Sacramento, Calif.
    The position is open until filled and is available immediately.

    Nonprofit public health organization seeks full-time Research Associate IV (RA IV) for the Cancer Prevention and Nutrition Section (CPNS) of the California Department of Health Services in Sacramento. The RA IV works as part of a research and evaluation team under the supervision of the Research Scientist II Unit Manager and general direction of the Section Chief. The RA IV is primarily responsible for organizing, coordinating, implementing, and overseeing analysis of one or more statewide surveillance surveys of adults, teens and/or children for the California 5 a Day and California Nutrition Network Campaigns, as well as planning and implementing formative research and project evaluation with targeted campaigns, interventions and populations. The RA IV provides expertise in nutrition and/or public health and takes a leadership role in conceptualizing study designs, developing protocol, selecting and refining study measures, overseeing quality control, and developing focus group materials and telephone key informant surveys. The RA IV is also involved in supporting and monitoring consultants; overseeing testing and revision of all evaluation instruments, protocol development, and training; writing data analysis plans, working with a statistician to complete analysis, providing oversight for developing and maintaining data tables; and documenting research findings, including preparing governmental reports, peer review journal articles and presentations to professional and lay audiences. The RA IV contributes to grant writing and preparation of funding reports.

    Experience/Credentials Needed to Apply:
    Requirements: Graduation from an accredited college with graduate level coursework in statistics and research methods. Master's level degree in nutrition, public health, epidemiology or related fields required with 1-2 years work experience. Registered Dietitian preferred. Candidate must be highly organized, possess excellent verbal, written and analytical skills and be a resourceful self-starter. Working knowledge of search engines and Microsoft Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint) is essential. Starting salary is $3,874 per month annually plus excellent benefits.

    How to Apply: Please send resume, cover letter and technical writing sample that demonstrate your experience in planning and conducting nutrition-related public health research.
    Public Health Institute
    Attn: Sharon Sugerman
    555 12th Street, 10th Floor
    Department NT-136
    Oakland, CA 94607
    E-mail: <>

  • Cooperative Extension Outreach/Research, Assistant/Associate Specialist. The University of Arizona
    Tucson, Ariz.
    Start Date: July 1, 2005

    Job Description: The Department of Nutritional Sciences at the University of Arizona invites applications for a continuing-track position (12 months) available July 2005. Applicants must have a PhD in Nutrition, Food Science, Physical Activity, Public Health or related field. Experience and Registered Dietitian are required; bilingual (English/Spanish) preferred. Applicants with community outreach experience, program development and evaluation are encouraged to apply. The successful candidate is expected to obtain extramural funding, direct community outreach Extension programs and research and contribute to instruction. Review of applications begins March 31, 2005 and continues until the position is filled. The University of Arizona is an EEO/AA employer.

    Experience/Credentials Needed to Apply: Applicants must have a PhD in Nutrition, Food Science, Physical Activity, Public Health or related field. Experience and Registered Dietitian are required; bilingual (English/Spanish) preferred.

    How to Apply: Complete an on-line faculty application at <>.
    Here's the shortcut to the posted job position ad: <>, Search postings, Job number 32090.
    E-mail applications to: <>. CV, statement of interests and future goals, and names of three references should be sent to: Dr. Scottie Misner at the above contact address.

  • Two (2) Tenure-track Faculty Positions
    Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
    The Department of Dietetics and Nutrition of the College of Health Related Professions at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences invites applications for two currently available, PhD-level, assistant/associate professor positions in 1) community/public health nutrition and 2) pediatric nutrition. The department also offers a dietetic internship. The department is currently funded for 4.5 FTE faculty. Graduate student enrollment averages about 15-20 per year. The dietetic internship, also offered by the department, includes some graduate credit and enrolls 14 students per year; many internship students and graduates enter the master's program. The department is planning to develop a PhD program.

    RESPONSIBILITIES: Teach graduate courses; conduct externally funded research in nutrition; advise and direct master's students' research projects; provide service to the university, community and profession.

    MINIMUM QUALIFICATIONS: PhD in nutrition or closely related field with emphasis in public health/community nutrition or pediatric nutrition; evidence of effective teaching ability in university or community-based programs; commitment to development or continuation of a successful research program. Demonstrated success in research and grantsmanship is desirable.

    SALARY & RANK: competitive and dependent upon qualifications.
    TO APPLY: Send a letter of application, current curriculum vitae, and the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of at least three professional references to:
    Reza Hakkak, PhD
    Chairman, Department of Dietetics and Nutrition
    College of Health Related Professions
    University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
    4301 West Markham Street, # 627
    Little Rock, AR 72205-7199
    Review of applications will begin March 4, 2005 and will continue until the positions are filled.
    UAMS is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer

  • OBESITY RESEARCH/NUTRIENT SIGNALING POSITIONS available at Penn State University, College Of Medicine, Hershey, PA 17033
    Post-doctoral and research faculty positions are available to study nutrient signaling to adipose tissue and the mTOR signaling pathway in fat. We use transgenic, genetic, molecular, biochemical and proteomic approaches to address key questions concerning leucine-nutrient signaling to adipose tissue. Several novel transgenic models are available including adipose tissue-specific conditional knock out of the first step in leucine metabolism and the mTOR gene. People with experience in cell signaling, mice and metabolism are preferred for these positions. Penn State is committed to affirmative action, equal opportunity and the diversity of its workforce. Please contact Professor Christopher Lynch by e-mail for more information or send CV to <>.
    (URL: State site:

  • Faculty Positions in Exercise and Nutrition Sciences

    The University at Buffalo, State University of New York, invites applications for three faculty positions in the Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, School of Public Health and Health Professions. One position is for a tenure-track Associate Professor; the second is for a tenure-track Assistant Professor; and the third is for a Research Assistant Professor. The preferred start date is Aug. 1, 2005. Screening of applicants will begin Feb. 7, 2005 and continue until the positions are filled. Candidates should have an earned doctorate in a discipline relevant to exercise and/or nutrition, which should complement the Department's current research strengths in applied physiology, biomechanics, and basic and clinical nutrition. Postdoctoral experience for the Assistant Professor positions is preferred. A record of outstanding achievement in research with publications in high quality journals is desired, commensurate with rank.
    Successful candidates will be expected to develop an independent research program, seek external funding, and contribute to teaching and service. Candidates should submit 1) a letter of application, 2) a curriculum vitae, 3) a brief statement of future research plans, and 4) the names and contact information for three references to:
    Ms. M. Lannen
    Assistant to the Chair
    Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
    Kimball Tower, Room 405
    University at Buffalo
    Buffalo, NY 14214-3079

  • Vice Chair, Faculty, and Post-doctoral Positions

    University of Kansas Medical Center
    The Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health ( is a dynamic, multidisciplinary group of 24 faculty with funding in cancer prevention, preventive cardiology, obesity, nutrition, breast cancer, smoking cessation, substance abuse, and outcomes research. The department is embarking on an ambitious expansion and is recruiting tenure track or tenured faculty and post-doctoral fellows. The areas of recruitment are for a developing program in nutrition, obesity and physical activity and an established program in nicotine and tobacco dependence. One faculty and one postdoctoral position will focus on candidates with experience in neuroimaging, especially in nicotine addiction or obesity. Candidates should have a medical degree (MD) or a doctoral degree in epidemiology, statistics/biostatistics, nutrition, health education, social/behavioral sciences, health communications or psychology. Faculty will have varying (based on experience, interest, and funding) teaching and mentoring responsibilities with MPH and medical students. A new MS degree in clinical research begins this Fall 2004, and plans are underway to develop a doctoral program.
    The department has a strong track record in assisting junior faculty engage in mentored research and obtain independent funding. Excellent collaborative research opportunities exist with the Kansas Masonic Cancer Research Institute, the Center for Physical Activity and Weight Management, the Center on Aging, the Hoglund Brain Imaging Center, and the Departments of Health Policy, Nutrition, Internal Medicine, Family Medicine, Pediatrics, and Psychology. The Medical Center is a full-service, tertiary care center, in Kansas City, a rapidly growing city of 1.5 million.

    The primary responsibility of the faculty and post-doctoral fellows will be to assist in building active programs of research. An attractive recruitment package will be offered appropriate to the candidate's rank and experience. The university and department have a longstanding commitment to achieving diversity among faculty, staff, and students.
    • Vice-Chair: Associate or Full Professor with a track record in extramurally funded research. The primary responsibility is to assist in building of active programs of research and department administration.

    • Faculty (three positions): Assistant, Associate or Full Professor with ample protected time to build strong extramurally funded research programs.

    • Postdoctoral Fellowships (two positions): Appointments for 2-3 years with flexible start dates, competitive salaries, excellent resources for career development, and liberal benefits. Fellowships tailored to individual's career goals including opportunities for grant writing, teaching, clinical work, MPH or MS. Clinical Research degree, and authorship on manuscripts. Mentoring is available from psychologists, physicians, epidemiologists, and statisticians.

    Review of applications and nominations will begin immediately. Post-doctoral Fellows apply on-line only at Search for position #M0202267. Faculty applicants send a cover letter (please specify for which position) with summary of research interests and past work, CV, and three letters of references to:

    Jasjit S. Ahluwalia, MD, MPH, MS
    Attn: Le-Thu Erazmus, MSE
    Sosland Family Chair and Professor
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
    University of Kansas Medical Center
    Mail-Stop 1008
    3901 Rainbow Boulevard

  • Post-doctoral Position, Exercise/Aging/Energy Metabolism

    Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH

    A postdoctoral position is immediately available to work on NIH funded research examining exercise and diet interventions in the treatment of insulin resistance in aging. Our laboratory utilizes a bench-to-bedside approach to tackle the complex problems arising from a sedentary lifestyle in today's modern world. This is an opportunity to develop skills and research training in human clinical studies at the whole body, cellular, and molecular level. The research environment at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and the Schwartz Center for Metabolism and Nutrition at MetroHealth Medical Center offers outstanding potential for interdisciplinary collaboration and training. Qualifications Applicants must have a PhD, or equivalent degree, with a background in Physiology, Exercise Physiology, Nutrition, or a related area of science. Expertise in Western blot analysis, immunoblotting, RT-PCR, Elisa and RIA procedures is desirable. Good writing skills are essential. Responsibilities Primary responsibilities will include management and implementation of the muscle component of the study specifically, examining the mechanisms of insulin resistance in skeletal muscle. Additional responsibilities will include subject recruitment, data analysis, and manuscript and grant writing. Opportunities to participate in all aspects of the research are also available including data collection using the euglycemic clamp procedure, stable isotopes, calorimetry, body composition, CT and NMR scanning, exercise and dietary interventions.

    Application Information Send a letter of application, CV, transcripts and contact information of three professional references to:
    John P. Kirwan, PhD
    Schwartz Center for Metabolism and Nutrition
    Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
    MetroHealth Medical Center
    Rm G733B, Bell Greve Bldg
    2500 MetroHealth Drive
    Cleveland, OH 44109

  • Associate or Full Professor Behavioral Scientist

    Northwestern University Chicago, IL, USA

    Salary: Negotiable

    Candidate's Qualifications (who should apply):

    Senior scholar (MD or PhD) with a strong research background as demonstrated by extramurally funded research, publications in peer-reviewed journals, and stature appropriate for the rank of Associate or Full Professor (with tenure or tenure eligible)

    Position Description:

    The Feinberg School of Medicine in downtown Chicago is recruiting an accomplished Behavioral Scientist for a full-time faculty position for appointment in the Department of Preventive Medicine with membership in the Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University. The successful candidate will be responsible for expanding and building a strong program of behavioral cancer research. In addition, he/she will provide leadership and mentoring for post-doctoral fellows interested in behavioral aspects of cancer prevention research for our recently funded NCI R25 Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Training Grant. Salary and start date are negotiable.

    The Department of Preventive Medicine has undergone considerable expansion in biostatistics and epidemiology over the last five years and now contains 24 full-time faculty with funding in cancer epidemiology, cardiovascular epidemiology, HIV/AIDS, nutrition and biostatistics. We are home to an accredited MPH degree program, as well as four large NIH training grants. The Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University is the only NCI-designated comprehensive cancer center in the state of Illinois.

    How to Apply:

    Details on how to apply can be found at:
    Review of applications will begin immediately and continue until the position is filled. Interested individuals should send a cover letter describing their academic experience/interests and curriculum vitae to:

    Susan M. Gapstur, PhD, MPH
    Associate Director of Cancer Prevention and Control
    Department of Preventive Medicine
    Feinberg School of Medicine
    680 N Lake Shore Drive, Suite 1102
    Chicago, IL 60611

For additional employment opportunities, visit:


Become a Partner in National Public Health Week

Join APHA in observing National Public Health Week as a national or local partner! NPHW 2005, to take place April 4-10, will focus on empowering Americans to live stronger, longer. Today, many individuals and their families, as well as communities and policy-makers, are not taking the preventive actions necessary to keep aging Americans stronger and healthier throughout their later years. As a result, older Americans often endure chronic physical and mental illnesses that could have been avoided or diminished if they were more proactively addressed. At APHA, we believe that it is never too late to address these issues. During NPHW, APHA and its partners will promote the three “Ps” in adding more healthy years to life: Prevent, Protect and Plan.

To become a local or national partner, please sign up at <>. There is no cost to being a partner because we know the success of NPHW will depend on the energy of our national and local partnerships. If you have any questions, please contact Lakitia Mayo at (202) 777-2515 or at <>.

Purchase Your APHA Annual Meeting Photos Online Now

Hundreds of photos from the 132nd APHA Annual Meeting can be viewed and purchased online for a limited time. From the Annual Meeting opening session with environmental advocate Erin Brockovich to the closing session with Kenneth Olden, director of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, photographers were on hand in Washington, D.C., Nov. 6-10, capturing the meeting events.

The photos now available online include the APHA Celebration, APHA Awards Celebration and Committee on Affiliates reception as well as many scientific sessions, socials and other events. Web users can browse the complete Annual Meeting photo library or view photos by day. Hard copies of the photos can be ordered via the Web site for $5 for 4x6 prints, $8 for 5x7 prints, $15 for 8x10 prints and $40 for 11x14 prints, plus shipping/handling charges and taxes, if applicable.

To view or order photos, go to <> and click on the link for “Photographs from the 2004 Annual Meeting” or visit <> and click on “American Public Health Association.” The photos, which were taken by Jowdy Photography of San Antonio, Texas, will be available for purchase online through March 1.

2005 Call for APHA Association-Wide Award Nominations

The American Public Health Association is now accepting nominations for several extraordinary public health leadership awards. The deadline for nominations is April 30, 2005. For more information, go to <>. Awards will be presented at the APHA 133rd Annual Meeting in November.Apply Now for the 2005 Crumbine Award
The Samuel J. Crumbine Consumer Protection Award for Excellence in Food Protection at the Local Level is seeking submissions for its 2005 program. The Crumbine Award is given for excellence and continual improvement in a comprehensive program of food protection at the local level. Deadline for entries is March 15, 2005. To learn more about the award or to apply, please visit <>.

Pacific Health Education Center (<>) is starting a three-year weight loss study providing weekly community support for 200 obese family members to lose 30 pounds and join the National Weight Control Registry. For more information go to . Please e-mail suggestions for study parameters to Food and Nutrition member Andy Ng at <>.
Andy Ng
healthdoctor@hotmail (home) (work)
661-633-5300 X 314


Zettie D. Page III, director, Division of Quality Improvement, Office of Accountability, Washington, D.C. Department of Mental Health, has been invited to be a guest editor of Stress, Trauma and Crisis: An International Journal for a double issue entitled “Poverty, Mental Health and its correlates.” The focus includes both micro/macro perspectives at the individual, group or organizational level experience of the stress, trauma or crisis of poverty, mental illness and associated correlates. Interested authors who are engaged in research on this topic are invited to consider submitting a manuscript for this double issue. Currently, the timeline for completed manuscripts is December 2004 through February 2005. The double issue is anticipated to be in print fall 2005 initially in journal form to be followed by publication in hard and soft-cover book format.

Further information and instructions for authors may be obtained by e-mailing <>.

If you have an idea or topic that you would like to discuss for possible submission, contact:
Dr. Zettie D. Page III
104 Fort Dr NE, Suite #5,
Washington, D.C. 20011
(202) 635-5007, e-mail: <>.

Highlights from 132nd Annual Meeting and Exposition, Nov. 6-10, 2004, Washington, D.C.