Injury Control and Emergency Health Services
Notes from the Chair
Greetings ICEHS members and friends,
APHA is widely recognized as the leading professional membership organization for health promotion and prevention activities in the US. Uniquely positioned to represent and advocate for issues essential to eliminating health disparities, APHA serves, among other things, as somewhat of a watchdog for policies and legislation detrimental or supportive of the health of Americans, particularly the underserved. No other organization is capable of performing this unbiased, objective oversight across the full spectrum of issues confronting the well-being of Americans. A major source of both this influential organizational position and the unique APHA perspective is the strength, breadth, and sheer number of members in its sections and SPIGS. As the economy struggles and grant funding opportunities tighten and members begin evaluating their expenditures, APHA and ICEHS membership should not be among their considered cut-backs.
APHA has made it easy for members to conduct advocacy on key issues relevant to their specific sections as well as to general public health. Last year, approximately 7,400 APHA members responded to APHA’s electronic advocacy alerts. Visit the advocacy section of their website to view, keep abreast of issues, or take action: http://www.capwiz.com/apha/home/. There are several current and upcoming issues relevant to injury, violence, and emergency health services: mental health parity legislation, strengthening of the public health workforce, climate change, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s ability to regulate tobacco products, the transportation bill and Medicaid regulations. Your electronic letters influence the priority that legislators place on these bills so leverage your association with APHA.
While APHA membership is down slightly, ICEHS appears to be up by approximately 2.5% compared to the same month last year. Nancy Nachreiner and her regional chairs have been successful in their efforts to maintain ICEHS membership despite the increase in membership dues. Our aim is to get membership back to the 500 mark by the annual meeting. If you are receiving this newsletter as a friend rather than as a member of ICEHS, consider joining your colleagues who are section members. APHA members can join ICEHS through APHA’s electronic multi-membership arrangement for an additional $30 per year. Join us!
I have asked that all ICEHS committees conduct audio conference calls in July and August to plan their next year’s activities and in preparation for their role in the upcoming annual meeting. One of the annual meeting ICEHS business meetings will include roundtables and time for committee co-chairs and interested members to link up and make plans for the upcoming year. An ICEHS adhoc committee not yet on the website has been formed and will be holding audio meetings in July and August on disparities in injury, violence, and emergency services as they relate to the Healthy People 2020 initiative. Contact email@example.com to indicate interest in being included on the call. If you are interested in participating in other committees, visit our website for contact information:
Etienne Krug has announced that the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) are planning to publish a Bulletin on Child and Adolescent Injury in May 2009. It is anticipated that 5 injury mechanisms will be addressed in the report: Road traffic injuries, burns/scalds, drowning, poisoning, and falls. Visit the WHO website for details:
The deadline for submitting related articles and papers is September 1, 2008. For ICEHS members residing in the U.S., the CDC (firstname.lastname@example.org) has indicated an interest in being the point person for submissions related to the U.S.
We look forward to visiting on our upcoming committee audio calls,
Joyce Pressley, Ph.D, M.P.H.
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Update on External Cause Coding
The Public Policy Committee Needs You!
The good news: APHA approved a revised position statement, “Improving external cause coding in hospital discharge data.” The even better news: This provides an opportunity for ICEHS members interested in policy or data issues to join in a wide array of collaborative efforts aimed at implementation of the recommendations.
The Public Policy Committee needs members of ICEHS to provide the infrastructure for the development and distribution of injury related policy initiatives. Our mission is to develop public positions on issues of relevance and benefit to members of ICEHS and advocate for their implementation as well as support relevant policy positions of other private organizations, public agencies or APHA sections.
In 2008, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) published an article on the “Recommended Strategies to Improve E-coding in State Based Hospital Discharge and Emergency Department Data Systems.” In addition to recent external cause coding position statements by APHA, CSTE, ASTHO, STIPDA and SAVIR, the MMWR article will be the catalyst to enhance and improve E-coding in the United States. E-coding rates have been essentially stagnant since the 1990’s. The article provides understanding of the role of E-Coding in injury prevention and discusses the need for high quality E-coded data for injury surveillance and prevention. It highlights efforts in a few states and makes three sets of recommendations: (1) improving communication among stakeholders, (2) improving collections of E-codes, and (3) improving the usefulness of E-coded data for injury prevention efforts.
For 2008, the focus of the ICEHS Public Policy Committee will include:
- Implementation of the recently approved APHA policy resolution on “Improving external cause coding in hospital discharge data”
- Promotion of awareness of the MMWR article devoted to external cause coding published in March, 2008
- Development of an external cause coding campaign tool kit
- Promotion of ICEHS membership participation in relevant APHA advocacy initiatives
According to Sue Gallagher, co-chair of the committee and a member of the Action Board of APHA, “This is the most important work in which the ICEHS section will engage to improve the quality of non-fatal injury data for both practitioners and researchers over the next five years.”
The committee needs at least five highly energetic and collaborative ICEHS members to carry out these tasks:
- Participate in a monthly conference call
- Identify 20 organizations and draft a letter for APHA to send them regarding joining us on promoting external cause coding
- Conduct follow-up phone calls with each recipient of the letter
- Identify key organizations responsible for hospital discharge data in each state and draft a letter for APHA to send them regarding promotion of external cause coding
- In conjunction with STIPDA, ask each state injury program director to do a follow-up call or meeting
- Develop three to five talking points relevant to external cause coding for dissemination at the national state and local levels
- Develop a one page fact sheet with what ICEHS members can do at the local and state level to promote external cause coding
- Revise the external cause code brochure “E-Codes – the Missing Link in Injury Prevention”
- Solicit funds or voluntary support for printing and dissemination of campaign materials
- Send campaign tool kit to all ICEHS members and identified national organizations
Members interested in pursuing this exciting push forward for injury prevention are asked to contact Co-Chairs:
Sue Gallagher (email@example.com) or
Fred von Recklinghausen (Friedrich.M.von.Recklinghausen@Hitchcock.org)
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Proposed APHA Forum on Built Environment Standards and Law
As part of APHA’s effort to enhance cross-cutting activity among various APHA sections, work is underway to establish a new Forum on Built Environment Standards and Law. APHA requires that at least 75 APHA members indicate an interest in being a member of such a Forum and, already, nearly this number have signed on, especially among those attending the APHA conference in November. Other interested members of ICEHS are now specifically invited to add their names in support of this new Forum as they are counted on for significant input to the work of the new Forum. As we all appreciate, injury prevention can be affected by the design, construction, and use of built environments in the form of dwellings and many other facilities. Our prevention efforts are impacted by laws and standards, taking many forms.
Membership in a forum neither affects ones section membership(s) nor involves any cost. Interested members are asked to contact Forum organizer Jake Pauls at firstname.lastname@example.org to be put on the list of interested APHA members. Simply send an Email to email@example.com with “Forum” in the subject line and, in the body of the Email, your full name and your state of residence/work (as shown in your APHA membership file). Later this year you will have the opportunity to comment on the application being submitted to APHA so please take this first step to make sure that the interests of injury prevention are well represented in this new Forum.
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For those of you interested in injury mortality data and how rates compare with other causes of death, I am really pleased to tell you about a new feature in CDC's WONDER.
If you go to http://wonder.cdc.gov/ and click on Mortality- underlying cause of death and then choose Mortality for 1999 - 2004 with ICD 10 codes you will be taken to what appears at first to be the traditional mortality pages for WONDER…but if you scroll down you will find a brand new Section 5 that will allow you to select injury categories either by intent or by mechanism (or both) according to the external cause of injury matrix for ICD-10 (we will soon be working with the wonderful WONDER team to add the ICD-9 version).
What this allows you to do is not only compare injury deaths and rates by mechanism and/or intent categories with each other but also among other categories in the 113 standard cause of death list. For example, comparisons can readily be made between motor vehicle traffic deaths, poisoning deaths, cancer deaths and heart disease deaths. This is a tremendous asset to those of us in the injury epidemiology field who have not had this simple interactive tool before. Both the mechanism and the intent groupings are in Section 1- Organize table layout. You will notice that all of the non-injury categories are listed in the category of Injury mechanisms and all other leading causes to allow the user to select what comparisons are wanted. Likewise, all non-injuries are combined into one group in the Intent category. HELP screens are available throughout the section.
Most importantly, none of the original capabilities of the underlying cause of death part of WONDER have been lost--this is an add-on feature.
Lois Fingerhut, MA; Special Assistant for Injury Epidemiology
Chair, International Collaborative Effort on Injury Statistics
National Center for Health Statistics
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Second Asia Pacific Injury Prevention Conference
The 2nd Asia Pacific Injury Prevention Conference will be held in Ha Noi, November 2nd-6th, 2008, in conjunction with the conference of the Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health (APACPH). For more information, see:
This is an opportunity to present your work, hear about the interesting work in the region, visit a vibrant and lovely country, and eat some terrific food! The program has a series of injury themes (see web site) and also has room for suggestions or participants to develop special sessions.
- Deadline for submission of Abstracts: 30 May 2008
- Conference Registration: 30 June 2008
- Early bird registration: 30 July 2008
- Deadline for registration: 31 October 2008
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The 'Thunder of History' in Archives of the Theater and in the American Journal of Public Health Association
My wife and I recently saw the theater play, The Drowsy Chaperone, that begins when a die-hard musical theater fan plays his favorite archival cast album, and the musical magically bursts to life! The funny tale of a glamorous bride and her uproarious wedding day is complete with thrills and surprises.
It was great to relax and enjoy the play's thrills... and then some unexpected (sic) surprises: One of the songs, "Accidents Will Happen," and brief vignettes on the "Oops Girl"- wherever she went, she caused an "accident".
So, what was happening in the USA circa 1928, the setting for the original performance? What was the 'thunder of history' on injury prevention - the flow on injury prevention which could not be modified regardless of what was done back then? Thankfully, that question, in part, was answered by our AJPH archives (if you haven't yet, do go to www.ajph.org and see all our Journal's archives) by searching the word 'accident' in the archive section.
From a section of the 1929 Journal, here's an injury control leadership historical archival sampler - compliments and with the permission of the AJPH to our ICEHS Section to reproduce and distribute (with that permission note):
American Journal of Public Health
and THE NATION'S HEALTH Vol. XI No. 2
Volume XIX February, 1929 Number 2
Our National Accident Problem
CHARLES B. SCOTT
President, Bureau of Safety, Chicago, Ill.
( Read before the Vital Statistics Section of the American Public Health Association at the Fifty-seventh Annual Meeting at Chicago, Ill., October 16, 1928.)
It was estimated that in the year 1927, there were 95,500 persons killed in accidents in the United States, an increase of 4 per cent over 1926. If the increase this year is as great, the number for 1928 will be almost 100,000. The probable loss of 100,000 lives in accidents in one year certainly constitutes an important national problem. Its importance is emphasized by a comparison with other causes of death. U.S. Bureau of the Census figures for 1926 indicate that in that year, there were only 6 diseases with higher death rates than the rate for accidents. These were heart disease, pneumonia, nephritis, cancer, tuberculosis, and cerebral hemorrhage. For men only, the importance of accidents is even more striking. In the year 1926 there were only two diseases among men which caused more deaths than were caused by accidents. These were heart disease and pneumonia. For women only, accidents stand 7th in importance among the various causes of death. We have not sufficient information to classify accurately these 95,500 fatalities in accordance with the place where the accident occurred. We do know quite definitely, however, that about 25,800 of them were the result of automobile accidents. This is an increase of 1,050 per cent in number of deaths since 1911, and an increase of 400 per cent in the death rate per 100,000 population since 1913. This information on automobile deaths is made available through the records of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. But to what are the remaining 70,000 deaths due? In addition to these motor vehicle accidents there are several other main groups of accidents on which our information is less complete. There are in addition to motor vehicle accidents other accidents that occur in public places but where a motor vehicle is not involved. In addition there are accidents occurring in industry and in homes. By a process which necessarily includes a great deal of guess work, statisticians of the National Safety Council estimate that about 25,000 of these 70,000 deaths occur in home accidents, another 25,000 in industrial accidents, and the remaining 19,700 in public (not motor vehicle) accidents. The seriousness of our accident problem is emphasized by a comparison with those in other countries. Whereas the death rate from accidents in this country in 1926, according to the U.S. Bureau of the Census reports, was 78.6, the accidental death rate in England and Wales was only 35.6, in Scotland 44.9, and in New Zealand 52.3. These are the only foreign rates available but I am sure that if the records of other countries were before us we should find the United States well in the lead on the question of accidents as a cause of death. Some interesting changes have occurred in accidental death rates over a period of years. In 1913, which is ordinarily taken as a normal pre-war year, the death rate from accidents was 85.5 per 100,000 population. This may be contrasted with the 80.5 per 100,000 in 1927, which is a drop of six per cent. The decrease has not been a consistent one, however, there being a gradual decline up to 1921 when the accidental death rate was 68.7 and an increase since that time. The decrease from 1913 to 1921 was 20 per cent and the increase from 1921 to 1927, 17 per cent. If the accidental death rate in 1927 had been as high as in 1913 there would have been 101,400 lives lost in accidents last year, or 5,900 more than the actual loss. If, however, the 1927 rate had been as low as that of 1921 the loss would have been only 81,500, 14,000 less than actually met death in this way. The death rates from accidental causes are by no means uniform in the various age groups. Children are particularly subject to the hazards of accidents. On the basis of U.S. Bureau of the Census data there are only two diseases which cause more deaths among children from 1 to 4 years of age than accidents. These are bronchial pneumonia, and diarrhea and enteritis. Between the ages 5 and 14 years the situation is even more severe, for we find that accidents cause more deaths than does any disease. No one will deny that tuberculosis takes a heavy toll of lives between the ages 10 and 20 years and yet we find that in the first half of this period accidents cause twice as many deaths as tuberculosis, and in the second half two thirds as many deaths as tuberculosis. These figures prove beyond any doubt that the national accident problem is indeed a serious one. Organized safety work began in industry. The National Safety Council was formed by industrial people who realized the importance of accidents both in their own plants and to society as a whole. Over the last 15 years interest in accident prevention work has extended to every phase of our national life, and therefore the scope of the council's activity has accordingly broadened. Throughout all this development it has again and again been proved that effective accident prevention work must be based upon complete data relative to accident causes. This is strikingly true in the industrial accident field, in which I have had most of my personal experience in accident prevention work. May I mention just one experience? Very complete records of accidents that were kept under my supervision of safety work in certain public utilities indicated that, over a period of years, only seven per cent of the accidents were charged to electricity. On the face of it this would not seem to be outstandingly important among all causes of accidents. However, further investigation of the records showed that these same accidents, while they amounted to but seven per cent of the total number of accidents, resulted in 75 per cent of the total number of fatalities. This was clear evidence of the importance of the electrical hazard, and of the necessity for more stringent requirements to combat it. This is mentioned to show that detailed information on the circumstances and causes of accidents should form the basis of effective prevention work. We are not sure how rapidly the industrial accident problem is being solved, because complete data on the subject are not available. We do know that in many instances industrial firms by careful analysis of their accident records, and persistent application of safety methods, have produced amazingly fine results. But at the very best the only information about accidents that can be obtained by industries will relate to industrial accidents only, and as a matter of fact it is only in industries covered by compensation laws that we have gotten very far along this line. We need data on industrial accidents that are not covered by compensation laws and we need data on the other 70,000 fatalities each year.
W. THURBER FALES, FELLOW APHA
State Registrar, State Board of Health, Montgomery, Ala.
Do read the discussion at www.ajph.org and if used, do credit the Journal, which gave us permission to duplicate and use in our work.
I as one historian-archivist in our field am happy to get the past right, let alone predict the future! The roaring 1920's was the historical platform for better data on injury causes to better shifting of American leaders' views from the increased toll of work site, motor vehicle and aeronautical accidents. The 'thunder of history' framework, however, was that 'accidents' happen and the major responsibility of the victim was to be careful. It would be many decades before the 1920's 'thunder of history' ended (by post WWII innovations, perhaps mostly) and a new framework of better injury reporting, more passive guards on work machinery, safety glass in car windshields, highway traffic lights - long after the NSC memberships' public safety programs ... and later to the very slow beginnings of airplane, automobile and consumer product safety engineering and practice systems.
So, The Drowsy Chaperone is a new entertaining Broadway musical with a flavor of the past for the present. As in the past 'thunder of history', is our current 'thunder of history' present in our values, activities and interactions on better injury prevention state and federal funding or in the reduction of firearms injury, both during a time of severe national economics?
Darned if I know, I am not the injury prevention prophet from Delmar, NY; however, I am optimistic for our continued leadership leveraging for prevention, control and amelioration of the injury scourge.
But, what I do know after 45 years in injury prevention research, practice, education /advocacy is: the formative process is sometimes the outcome, and our job is to not, always (per Perke Avot), to complete the task but to move it forward. And our history can only show what problems others have had earlier and their efforts to improve our injury prevention and control leadership systems.
Keep plugging and spend some time also 'resharpening your saw' with avocation entertainments, so as to 'relight your fire' on injury control leadership!
These opinions are mine alone.
copyrighted 2007 Les Fisher
Les Fisher, M.P.H
Safety/Leadership Consultant, (Archivist, American Public Health Association, Injury Control and Emergency Health Services Section - www.icehs.org - See my monthly newsletter commentaries and monographs at the members-only section of the web site, on the history of injury control leadership.
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Health in the Federal Transportation Bill
The Healthy Eating Active Living Convergence Partnership is a collaborative of six major health funders in the United States that are interested in promoting environmental change approaches to improving health, particularly around healthy eating and active living. The Partnership has identified the upcoming reauthorization of the federal surface transportation bill, SAFETEA-LU, as an important opportunity to build momentum for environmental change work and increase attention to health outcomes in federal transportation policy.
The Convergence Partnership is funding the American Public Health Association to be on the executive committee of the Transportation for America Campaign (http://www.t4america.org/), in order to bring a health perspective to advocacy efforts in the reauthorization process. SAFETEA-LU currently includes some components that highlight the importance of safety and injury prevention, but a broader emphasis on health outcomes from transportation related activities and increased support for health priorities in the bill is needed. The federal transportation bill presents an opportunity to bring attention to transportation policy’s effects on health and increase funding for much needed efforts and programs like injury prevention, public transit, bicycling and pedestrian programs, and impacts and opportunities for low income communities and communities of color, among others. It is important that the Transportation for America Campaign, other efforts to increase attention to health in federal transportation policy work, and anyone interested in becoming involved in this work, identify ways to work synergistically and maximize influence on the bill that will ultimately take shape. Prevention Institute (http://preventioninstitute.org/) and PolicyLink (http://www.policylink.org/) are working with the Convergence Partnership to continue identifying partners and resources to better understand the role health can play in transportation policy and the best way to frame recommendations to get the most traction.
On the ICEHS leadership conference call, several people volunteered to help draft a policy statement for APHA on this issue. Others are needed to provide assistance and support. If you are interested and also if you have sections of representatives of other APHA sections who would have interest in this effort, please contact Larry@preventioninstitute.org and Janani Srikantharajah (Janani@preventioninstitute.org).
Background on the Convergence Partnership:
In 2006, a collaboration of funders came together to create the Healthy Eating Active Living Convergence Partnership, with the shared goal of changing policies and environments to better achieve the vision of healthy people living in healthy places. The steering committee includes representatives from The California Endowment, Kaiser Permanente, Nemours, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and the W.K. Kellogg Foundation. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention serve as critical technical advisors on the committee. Visit www.convergencepartnership.org for more information.
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Call for ICEHS Violence Committee
In efforts to reinvigorate public health efforts around violence, ICEHS, the APHA Injury Section, is in the process of putting together a violence committee. The Violence Committee aims to bring the issue of violence to the forefront of public health, and is sending a call out to all APHA violence prevention experts, practitioners, policymakers, and other interested individuals to take part in the committee. Upcoming activities for the Violence Committee include: quarterly conference calls, assisting in the coordination of a session at this year’s APHA (2008), and planning of a day-long series of sessions on violence for next year’s APHA conference (2009). Larry Cohen of Prevention Institute has agreed to co-chair the committee with his Prevention Institute colleague, Sonia Lee. A third co-chair is being considered at the moment. We will start with an injury section call and then have a broader cross-sectional meeting. For those who are interested in participating in the violence committee, please contact Sonia at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Safe Kids Worldwide Child Injury Prevention Conference October 15-18, 2008 in DC
Safe Kids Worldwide Child Injury Prevention Conference October 15-18, 2008 in DC
As Safe Kids Worldwide continues to develop programs and find innovative ways to reduce unintentional injuries to children, we invite your participation. Representatives from our 16 member countries and government officials will come together to exchange ideas, discuss challenges and share solutions during the Safe Kids Worldwide Child Injury Prevention Conference Oct. 15-18, 2008, in Washington D.C. The conference is intended for public health professionals, students, public safety specialists, injury prevention advocates, and others involved in injury prevention or related fields. New this year is our international track, highlighting the global reach of injury prevention.
If you are interested in receiving more information about the conference please click on the following link: http://www.surveymonkey.com/s.aspx?sm=ihQSCXOKaYlBGZOkDSfjAw_3d_3d
Abstracts will be accepted from April 15 – June 15, 2008. If you are interested in submitting an abstract, please click on the following link: http://www.safekids.org/conference2008/
Please forward questions to email@example.com
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Doctoral Training Opportunities
Occupational Injury Prevention Research Training Program
Institute of Medicine publications have identified serious deficiencies in graduate preparation in injury prevention within Occupational Safety and Health education and training; yet, such preparation is considered essential in reducing the burden of occupational injury which accounts for a major proportion of lost work days and overall costs to employers as well as significant consequences to the injured employees. Numbers of personnel trained to conduct research and serve as academic faculty in the occupational injury prevention area are totally inadequate to meet existing needs at the regional and national levels.
The Occupational Injury Prevention Research Training Program (OIPRTP) addresses these deficiencies and builds on extensive high quality training and research experiences dating back to 1980 that have achieved national and international recognition. This program incorporates advanced training through curriculum and trainee research opportunities that involve multidisciplinary collaborations with experts in occupational injury epidemiology, engineering and human factors/ergonomics, safety, medicine, and the social sciences including occupational psychology. Integration of public health/epidemiology and engineering approaches, in concert with educational and legislative approaches, enables students to interact with all of the disciplines represented in public health and occupational health and safety, thereby encouraging them to use resources beyond their own area of interest and to apply their knowledge across a broad range of situations. Graduates are prepared to assume academic and research positions in various institutions including academic institutions, corporate and industrial settings, health agencies, and health care facilities.
For more comprehensive information, go to: http://enhs.umn.edu/oiprtp/
Susan Goodwin Gerberich, Ph.D., Co-Director, OIPRTP
Bruce H. Alexander, Ph.D., Co-Director, OIPRTP
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UN Resolution on Road Safety Passes!
On March 31, 2008, the United Nations General Assembly approved the first-ever global UN Conference on road safety, in an effort to reduce the rapidly growing death toll on the world’s roads. The full resolution was sponsored by the UN Mission of the Sultanate of Oman and the Russian Federation and backed by many other countries. Several ICEHS Section Members, including Section Chair Joyce Pressley, attended the proceedings at UN headquarters in New York.
|ICEHS members Bella Dinh-Zarr and David Sleet with ICEHS Chair Joyce Pressley (Center) at UN Headquarters. Photo courtesy of Bella Dinh-Zarr.|
|APHA President and ICEHS member Linda Degutis with Make Roads Safe Youth Ambassadors. Photo courtesy of Bella Dinh-Zarr.|
The UN Conference, with participation at least at the Ministerial level, will be held in Moscow in late 2009. The Make Roads Safe Campaign for Global Road Safety, composed of members around the world including APHA and the ICEHS Section, has strongly advocated for such a governmental meeting.
APHA President and ICEHS Section Member Linda Degutis signed an open letter in support of these UN road safety efforts that was published in newspapers around the world. She was joined by: Johns Hopkins Center for Injury Research & Policy Founding Director (and ICEHS Section Member) Susan P. Baker; the longest serving U.S. Secretary of Transportation Norman Y. Mineta; President of the Indian National Congress Sonia Gandhi; and three Nobel Peace Prize Laureates, U.S. President Jimmy Carter, Costa Rica President Oscar Arias, and Archbishop Desmond Tutu.
APHA President Linda Degutis with Make Roads Safe youth ambassadors
Lord Robertson, Chairman of the Commission for Global Road Safety, which first proposed a global Ministerial conference in its Make Roads Safe report of 2006, addressed the UN General Assembly met with UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to discuss the global road safety crisis. He said:
“I am delighted that the UN has today recognised the scale of human suffering and economic loss caused by road traffic deaths and injuries. Now we must ensure that the UN Conference is not just another talking shop, but secures real commitments and takes real action to reverse the tide of global road deaths.”
During the General Assembly session, the UN heard that road deaths are now the number one killer of young people aged 10-24 worldwide. Overall, each year more than1.2 million people are killed and 50 million injured. The latest forecasts show that unless action is taken, more than twenty million lives could be lost from 2000-2015, with a doubling of the annual death rate by 2030.
Advocates will be promoting a strong agenda for action to the 2009 UN Ministerial conference, including:
- Calling on the international community to fund, at minimum, a 10 year, $300 million, action plan to increase road safety capacity in middle and low income countries;
Bella Dinh-Zarr, Joyce Pressley, and David Sleet at UN Headquarters.
- To ensure that 10% of road infrastructure budgets funded by international donors should be earmarked for safety.
For more information:
Open Letter to the United Nations:
Secretary Mineta Op Ed in Washington Post:
Desmond Tutu Op Ed in The Independent (UK):
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2008 Joint Annual Meeting of STIPDA & CDC: A Great Success
The 2008 Joint Annual Meeting of STIPDA & CDC Core State Injury Grantees was truly an extraordinary event! Over 170 registered attendees from across the United States convened in Oklahoma City, OK to participate in the four-day meeting.
Pre-conference sessions included an enjoyable Membership Committee session, entitled “An Insider’s Guide to STIPDA,” immediately followed by a Welcome Reception and exciting Silent Auction event, which raised nearly $2,200 to support STIPDA’s programs, initiatives, and advocacy work on behalf of STIPDA members.
Bestselling author, Dan Heath, officially kicked off the Annual Meeting with an outstanding opening session keynote address and presentation about how public health professionals can “make their messages stick.” The meeting continued with exceptional presentations from injury and violence prevention professionals from around the country, including excellent keynote speeches from Dr. Ileana Arias, Director of the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Dr. Frances Butterfoss of Eastern Virginia Medical School.
Throughout the meeting, STIPDA members and CDC grantees had an opportunity to participate in engaging discussions, learn new skills and best practices, and obtain newly developed reports and tools, including the Rural Youth Suicide Prevention Workgroup’s report entitled, Preventing Rural Youth Suicide: Recommendations to States, as well as 2008 National Fact Sheets, and state advocacy toolkits for NCIPC priority areas. Members also had the opportunity to network with injury and violence prevention professionals from across the nation, while enjoying the sights and sounds of exciting, historic Oklahoma City.
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ICEHS Call for Late-Breaker Abstracts
Submission Deadline: July 11, 2008, 11:59 PM PST
APHA's Injury Control and Emergency Health Services Section is inviting abstracts to be submitted for two Late-Breaker Sessions to occur at the 2008 APHA Annual Meeting in San Diego, CA. The poster session is scheduled for Tuesday, October 28 from 12:30 PM to 1:30 PM. The oral session is scheduled for Wednesday, October 29, from 8:30 AM to 10:00 AM.
These sessions are a forum for presentation of research findings and events that have been produced or transpired recently (i.e., after the February deadline of the original ICEHS Call for Abstracts). A brief statement should be included in the abstract (or in the expanded summary, described below) that justifies how the work meets this criterion of being “late-breaking.”
The Section will accept abstracts of no more than 250 words (structured as: Background/Purpose, Methods, Results/Outcomes, and Conclusions) between June 12, 2008 and July 11, 2008, 11:59 PM PST. An expanded summary of the paper must be submitted with the abstract. The average length of an expanded summary is 500 words (maximum limit of 2,000). Its purpose is to provide additional information to help reviewers judge the relevance and quality of your work. It should not repeat the abstract material, but instead should provide complementary details about the work. Do not include tables or figures in your submission.
Preferences for oral versus poster presentation will be considered, but the program committee will make the final determination. Only one abstract may be submitted per primary author. Abstracts must contain results, and abstracts specific to the theme of the conference, “Public Health Without Borders,” are encouraged. Individuals who present abstracts at the Annual Meeting must be members of the APHA.
Students are encouraged to submit a late-breaker abstract and are eligible to be considered for the Student Paper Award. Your preference to be considered can be indicated using the menus in the online submission website. To be considered for the Award competition, students must submit a complete manuscript for review by September 1, 2008. Detailed instructions regarding the Student Paper Award will be posted on the ICEHS website: http://www.apha.org/membergroups/sections/aphasections/icehs/
All abstracts must be submitted through APHA’s website: http://apha.confex.com/apha/136am/late.htm
Notification of decisions will be e-mailed to all submitters in mid-August. Please address questions to Douglas Wiebe, ICEHS Program Chair, at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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INVITATION TO ICEHS STUDENT MEMBERS
ENTER THE 2008 INJURY CONTROL AND EMERGENCY HEALTH SERVICES SECTION
STUDENT PAPER COMPETITION
Purpose of the Student Paper Competition:
The purpose of the Injury Control and Emergency Health Services Section (ICEHS) Student Paper Competition (SPC) Award is to foster and reward quality research efforts among students involved in the field.
The Student Paper Competition was implemented at the 1992 Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association. In 2008, one or more monetary awards and plaques will be presented for the seventeenth time at the annual meeting.
Requirements for Submitting Applications and Criteria for the Award:
Applicants must submit an abstract (through the regular process in February or through the “latebreakers” request), according to the APHA abstract guidelines published for the ICEHS to the person/address identified on the website. Work performed while a student may be submitted by those who have completed their programs within the last year, and have not previously presented the same data at a professional meeting, or published the data, are welcome to participate. Following notice of acceptance of the abstract for either oral or poster presentation, by the Scientific Program Chair, applicants must send a completed manuscript, organized and presented according to standard journal format (e.g., American Journal of Public Health, American Journal of Epidemiology, Annals of Emergency Medicine, Injury Prevention, or other pertinent peer-reviewed journal). The reviews for this competition will be conducted by at least three external peer-reviewers. It is anticipated that one or more awards will be presented at the annual American Public Health Association meeting.
SUBMIT – by e-mail:
1) Two WORD manuscript files (one with cover page that includes title, authors and institutions [Label: SPC.YOUR LAST NAME.M1.doc] and one blinded manuscript file, with cover page identifying title only [Label: SPC.YOUR LAST NAME.M2B.doc].
2) SPC Application Form identifying: the school and program in which you are (have been) enrolled; the degree pursued; the expected date of completion; the name of your advisor; statement signed by your advisor that identifies all co-authors involved and the proportion of effort contributed by you, the student applicant, who must be the primary author.
Students must be primary or secondary members of the ICEHS Section of APHA to participate in this competition. Membership must be confirmed prior to the annual American Public Health Association meeting.
Dr. Gerberich asked that papers be submitted electronically for receipt no later than September 1, for the 2008 Student Paper Competition, to Dr. Joyce Pressley who will assist in this year’s student paper awards process:
Joyce Pressley, Ph.D, M.P.H.
722 West 168th Street, Room 17-12
New York, NY 10032
We strongly encourage your participation. Thank you!
Susan Goodwin Gerberich, PhD. MSPH
Co-Chair, Student Paper Competition – APHA/ICEHS
Lenora Olson, PhD
Co-Chair, Student Paper Competition – APHA/ICEHS
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The Cochrane Collaboration Updates Injury Website
The Cochrane Collaboration has recently updated its Injury Website. Visit www.injuries.cochrane.org
Some of the new injury eviews/updates in Issue 2 (2008) of The Cochrane Library include:
• Locomotor training for walking after spinal cord injury
(Mehrholz J, Kugler J, Pohl M)
• Fitness training for cardiorespiratory conditioning after traumatic brain injury
(Hassett LM, Moseley AM, Tate R, Harmer AR)
• Emergency intubation for acutely ill and injured patients
(Lecky F, Bryden D, Little R, Tong N, Moulton C)
• Immunonutrition as an adjuvant therapy for burns
(Danilla S, El Dib RP, Serra R, Cavada G, Valenzuela M)
• Population-based interventions for the prevention of fall-related injuries in older people
(McClure R, Turner C, Peel N, Spinks A, Eakin E, Hughes K)
• Emergency ultrasound-based algorithms for diagnosing blunt abdominal trauma
(Stengel D, Bauwens K, Sehouli J, Rademacher G, Mutze S,
Ekkernkamp A, Porzsolt F)
• Hypertonic versus near isotonic crystalloid for fluid resuscitation in critically ill patients
(Bunn F, Roberts I, Tasker R, Trivedi D)
For more information about the Cochrane Collaboration or to become an author, visit the website listed above or contact Emma Sydenham, Cochrane Injuries Review Group Coordinator at: Email Emma.Sydenham@Lshtm.ac.uk or Tel: +44 (0) 20 7958 8132 (United Kingdom).
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New Master’s Program in Disaster/Emergency Medicine
BEN-GURION UNIVESITY OF THE NEGEV
Faculty of Health Sciences
Leon and Matilda Recanati School for Community Health Professions
Department of Emergency Medicine
Emergency and Disaster Medicine Postgraduate Program and Research Institute
Emergency Medicine is an exciting and dynamic field that deals with the results of a variety of unexpected occurrences such as accidents, natural and man-made disasters, alongside the intensive routine activity.
Over the years Israel has been challenged with many events that required the response to emergency situations and, therefore, calls for ongoing preparedness. The experience and knowledge gained from this practice, further developed and profounded by academic learning, joined together to a new postgraduate degree program in emergency and disaster medicine.
It is our deep conviction that there is an urgent need for an all embracing, comprehensive approach in this area, where large organizations, employers, public facilities, and communities will employ emergency and disaster specialists. These specialists will have the knowledge base necessary to tailor both preparedness and response solutions for specific environments and gear into action, at time of need.
The aim of the Masters program at Ben Gurion University of the Negev at Beer Sheva, Israel, is to increase knowledge and understanding of the field and to provide managers and workers in the health care system and in allied organizations with common nomenclature and managerial tools for optimal functionality in emergency and disaster situations.
Program graduates will be trained to initiate and direct actions towards increasing preparedness and response of health providers in the community and within the healthcare system. The program is designed for professionals in the field that wish to expand their knowledge and abilities in emergency medicine, disasters, injury prevention and the management of emergency medicine systems.
Graduates of medicine, nursing, emergency medicine, health systems management and other health professions as well as safety officers, position holders in emergency organizations, hospitals, pre-hospital systems and activists in humanitarian aid organizations will find interest in the program.
There are two tracks: a research track which includes the writing of a thesis dissertation and a management and education track, which includes additional courses and a seminar.
Duration of studies is two academic years, one full day per week. The program is scheduled to open in October 2008 in Hebrew with plans for a parallel international program in the future in English.
An adjacent research institute was recently formed that will enhance multidisciplinary research of related issues. Research builds on the expertise of staff as well as on close collaboration with EMS services, the Ministry of Health, major emergency departments, atvarious hospitals, Israel Defence Forces, Homefront Command, School of Military Medicine and international contacts with academic allies. The research institute aims to develop unique methodological approaches and enhance emergency medicine and disaster related research.
For further information, please contact Dr. Limor Aharonson-Daniel: email@example.com
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Injury Control and Emergency Health Services Newsletter Archives