Reports & Issue Briefs

APHA develops reports and issue briefs on critical public health issues such as health reform, environmental public health, food and nutrition, preparedness, quality improvementschool, health, and education, and transportation.

Recent Release!

Health in All Policies: A Guide for State and Local Governments -- October 2013

This guide was created by the American Public Health Association, California Department of Public Health, and the Public Health Institute in response to growing interest in using collaborative approaches to improve population health by embedding health considerations into decision-making processes across a broad array of sectors. The Guide draws heavily on the experiences of the California Health in All Policies Task Force and incorporates information from the published and gray literature and interviews with people across the country.

Download the guide and learn more about health in all policies.

 

Improving Community Health through Policy -- May 2013

young girl eating watermelonAs communities band together to solve serious health problems, evidence-based public health policy is a critical element in creating the opportunities and conditions that afford good health and wellbeing for all. A set of ten case studies were developed, in an effort to better understand how state, local and tribal public health agencies effectively use policy approaches for health improvement. In addition, a summary report provides an overview of the themes that were common across discussions with health department staff and partners.

A summary and links to each case study can be found here

Health Reform

white dots on blue backgroundThe New Public Health — Rewiring for the Future — June 2012
Tight budgets, workforce shortages, increasing demands. With no shortage of challenges facing the public health community, this report recommends ways to seize opportunities to transform how public health programs and services are delivered, and provides lessons learned from APHA’s 2012 Midyear Meeting.
Read this report (PDF)

The Prevention and Public Health Fund: A critical investment in our nation’s physical and fiscal health — June 2012
appleThe Affordable Care Act created the Prevention and Public Health Fund as an investment in activities that can help communities improve health outcomes and help the U.S. decrease health care costs. Two years later, this issue brief summarizes the need for prevention and public health funding; reviews the design of the Fund; and provides an update on how the Fund has been implemented and allocated to date.
Read this Report (PDF)

Implementing Health Reform: A Public Health Approach — A Report from APHA’s 2011 Midyear Meeting — June 2011
implementing health reformAPHA’s 2011 Midyear Meeting drew hundreds of experts to explore the opportunities and challenges in implementing health reform from a public health approach. This report highlights central themes and recommendations from the three-day event.

Read this Report (PDF)

 

The Affordable Care Act’s Public Health Workforce Provisions: Opportunities and Challenges — June 2011
This issue brief summarizes the current challenges facing the public health workforce and the provisions of the Affordable Care Act that address those challenges. It also provides an update on the implementation of those provisions and highlights the provisions that could address important workforce challenges but remain unfunded.
Read this brief
(PDF)

 

Reforming Our Nation’s Health System: Lessons for the Public Health Community  — November 2010
This report summarizes the proceedings from the 2010 APHA Summit on Health Reform. Topics covered include the prevention and public health provisions of the Affordable Care Act and lessons from existing state health reform efforts.

Read this brief (PDF)


Prevention Provisions in the Affordable Care Act  — October 2010
Affordable Care Act supporter This issue brief summarizes the provisions of the Affordable Care Act that are most relevant for disease prevention and health promotion.

Read this brief  (PDF)

 

 

98 Years of Almost: The Push for National Health Insurance — May 2010  
This issue brief provides a history of health care in the U.S. and a summary of past national health insurance attempts, culminating with the passage of the Affordable Care Act in March 2010.

Read this brief  (PDF)

 

Shifting the Course of Our Nation’s Health: Prevention and Wellness as National Policy — April 2009
Girls playing soccer This brief provides a discussion of how prevention and wellness must be the cornerstones of national public health and health care policy.

Read the brief (PDF)


 

Holes in the Net: Surveying the Impact of the Current Economic Recession on the Health Care Safety Net — April 2009
Senior citizen This brief provides a discussion of how the economic recession that began in 2007 has negatively impacted access to health care and put an increased strain on public health infrastructure.

Read the brief  (PDF)

 

 

The Role of Community-Based Programs in Ensuring Access to Care Under Universal Coverage — October 2009
doctor with young patient This brief describes the unique role played by community-based public health programs in our health care system and examines the continued need for these programs within a system of near-universal coverage using Massachusetts health reform as an example.

Read the report (PDF)

 

Environmental Public Health

Climate Change: Mastering the Public Health Role — April 2011
This is a practical guidebook that is intended to be a useful tool to help prepare the public health community for the challenges of climate change. It is a translation of a siz-part webinar series hosted by APHA and CDC.

Read the report (PDF)

 

Creating a Safe Food System for America  — October 2009
This brief summarizes the health and cost impacts of foodborne illness in the U.S. and outlines needed policy changes.

Read the brief (PDF)


 

America Breathing Easier: Working Together, We Can Alleviate the Burden of Asthma and Keep America Breathing Easier — May 2009
man on grassy hill This booklet provides a summary of the state of asthma in the U.S. and highlights the role of CDC’s asthma control program in helping to combat this important public health issue.

  Read the booklet  (PDF)

 

 

ATSDR: Safeguarding Communities from Chemical Exposures report — October 2009
image of oil spillThis report provides an overview of the essential roles and services of ATSDR in addressing community environmental exposures.

 Read the report (PDF)

 

 

Protecting America’s Health: Federal Chemical Safety System — November 2009
scientist in labThis brochure highlights the complex federal chemical protection system by outlining the primary roles of the various agencies and programs.

Read the brochure (PDF)

 


Food and Nutrition

Recent Release!
The Farm Bill and Public Health: A Primer for Public Health Professionals
 — June 2012
farmers market The Farm Bill impacts public health through a variety of nutrition, agriculture and conservation policies and programs. This primer provides a summary of the major components of the existing Farm Bill and their connections to public health; it is an essential foundation for all public health professionals.
Read this Report (PDF)

 

Preparedness

Communicating Public Health Preparedness Media and Message Guide — January 2012

preparedness

This guide is intended to be used by public health professionals and partners to help provide consistent messages and communications about public health preparedness. Read the guide (PDF)

 

 

APHA Prescription for Pandemic Flu — February 2007

This report details APHA’s support for comprehensive national planning for an influenza pandemic and recommends key changes to the current preparedness and response strategy. 

View the report chapters  

 

 

Quality Improvement in Public Health

Quality Improvement in Public Health: It Works!  — June 2012
young girls high five after soccer gameThis brochure describes national efforts that provide a consistent foundation for Quality Improvement (QI) in public health at all levels of government; provides stories of QI successes in public health departments; and offers resources to assist public health professionals who recognize the importance of applying QI to public health practice.

Read this brochure (PDF)

Health Department Initiatives: Moving Toward Quality Improvement — June 2011
teacher and studentsThis brochure highlights Quality Improvement work in five states using tools and planning methods from the National Public Health Performance Standards Program (NPHPSP), Mobilizing for Action through Partnership and Planning (MAPP), and the Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB) at state and local health departments sharing successes and reflecting on lessons learned. Read this brochure
(PDF)

 

School, Health and Education 

The Dropout Crisis: A Public Health Problem and the Role of School-Based Health Care — September 2011

Teacher with students This issue brief outlines the social, economic, and long- term impacts of our nation’s high school dropout crisis, and how school-based health centers can improve students’ odds of high school completion.

Read this report (PDF)

 

The Health, Well-Being, and Educational Success of School-Age Youth and School-Based Health Care — September 2011

kids playing hopskotchThis issue brief discusses the power of school-based health centers in promoting healthy lifestyles, particularly for their affect on the most disadvantaged students. 

Read this issue brief (PDF)

 

 

Understanding Hunger and Obesity and the Role for School-Based Health Care — September 2011

girl reaching into lockerAs discussed in this issue brief, hunger, obesity, and food insecurity all have proven health and educational consequences, which can be addressed by school-based health centers. 

Read this issue brief (PDF)

 

 

School Climate, Student Success and the Role of School-Based Health Care — September 2011

female graduateThis issue brief investigates how a school’s climate, influenced by many factors within the school, can affect students and be improved by school-based health centers.

Read this issue brief (PDF)

 

 

The Vital Role of School-Based Health Centers in Creating a Violence-Free School Environment — September 2011

This issue brief addresses the impact of violence on health and education, and the positive impact school-based health centers can have within the school building.

Read this issue brief (PDF)

 

Transportation

The Hidden Health Costs of Transportation — February 2010
Vehicles after accidentThis report provides a summary of the estimated health impacts and costs associated the current transportation system.

Read this report (PDF)

 

 

The Hidden Health Costs of Transportation (Backgrounder) — March 2010
This document is the backgrounder behind the report “Hidden Health Costs of Transportation” and provides a more detailed version of the health impacts and estimated costs. 
Read this backgrounder (PDF)

 

At the Intersection of Public Health and Transportation: Promoting Healthy Transportation Policy — April 2009
traffic signThis report provides an overview of the connection between transportation and health and outlines how federal transportation policy provides an opportunity to promote health. 
Read the report (PDF)

 

 

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